Exploring the Humanities: Combined

Exploring the Humanities: Combined

Mixed media product

By (author) Laurence King Publishing, By (author) Laurie Adams

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  • Publisher: Prentice-Hall
  • Format: Mixed media product | 650 pages
  • Dimensions: 211mm x 279mm x 31mm | 2,155g
  • Publication date: 27 December 2005
  • Publication City/Country: Harlow
  • ISBN 10: 0130490911
  • ISBN 13: 9780130490919
  • Edition statement: Combined

Product description

For undergraduate courses in Introduction to the Humanities. This text ignites students' passion to know more-and think more about the influence of the humanities on their own lives with a clear, engaging writing style, striking layout, and beautiful full-color reproductions. The first introduction to humanities text in years, Laurie Schneider Adams set out to write the most coherent, straight-forward and accessible text for students and the best supported text for instructors. Combining her gift for writing clearly and succinctly with a breath-taking design, she makes the humanities come alive for the average freshman, who may or may not pursue a liberal arts degree.

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Table of contents

CHAPTER 1: PREHISTORY Key Topics Introduction Society and Culture: The Dating System Used in this Text Time Chart Human Origins: From Myth to Science Creation Stories Darwin and the Theory of Evolution The Nature of Prehistory Society and Culture: The Study of Human Prehistory Society and Culture: Dating Prehistory Society and Culture: Major Periods of Human Evolution Defining Moment: Bipedalism Society and Culture: Important Developmental Steps in Early Human History What Makes Us Human Symbolic Thinking Creative Arts Shamanism The Upper (Late) Paleolithic Era in Western Europe: c. 45,000-c. 10,000/8000 B.C. Mesolithic to Neolithic in Western Europe: c. 10,000/8000-6000/4000 B.C. The Neolithic Era: c. 6000/4000-c. 1500 B.C. Stonehenge Thematic Parallels: Shamanism in Non-Western Imagery Australian Dreaming Shamanistic Imagery in Africa The Anishnabe Drum Key Terms Key Questions Suggested Reading Suggested Films CHAPTER 2: THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST Key Topics Introduction Time Chart The Fertile Crescent Urbanization and Architecture Society and Culture: The Mesopotamian Cosmos Society and Culture: Abikhil, a Temple Superintendent Defining Moment: Urbanization in Mesopotamia The Development of Writing Pictographs, Cuneiform, and the Cylinder Seal Cross-cultural Influences: Indus Valley Civilization The First Epic Poem Society and Culture: Language Groups Society and Culture: Dreams and Medicine in the Ancient Near East Mesopotamian Kingship and the Arts Music and Ritual at the Mesopotamian Courts Naram-Sin and the Imagery of Conquest Gudea of Lagash: Piety and Temple-building Hammurabi of Babylon: The Lawgiver Assurbanipal: Assyrian Might The Achaemenids and the Royal Palace at Persepolis Zoroastrianism: A New Religion Mesopotamia and the Hebrews Early History Thematic Parallels: Kingship and "Heads" of State The Colossal Heads of the Olmec: 1200-400 B.C. The Cambodian Devaraja: Twelfth to Thirteenth Century A.D. Henry VIII: Sixteenth-Century England Africa-the Head and the Crown: Nineteenth to Twentieth Century Key Terms Key Questions Suggested Reading Suggested Films CHAPTER 3: ANCIENT EGYPT Key Topics Introduction Time Chart The Nile The Pharaohs The Pharaoh and the Egyptian Concept of Time Defining Moment: Egyptians and the Solar Calendar Religion Society and Culture: Principal Deities of Ancient Egypt The Osiris Myth Society and Culture: Hieroglyphs and Egyptian Literature Hymns to the Nile Hymns to the Sun The Egyptian View of Death