Essentials of Psychology

Essentials of Psychology

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By (author) Douglas A. Bernstein

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  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Co Inc
  • Format: Paperback | 768 pages
  • Dimensions: 224mm x 266mm x 28mm | 1,578g
  • Publication date: 3 April 2010
  • Publication City/Country: Belmont, CA
  • ISBN 10: 049590709X
  • ISBN 13: 9780495907091
  • Edition: 5, Revised
  • Edition statement: International ed of 5th revised ed
  • Illustrations note: Illustrations (chiefly col.)
  • Sales rank: 916,559

Product description

In a concise and accessible 14-chapter format, "Essentials of Psychology, International Edition" retains the effective features of Bernstein's "Psychology, 8TH Edition" and incorporates important findings from the latest research. Combining extensive pedagogical support with an emphasis on active learning, this text challenges students to learn by doing - to actively participate using materials from the text and to think about what they're learning as opposed to passively receiving written information. The text's integrated pedagogical system helps students master the material by supporting the elements of the PQ4R (Preview, Question, Read, Recite, Review, and Reflect) study system. Hallmark features include Linkages that show how topics in psychology are interrelated, Thinking Critically sections that apply a five-question approach to one topic in each chapter, and Focus on Research sections organized around questions to help readers think objectively about research questions and results.

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Note: Each chapter concludes with an Active Review. 1. INTRODUCTION TO THE SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY. The World of Psychology: An Overview. Approaches to the Science of Psychology. Human Diversity and Psychology. Thinking Critically About Psychology (or Anything Else). Research Methods in Psychology. Focus on Research: Studying EMDR. Linkages: Psychological Research and Behavioral Genetics. Statistical Analysis of Research Results. Ethical Guidelines for Psychologists. 2. BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR. Cells of the Nervous System. The Peripheral Nervous System: Keeping in Touch with the World. The Central Nervous System: Making Sense of the World. Thinking Critically: What Can fMRI Tell Us About Behavior and Mental Processes? Focus on Research: The Case of the Disembodied Woman. Linkages: Human Development and the Changing Brain. The Chemistry of Behavior: Neurotransmitters. The Endocrine System: Coordinating the Internal World. 3. SENSATION AND PERCEPTION. Sensing and Perceiving the World. Sensory Systems. Seeing. Hearing. The Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell. Sensing Your Body. Thinking Critically: Does Acupuncture Relieve Pain? Perception. Organizing the Perceptual World. Recognizing the Perceptual World. Linkages: Perception and Human Development. Attention. Focus on Research: Attention and the Brain. 4. CONSCIOUSNESS. The Scope of Consciousness. Thinking Critically: Can Subliminal Messages Change Your Behavior? Focus on Research: Subliminal Messages in Rock Music. Sleeping and Dreaming. Hypnosis. Linkages: Meditation, Health, and Stress. Psychoactive Drugs. 5. LEARNING. Classical Conditioning: Learning Signals and Associations. Instrumental and Operant Conditioning: Learning the Consequences of Behavior. Linkages: Networks of Learning. Cognitive Processes in Learning. Focus on Research: The "I Can't Do It" Attitude. Thinking Critically: Does Watching Violence on Television Make People More Violent? Using Research on Learning to Help People Learn. 6. MEMORY. The Nature of Memory. Storing New Memories. Retrieving Memories. Constructing Memories. Focus on Research: I Could Swear I Heard It! Linkages: Memory and Perception in the Courtroom. Forgetting. Thinking Critically: Can Traumatic Memories Be Repressed, Then Recovered? Biological Bases of Memory. Improving Your Memory. 