A Guide to Old English

A Guide to Old English

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By (author) Bruce Mitchell, By (author) Fred C. Robinson

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  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell (an imprint of John Wiley & Sons Ltd)
  • Format: Paperback | 444 pages
  • Dimensions: 152mm x 228mm x 24mm | 640g
  • Publication date: 25 October 2011
  • Publication City/Country: Chicester
  • ISBN 10: 0470671076
  • ISBN 13: 9780470671078
  • Edition: 8, Revised
  • Edition statement: 8th Revised edition
  • Illustrations note: Illustrations, maps
  • Sales rank: 82,365

Product description

A comprehensive introduction to Old English, combining simple,clear philology with the best literary works to provide acompelling and accessible beginners guide. * Provides a comprehensive introduction to Old English * Uses a practical approach suited to the needs of the beginningstudent * Features selections from the greatest works of Old Englishliterature, organized from simple to more challenging texts to keeppace with the reader * Includes a discussion of Anglo-Saxon literature, history, andculture, and a bibliography directing readers to usefulpublications on the subject * Updated throughout with new material including the first 25lines from Beowulf with detailed annotation and anexplanation of Grimm s and Verner s laws

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Author information

Fred C. Robinson is Douglas Tracy Smith ProfessorEmeritus at Yale University. He is a Fellow and past President ofthe Medieval Academy of America, and has received many honors. Hehas written extensively on Beowulf, Old English, and English andAmerican literature and language of all periods. Bruce Mitchell is late Fellow Emeritus of St. Edmund Hall,University of Oxford.

Back cover copy

"A Guide to Old English" is a detailed but accessible introduction to the Old English language for beginners. The language section offers a simple yet comprehensive language reference, including sections on orthography and pronunciation, inflexions, word formation, and syntax. The guide then provides an anthology of the best Old English literary works, with explanatory notes and a detailed glossary, which has been arranged carefully from the simplest texts to the more challenging, to facilitate students' language development. Whilst retaining many of the elements of previous editions, which have made it so attractive to teachers and students of Old English for over 50 years, the eighth edition of the "Guide" has been updated in response to feedback from users to include the following additions: facsimile of the manuscript page from the beginning of "Beowulf" the first 25 lines of "Beowulf," with an exceptionally detailed set of annotations aimed at preparing the student for a thorough study of the poem an explanation of Grimm's and Verner's Laws text revisions throughout to make the "Guide" as accessible as possible for undergraduate readers The book also offers a discussion of Anglo-Saxon literature, history, and culture, and a bibliography directing readers to useful publications on the subject. Altogether, this is a comprehensive introduction to Old English, combining simple, clear philology with the best literary works to provide a compelling and accessible beginners' guide.