Old Kingdom Egypt: c. 2649-2100 B.C. The Pyramid Complex at Giza The Seated Statue of Khafre and the Egyptian Proportional System The Menkaure Triad The Egyptian Scribe Music in Ancient Egypt Egyptian Society Society and Culture: Egyptian Medicine and Dream Books Female Pharaohs Society and Culture: Egyptian Jewelry Middle Kingdom Egypt: c. 1991-1700 B.C. Sculpture and Architecture New Kingdom Egypt: c. 1550-1070 B.C. Temples The Amarna Revolution: c. 1349-1336 B.C. The Tomb of Tutankhamon Key Terms Key Questions Suggested Reading Suggested Films CHAPTER 4: THE AEGEAN WORLD Key Topics Introduction Time Chart Who Were the Minoans? Society and Culture: The Labyrinth in Myth Minoan Religion The Hagia Triada Sarcophagus Music and Ritual Thera Defining Moment: The Eruption of Thera and Plato's Lost Atlantis Mycenae and the Homeric Heroes Homer's Iliad Homeric Literary Devices Mycenaean Art and Architecture Agamemnon and the Oresteia of Aeschlyus Society and Culture: Women, Family, and the Rules of Marriage in the Homeric Age Homer's Odyssey Society and Culture: The Cyclopes and Cyclopaean Masonry The "Dark" Age: c. 1150-900 B.C. Key Terms Key Questions Suggested Reading Suggested Films CHAPTER 5: THE EMERGENCE OF HISTORICAL GREECE Key Topics Introduction Time Chart The Greek Polis Ancient Greek Religion Hesiod's Theogony Society and Culture: The Greek Gods and the Nine Muses Greek Goddesses and Gods Pandora's "Box" and Hesiod on Women The Oracle The Geometric Period: c. 1000-700 B.C. Pottery, Painting, and Sculpture The Olympic Games The Orientalizing Period: c. 700-600 B.C. Pottery and Painting War, Music, and the Chigi Vase Defining Moment: The Greek Phalanx The Archaic Period: c. 600-490 B.C. Athens and Sparta Athenian Lawgivers: Draco and Solon Women in Athens Sparta Art and Architecture in the Archaic Period Vase Painting Society and Culture: The Gorgon Sculpture Society and Culture: Archaic Greek Dress Architecture The Temple of Aphaia at Aegina Philosophy: Pre-Socratics of the Archaic Period Pythagoras Lyric Poetry Anacreon Society and Culture: The Greek Symposium Sappho Society and Culture: Homosexuality in Ancient Greece The Close of the Archaic Period Thematic Parallels: Sun Tzu and The Art of War Key Terms Key Questions Suggested Reading Suggested Films CHAPTER 6: ANCIENT GREECE-CLASSICAL TO HELLENISTIC Key Topics Introduction Time Chart Herodotus: The "Father of History" Athens Political Developments from the Late Archaic to the Early Classical Period: c. 500-450 B.C. The Early Classical Period: c. 480-450 B.C. Sculpture Philosophers on the Real and the Ideal: Parmenides and Zeno Poetry: Pindar on Athletes The High Classical Period: 450-400 B.C. The Parthenon The Sculptural Program of the Parthenon The Temple of Athena Nike The Erechtheum Classical Painting and Sculpture Unrelated to the Acropolis Classical Philosophy Protagoras Empedocles Democritus Socrates and Plato The Republic Medicine Hippocrates Society and Culture: A Greek Dinner Party: The Symposium Music Greek Theater The Tragic Playwrights Aeschylus Sophocles Euripides Comedy Aristophanes The Peloponnesian War: 431-404 B.C. Defining Moment: The Classical Ideal and Its Decline-the Peloponnesian War The Late Classical Period: c. 400-323 B.C. Society and Culture: The Myth of Alexander's Birth Society and Culture: Warfare Technology and Science Cross-cultural Influences: Hellenism and the Far East Siddhartha and the Origins of Buddhism Gandharan and Mathuran Sculpture Aristotle Painting and Sculpture The Hellenistic World: 323 to First Century B.C. Mystery Cults Philosophy in the Hellenistic Period Hellenistic Poetry Developments in Artistic Style Key Terms Key Questions Suggested Reading Suggested Films CHAPTER 7: ANCIENT ROME Key Topics