Foundation Papers in Landscape Ecology

Foundation Papers in Landscape Ecology

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Description

Landscape ecology focuses on spatial heterogeneity, or the idea that where things are and where they are in relation to other things can have important consequences for a wide range of phenomena. Landscape ecology integrates humans with natural ecosystems and brings a spatial perspective to such fields as natural resource management, conservation, and urban planning. The thirty-seven papers included in this volume present the origins and development of landscape ecology and encompass a variety of perspectives, approaches, and geographies. The editors begin with articles that illuminate the discipline's diverse scientific foundations, such as L. S. Berg's keystone paper outlining a geoecological analysis based on soil science, physical geography, and geology. Next they include selections exemplifying landscape ecologists' growing awareness of spatial pattern, the different ways they incorporated scale into their work, the progression of landscape ecology from a qualitative to a quantitative discipline, and how concepts from landscape ecology have come to permeate ecological research and influence land-use policy, conservation practices, landscape architecture, and geography. Together these articles provide a solid introduction to what is now widely recognized as an important area of research and application that encourages new ways of thinking about natural and human-dominated ecosystemsshow more

Product details

  • Paperback | 608 pages
  • 154.9 x 236.2 x 33mm | 816.48g
  • Columbia University Press
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • Illustrations, maps
  • 0231126816
  • 9780231126816
  • 953,017

Review quote

A valuable resource... [and] welcome addition to the literature in landscape ecology. -- William Z. Lidicjer Jr. Ecology A 'must have' for a landscape ecologist. -- Lisa A. Schulte Landscape Ecology An excellent collection of foundation papers... suitable as a textbook or reference book. Northeastern Naturalistshow more

About John A. Wiens

John Wiens is lead scientist at The Nature Conservancy. He was previously affiliated with Colorado State University, where he was a professor of ecology and University Distinguished Professor. He is among the editors of Issues and Perspectives in Landscape Ecology (Cambridge, 2005) and has written some 200 scientific papers. David Mladenoff is a professor of forest ecology and management at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. His book Spatial Modeling of Forest Landscape Change: Approaches and Applications was published by Cambridge University Press (1999), and he has received awards for several of his landscape ecology papers. Michael Moss is associate dean of environmental sciences and professor of geography at the University of Guelph, Canada. He is currently secretary-general of the International Association for Landscape Ecology. He has coedited two volumes. Monica Turner is professor of zoology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. She is the editor of the journal Ecosystems and of a book, Quantitative Methods in Landscape Ecology (1994). She also coauthored a major text in landscape ecology, Landscape Ecology in Theory and Practice (Springer-Verlag, 2001).show more

Table of contents

IntroductionPart I. The Early Antecedents of Landscape EcologyIntroduction and Review1. L. S. Berg (1915): The Objectives and Tasks of Geography2. N. A. Solnetsev (1948): The Natural Geographic Landscape and Some of Its General Rules3. C. S. Christian (1958): The Concept of Land Units and Land Systems4. C. O. Sauer (1925): The Morphology of Landscape5. C. Troll (1950): The Geographic Landscape and Its Investigation6. A. S. Watt (1947): Pattern and Process in the Plant CommunityPart II. The Causes and Consequences of Spatial PatternIntroduction and Review7. J. T. Curtis (1956): The Modifi cation of Mid-Latitude Grasslands and Forests by Man8. H. E. Wright, Jr. (1974): Landscape Development, Forest Fires, and Wilderness Management9. S. A. Levin and R. T. Paine (1974): Disturbance, Patch Formation, and Community Structure10. R. Levins (1969): Some Demographic and Genetic Consequences of Environmental Heterogeneity for Biological Control11. J. A. Wiens (1976): Population Responses to Patchy Environments12. S. T. A. Pickett and J. N. Thompson (1978): Patch Dynamics and the Design of Nature Reserves13. F. H. Bormann, G. E. Likens, D. W. Fisher, and R. S. Pierce (1968): Nutrient Loss Accelerated by Clear-Cutting of a Forest EcosystemPart III. The Emergence of Multiple Concepts of What Landscape Ecology Is AboutIntroduction and Review14. E. Neef (1967): The Theoretical Foundations of Landscape Study (Die theoretischen Grundlagen der Landschaftslehre)15. R. T. T. Forman and M. Godron (1981): Patches and Structural Components for a Landscape Ecology16. P. G. Risser, J. R. Karr, and R. T. T. Forman (1983): Landscape Ecology: Directions and Approaches17. D. L. Urban, R. V. O'Neill, and H. H. Shugart, Jr. (1987): Landscape Ecology: A Hierarchical Perspective Can Help Scientists Understand Spatial PatternsZ. Naveh (1988): Biocybernetic Perspectives of Landscape Ecology and ManagementPart IV. The Central Role of ScaleIntroduction and Review19. J. A. Wiens (1989): Spatial Scaling in Ecology20. J. F. Addicott, J. M. Aho, M. F. Antolin, D. K. Padilla, J. S. Richardson, and D. A. Soluk (1987): Ecological Neighborhoods: Scaling Environmental Patterns21. R. V. O'Neill (1989): Transmutations Across Hierarchical Levels22. V. Meentemeyer (1989): Geographical Perspectives of Space, Time, and Scale23. W. H. Romme and D. H. Knight (1982): Landscape Diversity: The Concept Applied to Yellowstone Park24. G. B. M. Pedroli and G. J. Borger (1990): Historical Land Use and Hydrology: A Case from Eastern Noord-Brabant25. H. R. Delcourt and P. A. Delcourt (1988): Quaternary Landscape Ecology: Relevant Scales in Space and TimePart V. The Analysis of Landscape PatternsIntroduction and Review26. P. Legendre and M.-J. Fortin (1989): Spatial Pattern and Ecological Analysis27. P. A. Burrough (1981): Fractal Dimensions of Landscapes and Other Environmental DataPart VI. Linking Models with Empiricism: Landscape Boundaries and ConnectivityIntroduction and Review28. L. P. Lefkovitch and L. Fahrig (1985): Spatial Characteristics of Habitat Patches and Population Survival29. J. F. Franklin and R. T. T. Forman (1987): Creating Landscape Patterns by Forest Cutting: Ecological Consequences and Principles30. H. R. Pulliam (1988): Sources, Sinks, and Population Regulation31. R. Costanza, F. H. Sklar, and M. L. White (1990): Modeling Coastal Landscape Dynamics32. J. F. Wegner and G. Merriam (1979): Movements by Birds and Small Mammals Between a Wood and Adjoining Farmland Habitats33. L. Hansson (1983): Bird Numbers Across Edges Between Mature Conifer Forest and Clearcuts in Central Sweden34. P. Opdam, G. Rijsdijk, and F. Hustings (1985): Bird Communities in Small Woods in an Agricultural Landscape: Effects of Area and Isolation35. W. T. Peterjohn and D. L. Correll (1984): Nutrient Dynamics in an Agricultural Watershed: Observations on the Role of a Riparian Forest36. R. J. Naiman, H. D camps, J. Pastor, and C. A. Johnston (1988): The Potential Importance of Boundaries to Fluvial EcosystemsPart VII. SynthesisIntroduction and Review37. M. G. Turner (1989): Landscape Ecology: The Effect of Pattern on Processshow more