7. THOUGHT, LANGUAGE, AND INTELLIGENCE. Basic Functions of Thought. Mental Representations: The Ingredients of Thought. Thinking Strategies. Problem Solving. Focus on Research: Problem-Solving Strategies in the Real World. Decision Making. Linkages: Group Processes in Problem Solving and Decision Making. Language. Testing Intelligence. Evaluating Intelligence Tests. Thinking Critically: Are Intelligence Tests Unfairly Biased Against Certain Groups? Diversity in Intelligence. 8. MOTIVATION AND EMOTION. Concepts and Theories of Motivation. Eating. Sexual Behavior. Focus on Research: Tell Me About Your Sex Life. Thinking Critically: What Shapes Sexual Orientation? Achievement Motivation. Relations and Conflicts Among Motives. Linkages: Conflicting Motives and Stress. The Nature of Emotions. Theories of Emotions. Communicating Emotions. 9. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. Exploring Human Development. Beginnings. Infancy and Childhood: Cognitive Development. Focus on Research: What Do Infants Know About Physics? Linkages: Development and Memory. Infancy and Childhood: Social and Emotional Development. Focus on Research: Exploring Developing Minds Thinking Critically: Does Day Care arm the Emotional Development of Infants? Adolescence. Adulthood. 10. HEALTH, STRESS, AND COPING. Health Psychology. Understanding Stress and Stressors. Stress Responses. Linkages: Stress and Psychological Disorders. Stress Mediators. Focus on Research: Personality and Health. The Physiology and Psychology of Health and Illness. Thinking Critically: Does Hostility Increase the Risk of Heart Disease? Promoting Healthy Behavior. 11. PERSONALITY. The Psychodynamic Approach. The Trait Approach. Thinking Critically: Are Personality Traits Inherited? The Social-Cognitive Approach. The Humanistic Approach. Linkages: Personality, Culture, and Human Development. Focus on Research: Personality Development over Time. Assessing Personality. 12. PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS. Defining Psychological Disorders. Explaining Psychological Disorders. Classifying Psychological Disorders. Thinking Critically: Is Psychological Diagnosis Biased? Anxiety Disorders. Linkages: Anxiety Disorders and Learning. Somatoform Disorders. Dissociative Disorders. Affective Disorders. Schizophrenia. Personality Disorders. Focus on Research: Exploring Links Between Child Abuse and Antisocial Personality. Disorder. A Sampling of Other Psychological Disorders. Mental Illness and the Law. 13. TREATMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS. Basic Features of Treatment. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy. Humanistic Psychotherapy. Behavior Therapy and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. Group, Family, and Couples Therapy. Evaluating Psychotherapy. Thinking Critically: Are All Forms of Therapy Equally Effective? Focus on Research: Which Therapies Work Best for Which Problems? Biological Treatments. Linkages: Biology, Behavior, and the Treatment of Psychological Disorders. Community Psychology. 14. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. Social Influences on the Self. Focus on Research: Self-Esteem and the Ultimate Terror. Social Perception. Attitudes. Prejudice and Stereotypes. Interpersonal Attraction. Social Influence. Obedience. Aggression. Thinking Critically: Does Pornography Cause Aggression? Altruism and Assistance. Group Processes. Linkages: Biological and Social Psychology. 15. INDUSTRIAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY. (Available upon request as custom pre-set) An Overview of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Assessing People, Jobs, and Job Performance. Recruiting and Selecting Employees. Training Employees. Employee Motivation. Job Satisfaction. Thinking Critically: Is Job Satisfaction Genetic? Linkages: Aggression in the Workplace. Occupational Health Psychology. Work Groups and Work Teams. Focus on Research: Can People Learn to Be Charismatic Leaders? 16. NEUROPSYCHOLOGY (Available upon request as custom pre-set Foundations of Neuropsychology. Mechanisms of Brain Dysfunction Neuropsychological Disorders. Thinking Critically: Can Someone Be Partially Paralyzed and Not Know It? Focus on Research: Studying Hemineglect. Linkages: Language Disorders and the Brain.