Introduction Time Chart Myths of the Founding of Rome Virgil's Aeneid Romulus and Remus The Etruscans: Ninth Century to 509 B.C. Greece and the Etruscans Etruscan Women: The Envy of Athenian Women Etruscan Funerary Art The End of Etruscan Rule The Roman Republic: 509-27 B.C. Chronology and History The Punic Wars Julius Caesar Society and Culture: Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt Religion and Art Society and Culture: The Roman Gods Art and Architecture of Everyday Life Society and Culture: A Roman Bakery Wall-paintings A Musical Mosaic Philosophy: Lucretius Theater: Roman Comedy Rhetoric: Cicero The Poets The End of the Republic The Roman Empire: 27 B.C.-A.D. 476 Imperial Augustan Imagery Society and Culture: Roman and Greek Coinage Augustus as a Patron of Literature Painting in the Age of Augustus Art and Architecture after Augustus Society and Culture: Reign Dates of the Major Roman Emperors The Julio-Claudians The Flavians Society and Culture: The Flavian Coiffure Trajan: Optimus Princeps Hadrian: The Pantheon Marcus Aurelius: Emperor and Stoic Philosopher Roman Authors after Augustus History: Tacitus Biography: Suetonius Stoic Philosophy: Seneca Satire: Juvenal and Petronius The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Thematic Parallels: Deadly Games: Gladiators and Mesoamerican Ball-players Key Terms Key Questions Suggested Reading Suggested Films CHAPTER 8: PAGAN CULTS, JUDAISM, AND THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY Key Topics Introduction Time Chart Pagan Cults Mysteries Mithraism Neoplatonism The Israelites and Judaism Society and Culture: The Hebrew Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls History, Chronology, and Tradition Moses Society and Culture: The Ten Commandments Monarchy and Conflict The Second Temple Destroyed The Hebrew Bible as Literature Christianity: The Birth of Jesus through the Fourth Century Society and Culture: The New Testament Society and Culture: The Typological Reading of History Death and Resurrection Society and Culture: Principal Events in the Life of Jesus Baptism and the Eucharist The Mission of St. Paul Early Christianity in Rome Society and Culture: Women in the Bible The Role of Constantine Early Christian Art and Architecture Painting and Sculpture Architecture The Spread of Christianity The Arian Heresy Manichees, Bogomils, Cathars, and Albigensians Gnosticism The Beginnings of Monasticism Defining Moment: St. Anthony and the Beginnings of Monasticism in the West Christian Authors: The Four Doctors of the Church Music in the Early Church Key Terms Key Questions Suggested Reading Suggested Films CHAPTER 9: THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAM Key Topics Introduction Time Chart Ravenna Under Theodoric Boethius on Theology Boethius on Music Theodoric and the Visual Arts The Byzantine Empire: An Overview-Fourth to Thirteenth Century Society and Culture: Byzantine Scholarship, Ninth to Eleventh Century Justinian I Society and Culture: Theodora and the Court Society and Culture: Justinian and the Silk Routes The Barberini Ivory: An Image of Imperial Triumph Justinian's Law Code Defining Moment: The Code of Justinian The Arts in Ravenna Music in the Western and Eastern Churches Hagia Sophia Icons and the Monastery of St. Catherine The Eastern Orthodox Church The Iconoclastic Controversy The Persistence of Byzantine Style The Rise and Expansion of Islam: Seventh to Seventeenth Century The Life of Muhammad Sunnis and Shi'ites The Five Pillars of Islam The Qur'an (Koran) and the Hadith Islamic Art and Architecture The Dome of the Rock Mosques Tombs Secular Art Islamic Music Islamic Literature Islamic Science, Medicine, and Philosophy Scientists and Physicians Philosophers Key Terms Key