Table of contents

Foreword to the Eighth Edition vi Map of Anglo-Saxon England vii Abbreviations and Symbols xv How to Use this Guide 1 PART ONE. 1 Preliminary Remarks on the Language(§§1 4) 11 2 Orthography and Pronunciation (§§5 9)13 i Orthography (§5) 13 ii Stress (§6) 13 iii Vowels (§7) 14 iv Diphthongs (§8) 14 v Consonants (§9) 15 3 Inflexions (§§10 135) 17 Introduction (§§10 14) 17 i Pronouns (§§15 21) 18 ii Nouns and Sound-Changes Relevant to Them(§§22 62) 20 Weak Nouns (§§22 25) 20 Some Technical Terms (§§26 32) 20 Strong Nouns like stan (masc.) and scip (neut.)(§§33 44) 22 Masculine and Neuter Nouns in -e (§§45 46)26 Strong Feminine Nouns (§§47 51) 27 i-Mutation (§§52 57) 28 Nouns Affected by i-Mutation (§§58 60) 29 u-Nouns (§§61 62) 30 iii Adjectives (§§63 76) 31 Introduction (§§63 64) 31 Weak Declension (§65) 31 Strong Declension (§§66 67) 31 Stem Changes in Adjectives (§§68 73) 32 Comparison of Adjectives (§§74 76) 33 iv Observations on Noun, Adjective, and Pronoun Declensions (§§77 81) 34 v Numerals (§§82 86) 34 vi Strong Verbs and Sound-Changes Relevant to Them (§§87 114) 35 Introduction (§§87 89) 35 Principal Parts of the Strong Verbs (§§90 95)36 Breaking (§§96 99) 38 Influence of Initial i, sc, h (§100) 39 Influence of Nasals (§101) 40 Summary of the Strong Verbs of Class III (§102) 40 The Effects of Sound-Changes on Other Strong Verbs (§103)40 Strong Verbs of Class VII (§104) 41 Grimm s Law and Verner s Law(§§105 109) 41 Conjugation of the Strong Verb (§§110 114)43 vii Weak Verbs and Sound-Changes Relevant to Them (§§115 126) 46 Introduction (§115) 46 Class 1 (§§116 123) 46 Class 2 (§§124 125) 49 Class 3 (§126) 50 viii Anomalous Verbs (§§127 130) 51 Bbon (§127) 51 Ddn and gan (§128) 51 Willan (§129) 52 Preterite-Present Verbs (§130) 52 ix Is a Verb Strong or Weak? To which Class does it Belong?(§§131 134) 53 x Adverbs (§135) 54 Formation (§135) 54 Comparison (§135) 54 4 Word Formation (§§136 138) 55 Introduction (§136) 55 i Compounding (§137) 56 ii The Addition of Affixes (§138) 57 Prefixes (§138) 58 Suffixes (§138) 59 5 Syntax (§§139 214) 61 Introduction (§§139 142) 61 i Word-Order (§§143 147) 63 ii Sentence Structure (§§148 153) 66 Recapitulation and Anticipation (§148) 66 The Splitting of Heavy Groups (§149) 67 Correlation (§§150 153) 68 iii Noun Clauses (§§154 161) 70 Introduction (§154) 70 Dependent Statements and Desires (§§155 156)70 Dependent Questions (§§157 160) 72 The Accusative and Infinitive (§161) 75 iv Adjective Clauses (§§162 165) 75 Definite Adjective Clauses (§§162 163) 75 Indefinite Adjective Clauses (§164) 79 Mood (§165) 80 v Adverb Clauses (§§166 181) 81 Introduction (§§166 167) 81 Non-Prepositional Conjunctions (§168) 83 Prepositional Conjunctions (§§169 171) 83 An Exercise in Analysis (§172) 86 Clauses of Place (§173) 87 Clauses of Time (§174) 88 Clauses of Purpose and Result (§175) 89 Causal Clauses (§176) 89 Clauses of Comparison (§177) 89 Clauses of Concession (§178) 90 Clauses of Condition (§179) 91 Adverb Clauses Expressing Other Relationships (§180) 92 Other Ways of Expressing Adverbial Relationships (§181)93 vi Parataxis (§§182 186) 93 Introduction (§§182 183) 93 List of Conjunctions and Adverbs Commonly Used (§184) 94 Parataxis without Conjunctions (§185) 96 Some Special Idioms (§186) 96 vii Concord (§187) 97 1. Nouns, Pronouns and their Modifiers (§187) 97 2. Pronouns and their Antecedents (§187) 97 3. Subject and Verb (§187) 98 viii The Uses of the Cases (§§188 192) 98 Nominative (§188) 98 Accusative (§189) 99 Genitive (§190) 99 Dative (§191) 99 Instrumental (§192) 100 ix Articles, Pronouns, and Numerals (§§193 194)100 