- Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Format: Paperback | 246 pages
- Dimensions: 152mm x 224mm x 18mm | 340g
- Publication date: 29 February 2008
- Publication City/Country: Cambridge
- ISBN 10: 052172158X
- ISBN 13: 9780521721585
- Illustrations note: black & white illustrations
- Sales rank: 1,625,602
Illuminates the distinctive character of our modern understanding of the basis and value of free speech by contrasting it with the very different form of free speech that was practised by the ancient Athenians in their democratic regime. Free speech in the ancient democracy was not a protected right but an expression of the freedom from hierarchy, awe, reverence and shame. It was thus an essential ingredient of the egalitarianism of that regime. That freedom was challenged by the consequences of the rejection of shame (aidos) which had served as a cohesive force within the polity. Through readings of Socrates's trial, Greek tragedy and comedy, Thucydides's History, and Plato's Protagoras this volume explores the paradoxical connections between free speech, democracy, shame, and Socratic philosophy and Thucydidean history as practices of uncovering.
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Arlene W. Saxonhouse is Professor of Political Science and Women's Studies at the University of Michigan. She is the author of Athenian Democracy: Modern Mythmakers and Ancient Theorists (1996), Fear of Diversity: The Birth of Political Science in Ancient Greek Thought (1992), Women in the History of Political Thought: Ancient Greece to Machiavelli (1985) and editor with Noel B. Reynolds of Hobbes's Three Discourses: A Modern, Critical Edition of Newly Identified Works by the Young Thomas Hobbes (1995). She has been a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford and the University Center for Human Values at Princeton University. She has received fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities. She served as a Phi Beta Kappa Visiting Scholar during the 2001-02 academic year and is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1998 she received the Distinguished Faculty Achievement Award from the University of Michigan. She was chair of the Political Science Department at the University of Michigan from 1990-93.
'... Free Speech and Democracy in Ancient Athens is an invigorating work that will be of interest to both classicists and political scientists/theorists alike.' Bryn Mawr Classical Review
Table of contents
Prologue: four stories; Part I. Introduction: 1. The legacy of free speech; 2. Democratic amnesia; Part II. Aidos: 3. The tale of two gyges: shame, community, and the public/private self; Part III. Parrhesia: The Practice of Free Speech in Ancient Athens: 4. The practice of free speech; 5. The trial of Socrates; Part IV. The Limits of Free Speech: 6. Truth and tragedy; 7. Thucydides's Assemblies; 8. Protagoras's shame and Socrates's speech; Conclusion: four paradoxes.