Questions Suggested Reading Suggested Films CHAPTER 10: THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF ROMANESQUE: 565-1150 Key Topics Introduction Time Chart Monasteries in the Early Middle Ages Cross-cultural Influences: Monasticism Early Medieval Social Structure Feudalism Manorialism Germanic Tribes The Merovingian and Carolingian Dynasties Charlemagne and the "Carolingian Renaissance" Literary Epic: Song of Roland Charlemagne's Palace The Palace School Carolingian Manuscripts Music in the Carolingian Period Monasticism under Charlemagne Society and Culture: St. Benedict and the Benedictine Rule From the Carolingian to the Ottonian Period Theater in the Early Middle Ages Liturgy and Drama Non-Liturgical Drama: Hroswitha of Gandersheim Northern Europe: Britain, Ireland, Scandinavia, and Iceland Ireland and the Book of Kells Anglo-Saxon Metalwork and Literature Beowulf The Legend of King Arthur Society and Culture: The Legend of King Arthur through Time Society and Culture: Chivalry and Medieval Paradigms of Women The Vikings: Ninth to Twelfth Century Norse Mythology Dress and Chess Iceland and the Sagas: Ninth to Twelfth Century Romanesque on the European Continent in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries Society and Culture: Farming-New Technology and Inventions Romanesque Art and Architecture The Monastery at Cluny Society and Culture: The Pilgrimage Roads Monasticism and Women in the Arts Sainte Marie Madeleine at Vezelay Society and Culture: The Crusades The Bayeux Tapestry: Romanesque Narrative Thematic Parallels: Pilgrimage Key Terms Key Questions Suggested Reading Suggested Films CHAPTER 11: THE DEVELOPMENT AND EXPANSION OF GOTHIC: 1150-1300 Key Topics Introduction Time Chart The Economy, Politics, and Religion Monastic Developments in the Thirteenth Century St. Dominic Defining Moment: The Inquisition St. Francis of Assisi Women Monastics in the Thirteenth Century The Central Role of Paris Abbot Suger and St. Denis The Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris Building the Cathedral Sainte-Chapelle: The King's Chapel Music at the Cathedral School of Notre Dame The University of Paris Society and Culture: Medicine in the Middle Ages Scholasticism: Peter Abelard and Thomas Aquinas Society and Culture: Abelard and Heloise The Development of Gothic Style outside Paris The Central Portal of Chartres: A Vision of the End of Time The Cult of the Virgin Late Gothic: Cologne Cathedral Theater and Literature in the Gothic Period Dante and the Divine Comedy Dante and Beatrice The Poem The Circles of Hell Purgatory Paradise Society and Culture: Dante's Literary Legacy Thematic Parallels: Views of Paradise Key Terms Key Questions Suggested Reading Suggested Films CHAPTER 12: THE TRANSITION FROM GOTHIC TO EARLY RENAISSANCE: 1300-1450 Key Topics Introduction Time Chart The Late Middle Ages Society and Culture: The Wool Industry in Florence The Hundred Years War Society and Culture: Joan of Arc Conflict in the Church The Great Schism Philosophical Challenges to the Church The Black Death Defining Moment: Plague Devastates Europe Late Gothic Trends in Art The Iconography of Death The Iconography of Wealth Society and Culture: A Late Gothic Feast Society and Culture: Daily Life in the House of a Prosperous Merchant Theater in the Fourteenth Century Music Ars Nova Society and Culture: The Ordinary of the Mass Literature in England and France Geoffrey Chaucer Christine de Pisan Humanism in Italy Literature and Music Petrarch and Boccaccio The Visual Arts Painting: Cimabue and Giotto Petrarch and Boccacio on Giotto Giotto's Narrative Painting Painting in Siena Dominican Iconography and Scholastic Resistance to Humanism Key Terms Key Questions Suggested Reading Suggested Films