Articles and Pronouns (§193) 100 Numerals (§194) 101 x Verbs (§§195 212) 101 The Uses of the Present and Preterite Tenses(§§195 198) 101 The Resolved Tenses (§§199 204) 103 Introduction (§199) 103 The Verb 'to have' as an Auxiliary (§200) 103 The Verb 'to be' as an Auxiliary of Tense (§201) 104 The Passive (§§202 203) 104 Other Uses of the Present and Past Participles (§204)105 The Uses of the Infinitives (§205) 105 The 'Modal' Auxiliaries (§§206 211) 106 Introduction (§206) 106 Magan (§207) 107 Mdtan (§208) 107 Cunnan (§209) 108 Sculan (§210) 108 Willan (§211) 108 Impersonal Verbs (§212) 109 xi Prepositions (§§213 214) 109 List of Prepositions (§214) 110 6 An Introduction to Anglo-Saxon Studies(§§215 251) 111 i Some Significant Dates (§§215 216) 111 ii History (§§217 218) 111 iii Archaeology (§§219 230) 117 Introduction (§219) 117 List of Abbreviated Titles (§220) 118 Weapons and Warfare (§221) 120 Life and Dress (§222) 120 Architecture and Buildings (§§223 224) 121 Sculpture and Carving (§225) 122 Jewellery and Metalwork (§226) 123 Embroidery (§227) 123 Coins (§228) 124 Manuscripts and Runic Inscriptions (§229) 124 The Sutton Hoo Ship-Burial (§230) 124 iv Language (§§231 235) 125 Changes in English (§231) 125 The Danish Invasions (§232) 126 The Norman Conquest (§233) 127 Vocabulary (§234) 127 Some Questions (§235) 128 v Literature (§§236 251) 128 Introduction (§§236 246) 128 Poetry (§§247 249) 134 Prose (§§250 251) 135 7 Select Bibliography (§§252 269) 137 General (§252) 137 Chapter 1 Preliminary Remarks on the Language (§253)137 Chapter 2 Orthography and Pronunciation (§254) 138 Chapter 3 Inflexions (§254) 138 Chapter 4 Word Formation (§255) 138 Chapter 5 Syntax (§256) 138 Chapter 6 Introduction to Anglo-Saxon Studies(§§257 269) 139 History (§257) 139 Archaeology (§258) 139 Language (§§259 261) 140 History of English Prose (§259) 140 Vocabulary (§§260 261) 140 Word Formation 140 Changes of Meaning (§260) 140 Borrowings (§261) 140 Literature (§§262 269) 141 Topics Raised in §§236 246 (§262) 141 General Criticism (§263) 141 Poetry Texts (§264) 141 Appreciation of the Poetry (§265) 143 The Use of Oral Formulae (§266) 143 Metre (§267) 143 Prose Texts (§268) 144 Sources (§269) 144 Appendix A Strong Verbs 146 Appendix B Some Effects of i-Mutation 154 Appendix C Metre 156 Appendix D List of Linguistic Terms Used in this Book163 Appendix E The Moods of Old English 174 Appendix F Grimm's and Verner s Laws 175 PART TWO: PROSE AND VERSE TEXTS. 1 Practice Sentences 179 2 Two Old Testament Pieces 181 The Fall of Man 182 Abraham and Isaac 186 3 A Colloquy on the Occupations 190 4 Two Characteristic Prose Works by Aelfric 198 Preface to Genesis 198 St. Edmund, King and Martyr 203 5 Alfred the Great s Preface to his Translation ofGregory's Pastoral Care 212 6 Cynewulf and Cyneheard 216 7 Selections from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 220 8 Bede's Account of the Conversion of King Edwin 224 9 Bede's Account of the Poet Caedmon 228 10 The Goths and Boethius: Prose and Verse from the Introductionto King Alfred's Boethius Translation 234 11 (a) (p) Riddles 239 12 The Battle of Maldon 249 13 The Ruin 261 14 The Dream of the Rood 264 15 The Wife s Lament 272 16 The Wanderer 276 17 The Seafarer 284 18 Four excerpts from Beowulf 291 Prologue 294 (a) Beowulf s Fight with Grendel 296 (b) Beowulf Consoles Hrothgar for Aeschere's Death 303 (c) The Lament of the Last Survivor 306 (d) Beowulf s Funeral 307 19 Wulf and Eadwacer 309 20 Judith 312 21 Cotton Gnomes or Maxims 325 22 Sermo Lupi ad Anglos 329 Glossary 337 Indexes to Part One 418 Index of Subjects 418 Index of Words 422