Extremism and the Psychology of Uncertainty

Extremism and the Psychology of Uncertainty

Hardback Claremont Symposium on Applied Social Psychology (Hardcover)

Edited by Michael A. Hogg, Edited by Danielle L. Blaylock

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  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell (an imprint of John Wiley & Sons Ltd)
  • Format: Hardback | 328 pages
  • Dimensions: 156mm x 232mm x 20mm | 540g
  • Publication date: 20 December 2011
  • Publication City/Country: Chicester
  • ISBN 10: 1444331280
  • ISBN 13: 9781444331288
  • Sales rank: 1,873,805

Product description

Extremism and the Psychology of Uncertainty showcases cutting-edge scientific research on the extent to which uncertainty may lead to extremism. Contributions come from leading international scholars who focus on a wide variety of forms, facets and manifestations of extremist behavior. * Systematically integrates and explores the growing diversity of social psychological perspectives on the uncertainty extremism relationship * Showcases contemporary cutting edge scientific research from leading international scholars * Offers a broad perspective on extremism and focuses on a wide variety of different forms, facets and manifestations * Accessible to social and behavioral scientists, policy makers and those with a genuine interest in understanding the psychology of extremism

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Author information

Danielle Blaylock is a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at Queen's University, Belfast, and the University of St. Andrew's. She is the Managing Editor of the Encyclopaedia of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, edited by John Levine and Michael Hogg; and the Encyclopaedia of Identity, edited by Ronald Jackson II. Michael Hogg is Professor of Social Psychology at Claremont Graduate University, a Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science, and Foundation Editor of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. His books include Leadership and Power (2005) with van Knippenberg, The Social Psychology of Inclusion and Exclusion (2005) with Abrams and Marques, the Encyclopaedia of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations (2010) with Levine.

Back cover copy

In the modern world, extremism is a highly topical and rapidly growing field of scholarship and inquiry. Fundamentalist religions and radical political ideologies spread hatred and sponsor terror; cults prey on the vulnerable; pained adolescents wreak havoc on society; ethnic and cultural groups dehumanize others to the point of genocide. Understanding the social conditions and individual psychologies that facilitate these behaviours is one of humanity's greatest challenges. The lack of stability that surrounds us - from economic crises to national conflicts to natural disasters- plays a definite role in promoting extremist behavior. "Extremism and the Psychology of Uncertainty" presents the most cutting edge scientific research on the relationship between uncertainty and extremism. Contributions from leading scholars in social psychology, developmental psychology, health psychology, social neuroscience, political psychology, leadership, and religion offer illuminating insights into the links between these phenomena. Accessible and thought-provoking, "Extremism and the Psychology of Uncertainty" adds immeasurably to our understanding of the psychology behind a reality of everyday life in the twenty-first century.

Table of contents

Notes on Contributors vii Preface: From Uncertainty to Extremism xv Michael A. Hogg and Danielle L. Blaylock Part I: Theories and Concepts 1 1 The Need for Certainty as a Psychological Nexus forIndividuals and Society 3 Arie W. Kruglanski and Edward Orehek 2 Self-Uncertainty, Social Identity, and the Solace of Extremism19 Michael A. Hogg 3 Extremism Is Normal: The Roles of Deviance and Uncertainty inShaping Groups and Society 36 Dominic Abrams 4 The Psychology of the Absurd: How Existentialists Addressed(and Succumbed to) Extremist Beliefs 55 Travis Proulx 5 Radical Worldview Defense in Reaction to Personal Uncertainty71 Kees van den Bos and Annemarie Loseman 6 The Uncertainty-Threat Model of Political Conservatism90 John T. Jost and Jaime L. Napier Part II: Individuals and Groups 113 7 Dying to Be Popular: A Purposive Explanation of AdolescentWillingness to Endure Harm 115 Jason T. Siegel, William D. Crano, Eusebio M. Alvaro, AndrewLac, David Rast, and Vanessa Kettering 8 The Extremism of Everyday Life: Fetishism as a Defense againstExistential Uncertainty 131 Mark J. Landau, Zachary K. Rothschild, and DanielSullivan 9 Religious Zeal after Goal Frustration 147 Ian McGregor, Kyle A. Nash, and Mike Prentice 10 Dehumanization, Demonization, and Morality Shifting: Paths toMoral Certainty in Extremist Violence 165 Roger Giner-Sorolla, Bernhard Leidner, and EmanueleCastano 11 Light from Dark: Uncertainty and Extreme Positive Acts Towardthe "Other" 183 Todd L. Pittinsky Part III: Groups and Society 195 12 Uncertainty, Insecurity, and Ideological Defense of theStatus Quo: The Extremitizing Role of Political Expertise 197 Christopher M. Federico and Grace M. Deason 13 Authoritarianism, Need for Closure, and Conditions of Threat212 Jennifer L. Merolla, Jennifer M. Ramos, and Elizabeth J.Zechmeister 14 Constructing Extremism: Uncertainty Provocation and Reductionby Extremist Leaders 228 Viviane Seyranian 15 Collective Uncertainty and Extremism: A Further Discussion onthe Collective Roots of Subjective Experience 246 Fathali M. Moghaddam and Karen Love 16 Uncertainty, and the Roots and Prevention of Genocide andTerrorism 263 Ervin Staub Index 281