CHAPTER 13: THE EARLY RENAISSANCE IN ITALY AND NORTHERN EUROPE Key Topics Introduction Time Chart The Expansion of Humanism Society and Culture: The Humanist Movement Advances in Technology Defining Moment: The Printing Press Arts and Sciences Exploration Florence in the Fifteenth Century Society and Culture: The Medici Family in the Fifteenth Century Humanism and the State The Platonic Academy Decorating the City The Competition of 1401 Brunelleschi's Dome Donatello's John the Evangelist Masaccio Society and Culture: Linear Perspective Alberti: A Renaissance Man Alberti's Architecture Medici Patronage Donatello's David Fra Angelico in San Marco Inside the Medici Palace Botticelli's Birth of Venus Architecture: Giuliano da Sangallo Music in Florence under the Medici Conservative Backlash: Antoninus and Savonarola The Arts Outside Florence Society and Culture: Women and their Education in Early Renaissance Italy The State Portrait The Equestrian Portrait The State Bedroom at Mantua Leonardo in Milan The Early Renaissance in the North Painting Graphic Art Music Guillaume Dufay Josquin Desprez Thematic Parallels: The Classical Tradition: Revival and Opposition Key Terms Key Questions Suggested Reading Suggested Films CHAPTER 14: THE HIGH RENAISSANCE IN ITALY AND EARLY MANNERISM Key Topics Introduction Time Chart Political and Economic Developments Society and Culture: Technology and the Inventions of Leonardo da Vinci Cross-cultural Influences: Exploration and Colonialism Florence in the High Renaissance Machiavelli Michelangelo's David Leonardo's Mona Lisa Leonardo on the Art of Painting versus Sculpture and Poetry Raphael High Renaissance Patronage in Rome A New Saint Peter's Raphael's School of Athens The Sistine Chapel Defining Moment: The Sistine Chapel Ceiling: Imagery for the Ages Michelangelo's Views on Art Venice in the High Renaissance The Aldine Press Venetian Painting Music in High Renaissance Venice The Gabrielis Literature and Theater Castiglione'sBook of the Courtier Ariosto's Orlando Furioso Theater in High Renaissance Italy: From Latin to the Vernacular Early Mannerism Painting Sculpture: Benvenuto Cellini Society and Culture: Cellini on the Casting of Perseus Architecture: Giulio Romano and Andrea Palladio Key Terms Key Questions Suggested Reading Suggested Films CHAPTER 15: REFORMATION AND REFORM IN SIXTEENTH-CENTURY EUROPE Introduction The Protestant Reformation Erasmus and Reform Martin Luther Defining Moment: Martin Luther's 95 Theses John Calvin Henry VIII and Reform in the English Church Society and Culture: The Six Wives of Henry VIIII Religious Conflict in France Rabelais Montaigne The Challenge of Science Society and Culture: Medicine in the Sixteenth Century Painting in the North Durer Grunewald Bosch Bruegel The Counter-Reformation The Council of Trent: 1545 to 1563 Monastic Reform The Inquisition Continuing Conflict The Impact of Catholic Reform on the Arts Veronese Tintoretto Vignola El Greco Music Elizabethan England Queen Elizabeth Society and Culture: John Knox on Female Rulers Music at the Elizabethan Court William Byrd Thomas Morley Thomas Weelkes Poetry and Theater Sidney and Spenser Marlowe Shakespeare The Globe Playhouse The Plays CHAPTER 16: ABSOLUTISM AND BAROQUE Introduction Politics and Religion The Thirty Year's War Eastern Europe: Peter the Great The "New World" Scientists Kepler Galileo Bacon, Harvey, Boyle, and Newton Society and Culture: Alchemy Defining Moment: Newton versus Leibniz Leeuwenhoek Philosophy Hobbes and Locke Grotius Descartes and Pascal Italy: Birthplace of the Baroque Architecture in Rome: Bernini and Borromini Sculpture: Bernini Painting Gaulli Caravaggio Society and Culture: Carvaggio: Artist and Criminal Gentilischi Baroque Music Seventeenth -century Spain Literature: Cervantes Painting: Velazquez Spanish Baroque Architecture in the New World Absolutism and the French Court The Arts under Louis XIV Versailles Literary Reflections of the French Court: Madame de Sevigne and Madame de Lafayette French Theater Corneille Racine Moliere Painting: Poussin and Lorrain Northern Europe Rubens The Marie de' Medici Cycle Painting in Holland Rembrandt Leyster Vermeer Music Bach Handel England From Divine Right to Constitutional Monarchy The Arts in England Christopher Wren: Saint Paul's Cathedral Literature: Milton and Donne Cross-Cultural Influences: Mughal Art and the Baroque Thematic Parallels: In Search of Outer Space CHAPTER 17: FROM ENLIGHTENMENT TO REVOLUTION IN THE 18TH CENTURY Politics and War The Enlightenment The Philosophes Diderot Voltaire Montesquieu Rousseau Philosophy in Germany: Leibniz and Kant Great Britain: Philosophy, Economics, and Politics Art in the Eighteenth Century France Watteau Boucher Labille-Guiard Rococo in Germany: The Wurzburg Residenz Great Britain: Rococo, Satire, and the Neoclassical Style Adam Hogarth Society and Culture: The Chamber Pot New Artistic Trends in the Eighteenth Century Chinoiserie Chardin and Bourgeois Style The Vogue for Classicism English Literature in the Eighteenth Century Poetry: Dryden and Pope Prose: Swift and Johnson Drama: Sheridan The Modern Novel Defoe Richardson Fielding Music in the Later Eighteenth Century The Musical Galant Society and Culture: Great Violin Makers of Italy: The Amati, Stradivari, and Guarneri Rameau and Gluck The Symphony Haydn Mozart Music and Social Dancing From Classical to Romantic: Beethoven Revolutions in America and France The American Revolution: 1776-1783 Society and Culture: Benjamin Franklin and Poor Richard "No Taxation without Representation" "The Shot Heard Around the World" War Defining Moment: The Declaration of Independence Toward a New Government: The Constitution and the Bill of Rights The Federal Style The French Revolution: 1788-1799 Phase One: 1789-1892 Phase Two: 1792-1795 Society and Culture: The Guillotine and the Sansons CHAPTER 18: THE EARLY NINETEENTH CENTURY AND THE ROMANTIC MOVEMENT Introduction Society and Culture: Revolutions in the New World France: After the Revolution Napoleon Bonaparte Neoclassical Style under Napoleon Restoration, Republic, and Empire The Romantic Movement in Western Europe Society and Culture: The Industrial Revolution and James Watt's Steam Engine Philosophy: Kant and Hegel Painting in Spain and France: Goya, Gericault, Delacroix, and Ingres Painting and Architecture in England The Romantic Landscape: Turner and Constable Gothic Revival Architecture Painting in Germany: Friedrich Romantic Literature in Europe Germany: Goethe France: de Stael, Chateaubriand, Hugo, and Sand English Romantic Poets Blake Wordsworth and Coleridge Defining Moment: The Romantic Lyrical Ballads of Wordsworth and Coleridge, 1798 Byron, Shelley, and Keats The English Novel in the Early Nineteenth Century The Romantic Movement in America Transcendentalists Alcott and Fuller Emerson and Thoreau Novelists Poets Landscape Painting: Romantic Visions Romantic Music Beethoven Schumann and Brahms Mendelssohn German Opera: Wagner Schubert's Song Cycles Nationalism in Music: Chopin, Liszt, and Dvorak Berlioz Verdi's Operas Music at the Turn of the Century Tchaikovsky and Mussorgsky Grieg Sibelius Puccini CHAPTER 19: NINETEENTH-CENTURY REALISM, INDUSTRY, AND SOCIAL CHANGE Introduction Political Developments The Industrial Revolution: Technology and Invention Science Defining Moment: Louis Pasteur - the Germ Theory of Disease Society and Culture: The Interpretation of Dreams and the Oedipus Complex Economic and Social Philosophy Bentham, Mill, and the