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    Goodness and Advice (University Center for Human Values (Paperback)) (Paperback) By (author) Judith Jarvis Thomson, Edited by Amy Gutmann, Commentaries by Philip Fisher, Commentaries by Martha C. Nussbaum, Commentaries by J. B. Schneewind, Commentaries by Barbara Herrnstein Smith

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    DescriptionHow should we live? What do we owe to other people? In "Goodness and Advice", the eminent philosopher Judith Jarvis Thomson explores how we should go about answering such fundamental questions. In doing so, she makes major advances in moral philosophy, pointing to some deep problems for influential moral theories and describing the structure of a new and much more promising theory. Thomson begins by lamenting the prevalence of the idea that there is an unbridgeable gap between fact and value - that to say something is good, for example, is not to state a fact, but to do something more like expressing an attitude or feeling. She sets out to challenge this view, first by assessing the apparently powerful claims of Consequentialism.Thomson makes the striking argument that this familiar theory must ultimately fail because its basic requirement - that people should act to bring about the "most good" - is meaningless. It rests on an incoherent conception of goodness, and supplies, not mistaken advice, but no advice at all. Thomson then outlines the theory that she thinks we should opt for instead. This theory says that no acts are, simply, good: an act can at most be good in one or another way - as, for example, good for Smith or for Jones.What we ought to do is, most importantly, to avoid injustice; and whether an act is unjust is a function both of the rights of those affected, including the agent, and of how good or bad the act is for them. The book, which originated in the Tanner lectures that Thomson delivered at Princeton University's Center for Human Values in 1999, includes two chapters by Thomson ("Goodness" and "Advice"), provocative comments by four prominent scholars - Martha Nussbaum, Jerome Schneewind, Philip Fisher, and Barbara Herrnstein Smith - and replies by Thomson to those comments.


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    Title
    Goodness and Advice
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Judith Jarvis Thomson, Edited by Amy Gutmann, Commentaries by Philip Fisher, Commentaries by Martha C. Nussbaum, Commentaries by J. B. Schneewind, Commentaries by Barbara Herrnstein Smith
    Physical properties
    Format: Paperback
    Number of pages: 206
    Width: 156 mm
    Height: 234 mm
    Thickness: 11 mm
    Weight: 297 g
    Language
    English
    ISBN
    ISBN 13: 9780691114736
    ISBN 10: 0691114730
    Classifications

    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 15500
    BIC E4L: PHI
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: S2.1
    B&T Book Type: NF
    BISAC V2.8: PHI005000
    BIC subject category V2: HPQ
    DC21: 170
    LC subject heading:
    DC22: 170
    B&T General Subject: 610
    Ingram Subject Code: PH
    Libri: I-PH
    LC classification: BJ
    B&T Merchandise Category: UP
    LC subject heading:
    LC classification: 00048322
    Thema V1.0: QDTQ
    Illustrations note
    black & white illustrations
    Publisher
    Princeton University Press
    Imprint name
    Princeton University Press
    Publication date
    26 January 2003
    Publication City/Country
    New Jersey
    Author Information
    Judith Jarvis Thomson is Professor of Philosophy at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She is the author of "The Realm of Rights; Rights, Restitution, and Risk: Essays in Moral Theory"; and "Acts and Other Events". She coauthored "Moral Relativism and Moral Objectivity" and edited "On Being and Saying: Essays for Richard Cartwright".
    Review quote
    "A highly civilized, lively and provocative exchange between interesting people of diverse backgrounds and positions... A very fine example of a first-rate mind taking great pains to deal carefully, clearly and methodically with perennial problems of the utmost significance."--Saul Smilansky, Times Literary Supplement "As always, Thomson's writing is clear, crisp, and direct."--Choice
    Back cover copy
    "Contemporary moral philosophy at its best. Thomson's ground plan shows what conditions must be met by any adequate ethical theory. Her arguments are cogent, concise, and uncluttered by literary flourishes."--Mary Mothersill, Columbia University"The main value of these lectures lies in the way Thomson develops moral theory beyond her earlier publications. Her style has always been quite distinctive, and I find it a pleasure to read."--Gilbert Harman, author of "Thought"
    Table of contents
    INTRODUCTION Amy Gutmann vii GOODNESS AND ADVICE Judith Jarvis Thomson Part One: Goodness 3 Part Two: Advice 43 COMMENTS Philip Fisher 85 Martha C. Nussbaum 97 F. B. Schneewind 126 Barbara Herrnstein Smith 132 REPLY TO COMMENTATORS Judith Jarvis Thomson 147 CONTRIBUTORS 181 INDEX 183