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    First-Order Logic (Dover Books on Mathematics) (Paperback) By (author) Raymond M. Smullyan

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    DescriptionThis self-contained study is both an introduction to quantification theory and an exposition of new results and techniques in ""analytic"" or ""cut free"" methods. The focus is on the tableau point of view. Includes 144 illustrations.


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    Title
    First-Order Logic
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Raymond M. Smullyan
    Physical properties
    Format: Paperback
    Number of pages: 176
    Width: 137 mm
    Height: 214 mm
    Thickness: 10 mm
    Weight: 186 g
    Language
    English
    ISBN
    ISBN 13: 9780486683706
    ISBN 10: 0486683702
    Classifications

    BIC E4L: MAT
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: S7.8
    B&T Book Type: NF
    BIC subject category V2: PBCD
    DC20: 511.3
    B&T Merchandise Category: SCI
    B&T General Subject: 710
    Ingram Subject Code: MA
    Libri: I-MA
    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 26220
    DC22: 511.3
    LC subject heading:
    BISAC V2.8: MAT018000
    LC subject heading:
    LC classification: QA9.S57 19, QA9 .S57 1995
    Thema V1.0: PBCD
    Illustrations note
    144ill.
    Publisher
    Dover Publications Inc.
    Imprint name
    Dover Publications Inc.
    Publication date
    01 April 1995
    Publication City/Country
    New York
    Author Information
    Born in New York City in 1919, Raymond Smullyan is a philosopher and magician as well as a famous mathematician and logician. His career as a stage magician financed his undergraduate studies at the University of Chicago as well his doctoral work at Princeton. The author of several imaginative books on recreational mathematics, Smullyan is also a classical pianist.Raymond Smullyan: The Merry Prankster Raymond Smullyan (1919- ), mathematician, logician, magician, creator of extraordinary puzzles, philosopher, pianist, and man of many parts. The first Dover book by Raymond Smullyan was "First-Order Logic" (1995). Recent years have brought a number of his magical books of logic and math puzzles: "The Lady or the Tiger" (2009); "Satan, Cantor and Infinity" (2009); an original, never-before-published collection, "King Arthur in Search of His Dog and Other Curious Puzzles" (2010); and "Set Theory and the Continuum Problem" (with Melvin Fitting, also reprinted by Dover in 2010). More will be coming in subsequent years. In the Author's Own Words: "Recently, someone asked me if I believed in astrology. He seemed somewhat puzzled when I explained that the reason I don't is that I'm a Gemini." "Some people are always critical of vague statements. I tend rather to be critical of precise statements: they are the only ones which can correctly be labeled 'wrong.'" -- Raymond Smullyan Critical Acclaim for "The Lady or the Tiger" "Another scintillating collection of brilliant problems and paradoxes by the most entertaining logician and set theorist who ever lived." -- Martin Gardner
    Table of contents
    Part I. Propositional Logic from the Viewpoint of Analytic Tableaux   Chapter I. Preliminaries     0. Foreword on Trees     1. Formulas of Propositional Logic     2. Boolean Valuations and Truth Sets   Chapter II. Analytic Tableaux     1. The Method of Tableaux     2. Consistency and Completeness of the System   Chapter III. Compactness     1. Analytic Proofs of the Compactness Theorem     2. Maximal Consistency: Lindenbaum's Construction     3. An Analytic Modification of Lindenbaum's Proof     4. The Compactness Theorem for Deducibility Part II. First-Order Logic   Chapter IV. First-Order Logic. Preliminaries     1. Formulas of Quantification Theory     2. First-Order Valuations and Models     3. Boolean Valuations vs. First-Order Valuations   Chapter V. First-Order Analytic Tableaux     1. Extension of Our Unified Notation     2. Analytic Tableaux for Quantification Theory     3. The Completeness Theorem     4. The Skolem-Löwenheim and Compactness Theorems for First-Order Logic   Chapter VI. A Unifying Principle     1. Analytic Consistency     2. Further Discussion of Analytic Consistency     3. Analytic Consistency Properties for Finite Sets   Chapter VII. The Fundamental Theorem of Quantification Theory     1. Regular Sets     2. The Fundamental Theorem     3. Analytic Tableaux and Regular Sets     4. The Liberalized Rule D   Chapter VIII. Axiom Systems for Quantification Theory     0. Foreword on Axiom Systems     1. The System Q subscript 1     2. The Systems Q subscript 2, Q* subscript 2   Chapter IX. Magic Sets     1. Magic Sets     2. Applications of Magic Sets   Chapter X. Analytic versus Synthetic Consistency Properties     1. Synthetic Consistency Properties     2. A More Direct Construction Part III. Further Topics in First-Order Logic   Chapter XI. Gentzen Systems     1. Gentzen Systems for Propositional Logic     2. Block Tableaux and Gentzen Systems for First-Order Logic   Chapter XII. Elimination Theorems     1. Gentzen's Hauptsatz     2. An Abstract Form of the Hauptsatz     3. Some Applications of the Hauptsatz   Chapter XIII. Prenex Tableaux     1. Prenex Formulas     2. Prenex Tableaux   Chapter XIV. More on Gentzen Systems     1. Gentzen's Extended Hauptsatz     2. A New Form of the Extended Hauptsatz     3. Symmetric Gentzen Systems   Chapter XV. Craig's Interpolation Lemma and Beth's Definability Theorem     1. Craig's Interpolation Lemma     2. Beth's Definability Theorem   Chapter XVI. Symmetric Completeness Theorems     1. Clashing Tableaux     2. Clashing Prenex Tableaux     3. A Symmetric Form of the Fundamental Theorem   Chapter XVII. Systems of Linear Reasoning     1. Configurations     2. Linear Reasoning     3. Linear Reasoning for Prenex Formulas     4. A System Based on the Strong Symmetric Form of the Fundamental Theorem References; Subject index