Utopians Marxism Philosophy and Malaise Literature in Europe France Balzac Flaubert Zola Society and Culture: The Dreyfus Affair De Maupassant England Trollope Dickens Eliot Gaskell Butler Russia Tolstoy Dostoyevsky Realist Theater Ibsen Strindberg Chekhov Realism in Music Realism in the Visual Arts Courbet Bonheur Daumier Manet England: The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood Photography Developments in the United States Manifest Destiny Conflict Between Whites and Native Americans Civil War: 1861-1865 Abolitionists War Breaks Out Society and Culture: Abraham Lincoln, Thinker, Writer, Orator Realism in Art and Architecture Literature Thematic Parallels: News CHAPTER 20: "MODERN LIFE": THE LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY Introduction The Emergence of "Modern Life" Imperialism and the International Economy The British Empire Impressionism Monet Manet Degas Rodin Renoir Cassatt Whistler The Symbolist Movement Symbolist Poetry Baudelaire Mallarme Verlaine Rimbaud Symbolist Theater: Maeterlinck Society and Culture: Alfred Nobel and the Nobel Prize Music: Debussy Society and Culture: The Indonesian Gamelan Post-Impressionism Toulouse-Lautrec Seurat Cezanne Gauguin Van Gogh Munch The Birth of Film Edison The Lumiere Brothers Defining Moment: The Invention of the Motion Picture Camera Melies Cross-Cultural Influences: The Appeal of Japonisme and the Japanese Woodblock Print CHAPTER 21: TURN OF THE CENTURY TO WORLD WAR I Introduction Society and Politics in the Early Twentieth Century World War I The Path to War The Archduke Assassinated Defining Moment: The Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand - the Beginning of the End of an era A New Type of War The End of the War and Its Aftermath Developments in Russia Revolution Technology, Science, and Psychology Radioactivity and Atomic Research The Universe of the Unconscious Fin de Siecle and the Arts Art Nouveau Wilde and Beardsley Society and Culture: Gilbert and Sullivan: The Savoy Operas The Bloomsbury Group European Literature Developments in Children's Literature Lewis Carroll Society and Culture: Nonsense and the Portmanteau Word Robert Louis Stevenson J. M. Barrie England and Ireland Hardy and Joyce Detective Fiction Theater France Theater Modernism and the Avant-Garde Futurism: 1909-1915 Expressionism in Art and Literature: the Avant-Garde in Germany and Russia: (1904-1915) Kandinsky Malevich Diaghilev Kafka Rilke The Avant-Garde in Paris: Matisse and Picasso Matisse and the Fauves Picasso Music and the Avant-Garde in Europe Ravel Strauss Mahler Schoenberg Stravinsky Turn of the Century America Poetry: Frost, Pound, and H.D. The Visual Arts The Amory Show: 1913 Film: D. W. Griffith Music in the United States CHAPTER 22: WORLD WAR I THROUGH WORLD WAR II Introduction The Political and Economic Aftermath of World War I The Great Depression in the United States Communism in Russia The Rise of Fascism and National Socialism Italy Germany The Spanish Civil War World War II Defining Moment: The Holocaust The United States Enters the War: 1941-1945 Technology and Expanding Horizons Philosophy Logical positivism Existentialism Art and Architecture Between the Wars The Expansion of the Dada Movement after World War I Surrealism The International Style: De Stijl The Prairie Style: Frank Lloyd Wright American Regionalism: Thomas Hart Benton The Jazz Age The Blues Swing Society and Culture Box: The Cotton Club in Harlem The Jazz Age in Paris The Harlem Renaissance James Weldon Johnson Langston Hughes Countee Cullen Zora Neale Hurston William Grant Still Literature Between the Wars American Poets and Novelists Effects of the War: Hemingway and Cather American Society and Landscape: Dreiser, Lewis, Dos Passos, Fitzgerald, and