Global Pharmaceuticals

Global Pharmaceuticals : Ethics, Markets, Practices

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Description

In some parts of the world spending on pharmaceuticals is astronomical. In others people do not have access to basic or life-saving drugs. Individuals struggle to afford medications; whole populations are neglected, considered too poor to constitute profitable markets for the development and distribution of necessary drugs. The ethnographies brought together in this timely collection analyze both the dynamics of the burgeoning international pharmaceutical trade and the global inequalities that emerge from and are reinforced by market-driven medicine. They demonstrate that questions about who will be treated and who will not filter through every phase of pharmaceutical production, from preclinical research to human testing, marketing, distribution, prescription, and consumption. Whether considering how American drug companies seek to create a market for antidepressants in Japan, how Brazil has created a model HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment program, or how the urban poor in Delhi understand and access healthcare, these essays illuminate the roles of corporations, governments, NGOs, and individuals in relation to global pharmaceuticals. Some essays show how individual and communal identities are affected by the marketing and availability of medications. Among these are an exploration of how the pharmaceutical industry shapes popular and expert understandings of mental illness in North America and Great Britain. There is also an examination of the agonizing choices facing Ugandan families trying to finance AIDS treatment. Several essays explore the inner workings of the emerging international pharmaceutical regime. One looks at the expanding quest for clinical research subjects; another at the entwining of science and business interests in the Argentine market for psychotropic medications. By bringing the moral calculations involved in the production and distribution of pharmaceuticals into stark relief, this collection charts urgent new territory for social scientific research. Contributors. Kalman Applbaum, Joao Biehl, Ranendra K. Das, Veena Das, David Healy, Arthur Kleinman, Betty Kyaddondo, Andrew Lakoff, Anne Lovell, Lotte Meinert, Adriana Petryna, Michael A. Whyte, Susan Reynolds Whyte

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Product details

  • Paperback | 301 pages
  • 154.9 x 226.1 x 25.4mm | 430.92g
  • Duke University Press
  • North Carolina, United States
  • English
  • 5 tables, 5 figures
  • 082233741X
  • 9780822337416
  • 417,284

Review quote

"Covering an extremely timely topic, Global Pharmaceuticals is a strong and innovative volume with substantial field-based insider knowledge of how pharmaceuticals actually attach themselves to and transform local social relations."-Rayna Rapp, author of Testing Women, Testing the Fetus "Hundreds of millions of people around the world are denied access to desperately needed medications. Eliminating the inequalities of the current system of drug production and distribution requires a deep and nuanced understanding of that system. By offering ethnographically grounded investigations of the dynamics of the global pharmaceutical industry, this volume advances significantly an urgent research agenda."-Dr. Jim Yong Kim, Director, Department of HIV/AIDS, World Health Organization "This collection of brilliantly incisive essays gives us the necessary standpoint from which to view the increasing global circulation of pharmaceuticals, the spreading influence of 'Big Pharma,' and the growing use of medication to shape identities in a neoliberal world order. It is a work of superior, innovative scholarship, addressing issues of major contemporary significance."-Warwick Anderson, author of The Cultivation of Whiteness: Science, Health, and Racial Destiny in Australia "This volume contributes to the literature of pharmaceutical anthropology, reinforcing a portrait of the pharmaceutical industry as a business that is concentrated in a handful of large commercial entities that invest heavily in research and marketing... The individual chapters are strong scholarly, and primarily anthropological contributions. I recommend the book for libraries and for academics and other professionals." -- Nina L. Etkin, American Anthropologist

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Back cover copy

"Covering an extremely timely topic, "Global Pharmaceuticals" is a strong and innovative volume with substantial field-based insider knowledge of how pharmaceuticals actually attach themselves to and transform local social relations."--Rayna Rapp, author of "Testing Women, Testing the Fetus"

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About Adriana Petryna

Adriana Petryna is Associate Professor of Anthropology and Associate Fellow, Center for Bioethics, University of Pennsylvania. She is the author of Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl. Andrew Lakoff is Assistant Professor of Sociology and Science Studies at the University of California, San Diego. He is the author of Pharmaceutical Reason: Knowledge and Value in Global Psychiatry. Arthur Kleinman is the Esther and Sidney Rabb Professor and Chair of Anthropology, Professor of Medical Anthropology, and Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard University. Among his books are Writing at the Margin: Discourse between Anthropology and Medicine and The Illness Narratives: Suffering, Healing, and the Human Condition.

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Table of contents

Acknowledgments vii The Pharmaceutical Nexus / Adriana Petryna and Arthur Kleinman 1 Globalizing Human Subjects Research / Adriana Petryna 33 The New Medical Oikumene / David Healy 61 Educating for Global Mental Health: The Adoption of SSRIs in Japan / Kalman Applbaum 85 High Contact: Gifts and Surveillance in Argentina / Andrew Lakoff 111 Addiction Markets: The Case of High-Dose Buprenorphine in France / Anne M. Lovell 136 Pharmaceuticals in Urban Ecologies: The Register of the Local / Veena Das and Ranendra K. Das 171 Pharmaceutical Governance / Joao Biehl 206 Treating AIDS: Dilemmas of Unequal Access in Uganda / Susan Reynolds Whyte, Michael A. Whyte, Lotte Meinert, and Betty Kyaddondo 240 References 263 Contributors 289 Index 291

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