The Human Semantic Potential: Spatial Language and Constrained ConnectionismHardback Neural Network Modeling & Connectionism
- Publisher: MIT Press
- Format: Hardback | 236 pages
- Dimensions: 183mm x 234mm x 19mm | 649g
- Publication date: 30 September 1996
- Publication City/Country: Cambridge, Mass.
- ISBN 10: 0262181738
- ISBN 13: 9780262181730
- Edition statement: New ed.
- Illustrations note: 119
- Sales rank: 1,540,317
Drawing on ideas from cognitive linguistics, connectionism, and perception, The Human Semantic Potential describes a connectionist model that learns perceptually grounded semantics for natural language in spatial terms. Languages differ in the ways in which they structure space, and Regier's aim is to have the model perform its learning task for terms from any natural language. The system has so far succeeded in learning spatial terms from English, German, Russian, Japanese, and Mixtec. The model views simple movies of two-dimensional objects moving relative to one another and learns to classify them linguistically in accordance with the spatial system of some natural language. The overall goal is to determine which sorts of spatial configurations and events are learnable as the semantics for spatial terms and which are not. Ultimately, the model and its theoretical underpinnings are a step in the direction of articulating biologically based constraints on the nature of human semantic systems. Along the way Regier takes up such substantial issues as the attraction and the liabilities of PDP and structured connectionist modeling, the problem of learning without direct negative evidence, and the area of linguistic universals, which is addressed in the model itself. Trained on spatial terms from different languages, the model permits observations about the possible bases of linguistic universals and interlanguage variation. Neural Network Modeling and Connectionism series
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"Regier's work makes a distinct and tangible contribution to the study of cognition and should be read by anyone interested in language acquisition in particular, and learning in general. This work brings about an impressive integration of ideas from cognitive linguistics, connectionism, and computer science in order to attack the problem of learning perceptually grounded semantics of spatial terms. The research reported in this book is an excellent example of interdisciplinary work." Lokendra Shastri, Member AI Group, International Computer Science Institute, Berkeley "Regier develops a structured connectionist model for acquiring spatial concepts that represents the epitome of cognitive science, integrating perspectives from linguistics, artificial intelligence, and psychology. This work further represents an excellent example of how a complex model should be analyzed to establish its core properties, implications, and limitations. Besides having considerable scientific merit, the book is highly engaging, frequently provocative, and beautifully written." Lawrence W. Barsalou, Professor of Psychology, University of Chicago
Table of contents
Part 1 Introduction: matter and method; space and semantic potential; negative evidence and language learning; the modelling challenge; constrained connectionism; a brief exchange; an overview of the book. Part 2 The linguistic categorization of space: perception and the human semantic potential; the primacy of space; crosslinguistic variation; cognitive linguistics; summary. Part 3 Connectionism and cognitive models: overview; parallel distributed processing; structured connectionism; constrained connectionism; learning sequences using back-propagation; another brief exchange. Part 4 Learning without explicit negative evidence: the problem; a solution - mutual exclusivity; difficulties with mutual exclusivity; salvaging mutual exclusivity; implementation; results. Part 5 Structures: structures and constrained connectionism; orientation combination; map comparison; motion - source, path and destination. Part 6 A model of spatial semantics: overview; the problem; the model; a run through the model; results; prototype effects; discussion. Part 7 Extensions: polysemy; deixis; prelinguistic conceptual development; key events; distance; convex hulls; implicit paths. Part 8 Discussion: inquiry into linguistic universals; falsifiability; the nature of the model; what have we learned about models?; a final word.