Steinbeck Modernist Authors: cummings, Eliot, and Faulkner Major European Novelists Russia: Mikhail Sholokhov Great Britain Modernists: Woolf and Joyce Social Commentary: Lawrence and Huxley Germany: Hesse and Remarque France: Celine, Malraux, and Saint-Exupery Scandinavia: Hamsun, Laxness, and Lagerkvist Theater Between the Wars Italy: Pirandello Germany: Brecht Spain: Lorca France: Giraudoux and Anouilh Ireland: Sean O'Casey America: Eugene O'Neill Music and Dance in America Dance: Martha Graham The American Musical George Gershwin Charles Ives Aaron Copland Film Germany: Leni Riefenstahl The Soviet Union: Sergei Eisenstein Spain and France: Bunuel, Cocteau, and Carne The United States The Western: James Cruze Social Commentary: Chaplin and Welles Musicals: Vidor and Berkeley Animation: Walt Disney Romance: Gone with the Wind Cross-Cultural Influences: Films in Japan, Akira Kurosawa CHAPTER 23: 1945 TO 1989 - THE COLD WAR TO DA AeTENTE Introduction The Cold War Society and Culture Box: Churchill's "Iron Curtain Speech" The USSR Control of Eastern Europe Perestroika and Glasnost The United States The Korean War Latin America The Vietnam War Detente Domestic Turmoil The Civil Rights Movement Defining Moment: Rosas Parks keeps her seat on the bus Society and Culture Box: Martin Luther King's "I have a dream" speech The Feminist Movement Israel and Conflict in the Middle East The Emerging Third World South Africa India and Pakistan The French Colonies China Science and Technology Philosophy: Structuralism, Post-Structuralism, and Deconstruction Structuralism Post-Structuralism and Deconstruction Art and Architecture Self-taught: Horace Pippin The American Scene: Edward Hopper Abstract Expressionism Pop Art Performance Minimalism Conceptual Art: Sol LeWitt Photo-Realism Earth Art Feminist Iconography: Judy Chicago Gender: Robert Mapplethorpe African-American Appropriation: Robert Caldescott Graffiti Art: Jean-Michel Basquiat Video Art: Nam June Paik Post-Modern Architecture Literature France: Camus Germany: The Holocaust: Frank and Wiesel The Soviet Union: Pasternak and Solzenitsyn Great Britain: Orwell and Thomas The United States W. H. Auden John Hersey Joseph Heller J. D. Salinger Sylvia Plath The Beat Writers African-American Themes: Ellison, Baldwin, Walker, and Morrison Africa and South Africa: Colonial Themes: Lessing and Gordimer Latin America: Magic Realism: Neruda, Marquez, and Allende Japan: Kawabata Theater France: Satre, Beckett, and Ionesco The United States: Miller and Albee Music Musicals Dance Opera Composers: Shostakovich, Britten, and Cage Popular Music Film Italy: Fellini Sweden: Bergman India: Satyajit Ray France: The New Wave: Rohmer The United States: Lucas and Spielberg Thematic Parallels: Heartthrobs of Western History CHAPTER 24: AFTER 1989 Introduction Europe and the Collapse of Communism Yugoslavia Europe after the Cold War The United States and the Global Struggle with Terrorism Defining Moment: September 11, 2001 Asia and the Developing World Science and Technology Art and Architecture Digital Installation Altering the Environment Iconography of Genetic Mutation: Matthew Barney Cross-cultural Art in America Modernism in China Post-modern Architecture after 1989 Music at the Turn of the 21st Century Literature Germany: Gunter Grass - Reflections of the 20th century South Africa: J. M. Coetzee Canada: Margaret Attwood - Futuristic Feminism Japan: Oe and Ishiguro India: Arundhati Roy China: Ha jin Theater The United States: Wilson, Mamet, and Kushner Great Britain: Stoppard and Churchill Film Social Commentary Film in China: Zhang Yimou Trainspotting: the Drug Culture Osama Special Effects and Animation Lord of the Rings Finding Nemo Epilogue: The Spirit of the Humanities