The Greeks: History, Culture, and Society

The Greeks: History, Culture, and Society

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By (author) Ian Morris, By (author) Barry B. Powell

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  • Publisher: Pearson Education Limited
  • Format: Paperback | 584 pages
  • Dimensions: 216mm x 276mm x 27mm | 1,256g
  • Publication date: 18 July 2013
  • Publication City/Country: Harlow
  • ISBN 10: 1292022388
  • ISBN 13: 9781292022383
  • Edition: 2, Revised
  • Edition statement: Pearson New International Edition
  • Sales rank: 861,700

Product description

For courses in Greek History or Greek Civilization. Organized chronologically, this text presents a complete picture of Greek civilization as a history. It features sections on the art, architecture, literature, and thought of each period. This text presents students with the history of Greece from the prehistoric through the Mycenaean Period, the Dark Ages, the Classical Period, the Hellenistic, and the absorption of Greek culture by Rome.

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Table of contents

Contents Maps Preface About the Authors Credits 1. A Small, Far-Off Land Historical Sketch Why Study the Greeks? Who Were the Greeks? The Structure of This Book: History, Culture, and Society Key Terms Further Reading 2. Country and People Greek Geography, Climate, and Agriculture Demography Migration Health and Disease Nutrition Economic Growth in Ancient Greece Key Terms Further Reading 3. The Greeks at Home Gender Relationships: Ideals and Realities Sexuality Adults and Children Key Terms Further Reading 4. The Greeks Before History, 12,000-1200 B.C. The End of the Last Ice Age, 12,000-11,000 B.C. The Origins of Agriculture, 11,000-5000 B.C. Greeks and Indo-Europeans Neolithic Society and Economy, 5000-3000 B.C. The Early Bronze Age, 3000-2300 B.C. The Middle Bronze Age, 2300-800 B.C. The Age of Minoan Palaces, 2000-600 B.C. The Rise of Mycenaean Greece, 1750-500 B.C. The End of Minoan Civilization, 1600-1400 B.C. Mycenaean Greece: Archaeology, Linear B, and Homer The End of the Bronze Age, circa 200 B.C. Key Terms Further Reading 5. The Dark Age, 1200-800 B.C. The Collapse of the Old States Life Among the Ruins Dark Age Heroes Art and Trade in the Dark Age The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Economy The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Society The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Culture Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading 6. Homer The Homeric Question Milman Parry and Oral Poetry The Oral Poet in Homer Heinrich Schliemann and the Trojan War The Tragic Iliad Homer and the Invention of Plot The Comic Odyssey Odysseus and Homer Key Terms Further Reading 7. Religion and Myth Definitions of Religion and Myth Hesiod's Myth of the Origin of the Gods Greek Religion in History Forms of Greek Religious Practice Hesiod's Myth of Sacrifice Gods and Other Mysterious Beings Chthonic Religion The Ungrateful Dead and the Laying of the Ghost Ecstatic and Mystical Religion Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading 8. Ancient Greece, 800-480 B.C.: Economy, Society, Politics Government by Oligarchy Elite Culture The Tyrants The Structure of Archaic States Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading 9. The Archaic Cultural Revolution, 700-480 B.C. Natural Philosophy in Miletus Pythagoras: Philosophy and Social Science in the West Hecataeus, Herodotus, and Historie Lyric poets Material Culture Art and Thought in Sixth-Century Greece Key Terms Further Reading 10. A Tale of Two Archaic Cities: Sparta and Athens, 700-480 B.C. Sparta Spartiates, Perioikoi, and Helots Plutarch's Sparta Spartan Government Athens The Seventh-Century Crisis Solon Pisistratus and the Consequences of Solon's Reforms Demokratia Athens Submits to Persia Key Terms Further Reading 11. Persia and the Greeks, 550-490 B.C. Empires of the Ancient Near East Lydia Cyrus and the Rise of Persia, 559-530 B.C. Cambyses and Darius, 530-52 B.C. Persia's Northwest Frontier and the Ionian Revolt, 52-494 B.C. The Battle of Marathon, 490 B.C. Key Terms Further Reading 12. The Great War, 480-479 B.C. Storm Clouds in the West Storm Clouds in the East The Storm Breaks in the West: The Battle of Himera, 480 B.C. The Storm Breaks in the East: The Battle of Thermopylae, 480 B.C. The Fall of Athens The Battle of Salamis The End of the Storm: Battles of Plataea and Mycale, 479 B.C. Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading 13. Democracy and Empire; Athens and Syracuse, 479-431 B.C. The Expansion of the Syracusan State, 479-461 B.C. The Western Democracies, 461-433 B.C. Economic Growth in Western Greece, 479-433 B.C. Cimon and the Creation of the Athenian Empire, 478-461 B.C. The First Peloponnesian War, 460-446 B.C. Pericles and the Consolidation of Athenian Power, 446-433 B.C. Economic Growth in the Aegean The Edge of the Abyss, 433-431 B.C. Key Terms Further Reading 14. Art and Thought in the Fifth Century B.C. Philosophy Material Culture Key Terms Further Reading 15. Fifth-Century Drama Tragedy The City of Dionysia The Theater of Dionysus Narrative Structure Character and Other Dimensions of Tragedy Tragic Plots Conclusion The Origins of Comedy The Plots of Old Comedy The Structures of Old Comedy Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading 16. The Peloponnesian War and Its Aftermath, 431-399 B.C. The Archidamian War, 431-421 B.C. The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition, 421-413 B.C. Sicily and the Carthaginian War, 412-404 B.C. The Ionian War, 412-404 B.C. Aftermath, 404-399 B.C. Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading 17. The Greeks between Persia and Carthage, 399-360 B.C. Sparta's Empire, 404-360 B.C. Economy, Society, and War Sparta's Collapse, 371 B.C. Anarchy in the Aegean, 371-360 B.C. Carthage and Syracuse, 404-360 B.C. The Golden Age of Syracuse, 393-367 B.C. Anarchy in the West, 367-345 B.C. Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading 18. Greek Culture in the Fourth Century B.C. Material Culture Plato Aristotle Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading 19. The Warlords of Macedon I: Philip II and Alexander the King Macedonia before Philip II Philip's Struggle for Survival, 359-357 B.C. Philip Consolidates His Position, 357-352 B.C. Philip Seeks a Greek Peace, 352-346 B.C. The Struggle for a Greek Peace, 346-338 B.C. Philip's End, 338-336 B.C. Alexander the King The Conquest of Persia, 334-330 B.C. Key Terms Further Reading 20. The Warlords of Macedon II: Alexander the God The Fall of the Great King Darius, 331-330 B.C. After the War, 330-324 B.C. War in India, 327-326 B.C. The Long March Home, 326-324 B.C. The Last Days, 324-323 B.C. Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading 21. The Successors to Alexander, 323-220 B.C The Wars of the Successors, 323-301 B.C The Hellenistic World after Ipsus The Seleucid Empire Ptolemaic Egypt The Antigonids: Macedonia Key Terms Further Reading 22. The Greek Poleis, 323-220 B.C Impoverishment and Depopulation in Mainland Greece Athens in Decline Sparta's Counterrevolution The Western Greeks: Agathocles of Syracuse (361-289/8 B.C) Pyrrhus of Epirus Hellenistic Society: The Weakening of the Egalitarian Ideal Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading 23. Hellenistic Culture, 323-30 B.C. Hellenistic Historians Poetry Material Culture Hellenistic Philosophy Medicine Quantitative Science in the Hellenistic Age Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading 24. The Coming of Rome, 220-30 B.C. The Rise of Rome, 753-280 B.C. Rome, Carthage, and the Western Greeks, 280-200 B.C. Rome Breaks the Hellenistic Empires, 200-167 B.C. Consequences of the Wars: The Greeks Consequences of the Wars: The Romans New Roman Army The Agony of the Aegean, 99-70 B.C. Pompey's Greek Settlement, 70-62 B.C. The End of Hellenistic Egypt, 61-30 B.C. Aftermath Key Terms Further Reading 25. Conclusion The Bronze Age (c. 3000-1200 B.C.; Chapter 4) The Dark Age (c. 1200-700 B.C.; Chapter 5) The Archaic Period (c. 700-500 B.C.; Chapters 6-10) The Classical Period (c. 500-350 B.C.; Chapters 11-18) The Macedonian Takeover (c. 350-323 B.C.; Chapters 19-22) The Hellenistic Period (c. 323-30 B.C.; Chapters 23-24) Conclusion Pronunciation Guide