Greed and Injustice in Classical Athens

Greed and Injustice in Classical Athens

Hardback

By (author) Ryan K. Balot

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  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • Format: Hardback | 312 pages
  • Dimensions: 162mm x 240mm x 25mm | 594g
  • Publication date: 4 November 2001
  • Publication City/Country: New Jersey
  • ISBN 10: 069104855X
  • ISBN 13: 9780691048550

Product description

In this original and rewarding combination of intellectual and political history, Ryan Balot offers a thorough historical and sociological interpretation of classical Athens centered on the notion of greed. Integrating ancient philosophy, poetry, and history, and drawing on modern political thought, the author demonstrates that the Athenian discourse on greed was an essential component of Greek social development and political history. Over time, the Athenians developed sophisticated psychological and political accounts of acquisitiveness and a correspondingly rich vocabulary to describe and condemn it. Greed figures repeatedly as an object of criticism in authors as diverse as Solon, Thucydides, and Plato - all of whom addressed the social disruptions caused by it, as well as the inadequacy of lives focused on it. Because of its ethical significance, greed surfaced frequently in theoretical debates about democracy and oligarchy. Ultimately, critiques of greed - particularly the charge that it is unjust - were built into the robust accounts of justice formulated by many philosophers, including Plato and Aristotle. Such critiques of greed both reflected and were inextricably knitted into economic history and political events, including the coups of 411 and 404 B.C. Balot contrasts ancient Greek thought on distributive justice with later Western traditions, with implications for political and economic history well beyond the classical period. Because the belief that greed is good holds a dominant position in modern justifications of capitalism, this study provides a deep historical context within which such justifications can be reexamined and, perhaps, found wanting.

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Author information

Ryan K. Balot is Assistant Professor of Classics at Washington University in St. Louis. He has published articles on Chariton, Vergil, and Aristotle.

Review quote

"[A] timely and sophisticated interdisciplinary study, involving not only ancient political theory, but also modern ethics, the concepts of distributive justice and individual virtue... Students of political theory will find this study, which illuminates many basic issues both thoughtful and invigorating."--David F. Graf, Religious Studies Review "The intellectual breadth and depth of the project is most impressive. Moreover, the scholarship is thorough ... primary sources are regularly cited and sometimes quoted and the writing style is as consistently clear as it is literate and, from a critical standpoint, au courant. Altogether, Balot's study is to be highly recommended across the wide spectrum of disciplines it so splendidly reflects."--Nicholas F. Jones, The Historian

Flap copy

"This book is excellent: original, well researched, and well written. Balot's approach is groundbreaking and entirely successful. The result is a project that crosses all sorts of disciplinary boundaries and is simultaneously an intellectual history and a political/economic history."--Charles Hedrick, University of California, Santa Cruz "This is very much an intellectual history, but Balot's comparisons of different authors have much in common with the kinds of intertextual analyses of literary critics. This sets this very good and ambitious book apart from other recent work in Greek history."--Ian Morris, Stanford University

Table of contents

Preface and Acknowledgments ix Abbreviations xi Chapter 1. Introduction 1 Chapter 2. Greed in Aristotle's Political Thought 22 Greed and Unfairness in Distribution in Nicomachean Ethics 5 23 What Makes Human Beings Greedy? 34 Analyzing Greed in the Polis: Revolution, Civic Strife, and Distributive, Justice 44 Conclusion 55 Chapter 3. Solonian Athens and the Archaic Roots of Greed 58 Homer and Hesiod 59 Solon's Reform 73 Solon's Critique: The Problem of Acquisition and Unfairness 79 Chapter 4. Herodotus and the Greed of Imperialism 99 Eastern Imperialism 100 Greed and Fairness in the Panhellenic League 108 The Emergent Imperialism of Athens 114 Conclusion 129 Chapter 5. Thucydides, Greed, and the Breakdown of Political Community 136 Revolution at Corcyra: Greed, Leadership, and Civic Trust 137 Periclean Athens: Greedy Success 142 Human Nature, Democracy, and Greed 154 Post-Periclean Disintegration 159 Conclusion: The Ethics of Athenian Imperialism 172 Chapter 6. "Revolution Matters"? Oligarchic Rebellion and Democratic Hegemony in Athens 179 Athenian Culture in the Late Fifth Century: Unity and Division 180 The Revolution of 411: Speech, Mistrust, and Violence 211 The Revolution of 404: Greed and the Thirty 219 Responding to the Revolutions. Lysias and Xenophon 225 Chapter 7. Epilogue: Planto's Republic in Context 234 Bibliography 249 Index Locorum 273 General Index 279