The Gymnasium of Virtue

The Gymnasium of Virtue : Education and Culture in Ancient Sparta

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The Gymnasium of Virtue is the first book devoted exclusively to the study of education in ancient Sparta, covering the period from the sixth century B.C. to the fourth century A.D. Nigel Kennell refutes the popular notion that classical Spartan education was a conservative amalgam of "primitive" customs not found elsewhere in Greece. He argues instead that later political and cultural movements made the system appear to be more distinctive than it actually had been, as a means of asserting Sparta's claim to be a unique society. Using epigraphical, literary, and archaeological evidence, Kennell describes the development of all aspects of Spartan education, including the age-grade system and physical contests that were integral to the system. He shows that Spartan education reached its apogee in the early Roman Empire, when Spartans sought to distinguish themselves from other Greeks. He attributes many of the changes instituted later in the period to one person--the philosopher Sphaerus the Borysthenite, who was an adviser to the revolutionary king Cleomenes III in the third century B.C. |One of the first scientists to write and lecture about ecology, Wells introduced North Carolinians to the extraordinary tapestry of "natural gardens," or plant communities, within the state's borders back in 1932. This handsome revised edition of The Natural Gardens of North Carolina features new line drawings and color photographs, an appendix that updates the botanical nomenclature, an introduction that focuses on B. W. Wells and his passion for the state's landscape, and an afterword that discusses the continuing relevance of Wells's ideas.

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Product details

  • Paperback | 256 pages
  • 149.86 x 223.52 x 20.32mm | 272.15g
  • The University of North Carolina Press
  • Chapel Hill, United States
  • English
  • Revised
  • 2nd Revised edition
  • 0807858749
  • 9780807858745
  • 871,116

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Review quote

Required reading for anyone interested in the study of Greek history and society and in the history of education."History of Education Quarterly"

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About Nigel M. Kennell

Nigel M. Kennell is a faculty member in the College Year in Athens program at the International Center for Hellenic and Mediterranean Studies in Athens, Greece.

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