Table of contents

Note: Each chapter concludes with an Active Review. 1. INTRODUCTION TO THE SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY. The World of Psychology: An Overview. Approaches to the Science of Psychology. Human Diversity and Psychology. Thinking Critically About Psychology (or Anything Else). Research Methods in Psychology. Focus on Research: Studying EMDR. Linkages: Psychological Research and Behavioral Genetics. Statistical Analysis of Research Results. Ethical Guidelines for Psychologists. 2. BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR. Cells of the Nervous System. The Peripheral Nervous System: Keeping in Touch with the World. The Central Nervous System: Making Sense of the World. Thinking Critically: What Can fMRI Tell Us About Behavior and Mental Processes? Focus on Research: The Case of the Disembodied Woman. Linkages: Human Development and the Changing Brain. The Chemistry of Behavior: Neurotransmitters. The Endocrine System: Coordinating the Internal World. 3. SENSATION AND PERCEPTION. Sensing and Perceiving the World. Sensory Systems. Seeing. Hearing. The Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell. Sensing Your Body. Thinking Critically: Does Acupuncture Relieve Pain? Perception. Organizing the Perceptual World. Recognizing the Perceptual World. Linkages: Perception and Human Development. Attention. Focus on Research: Attention and the Brain. 4. CONSCIOUSNESS. The Scope of Consciousness. Thinking Critically: Can Subliminal Messages Change Your Behavior? Focus on Research: Subliminal Messages in Rock Music. Sleeping and Dreaming. Hypnosis. Linkages: Meditation, Health, and Stress. Psychoactive Drugs. 5. LEARNING. Classical Conditioning: Learning Signals and Associations. Instrumental and Operant Conditioning: Learning the Consequences of Behavior. Linkages: Networks of Learning. Cognitive Processes in Learning. Focus on Research: The "I Can't Do It" Attitude. Thinking Critically: Does Watching Violence on Television Make People More Violent? Using Research on Learning to Help People Learn. 6. MEMORY. The Nature of Memory. Storing New Memories. Retrieving Memories. Constructing Memories. Focus on Research: I Could Swear I Heard It! Linkages: Memory and Perception in the Courtroom. Forgetting. Thinking Critically: Can Traumatic Memories Be Repressed, Then Recovered? Biological Bases of Memory. Improving Your Memory. 7. THOUGHT, LANGUAGE, AND INTELLIGENCE. Basic Functions of Thought. Mental Representations: The Ingredients of Thought. Thinking Strategies. Problem Solving. Focus on Research: Problem-Solving Strategies in the Real World. Decision Making. Linkages: Group Processes in Problem Solving and Decision Making. Language. Testing Intelligence. Evaluating Intelligence Tests. Thinking Critically: Are Intelligence Tests Unfairly Biased Against Certain Groups? Diversity in Intelligence. 8. MOTIVATION AND EMOTION. Concepts and Theories of Motivation. Eating. Sexual Behavior. Focus on Research: Tell Me About Your Sex Life. Thinking Critically: What Shapes Sexual Orientation? Achievement Motivation. Relations and Conflicts Among Motives. Linkages: Conflicting Motives and Stress. The Nature of Emotions. Theories of Emotions. Communicating Emotions. 9. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. Exploring Human Development. Beginnings. Infancy and Childhood: Cognitive Development. Focus on Research: What Do Infants Know About Physics? Linkages: Development and Memory. Infancy and Childhood: Social and Emotional Development. Focus on Research: Exploring Developing Minds Thinking Critically: Does Day Care arm the Emotional Development of Infants? Adolescence. Adulthood. 10. HEALTH, STRESS, AND COPING. Health Psychology. Understanding Stress and Stressors. Stress Responses. Linkages: Stress and Psychological Disorders. Stress Mediators. Focus on Research: Personality and Health. The Physiology and Psychology of Health and Illness. Thinking Critically: Does Hostility Increase the Risk of Heart Disease? Promoting Healthy Behavior. 11. PERSONALITY. The Psychodynamic Approach. The Trait Approach. Thinking Critically: Are Personality Traits Inherited? The Social-Cognitive Approach. The Humanistic Approach. Linkages: Personality, Culture, and Human Development. Focus on Research: Personality Development over Time. Assessing Personality. 12. PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS. Defining Psychological Disorders. Explaining Psychological Disorders. Classifying Psychological Disorders. Thinking Critically: Is Psychological Diagnosis Biased? Anxiety Disorders. Linkages: Anxiety Disorders and Learning. Somatoform Disorders. Dissociative Disorders. Affective Disorders. Schizophrenia. Personality Disorders. Focus on Research: Exploring Links Between Child Abuse and Antisocial Personality. Disorder. A Sampling of Other Psychological Disorders. Mental Illness and the Law. 13. TREATMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS. Basic Features of Treatment. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy. Humanistic Psychotherapy. Behavior Therapy and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. Group, Family, and Couples Therapy. Evaluating Psychotherapy. Thinking Critically: Are All Forms of Therapy Equally Effective? Focus on Research: Which Therapies Work Best for Which Problems? Biological Treatments. Linkages: Biology, Behavior, and the Treatment of Psychological Disorders. Community Psychology. 14. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. Social Influences on the Self. Focus on Research: Self-Esteem and the Ultimate Terror. Social Perception. Attitudes. Prejudice and Stereotypes. Interpersonal Attraction. Social Influence. Obedience. Aggression. Thinking Critically: Does Pornography Cause Aggression? Altruism and Assistance. Group Processes. Linkages: Biological and Social Psychology. 15. INDUSTRIAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY. (Available upon request as custom pre-set) An Overview of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Assessing People, Jobs, and Job Performance. Recruiting and Selecting Employees. Training Employees. Employee Motivation. Job Satisfaction. Thinking Critically: Is Job Satisfaction Genetic? Linkages: Aggression in the Workplace. Occupational Health Psychology. Work Groups and Work Teams. Focus on Research: Can People Learn to Be Charismatic Leaders? 16. NEUROPSYCHOLOGY (Available upon request as custom pre-set Foundations of Neuropsychology. Mechanisms of Brain Dysfunction Neuropsychological Disorders. Thinking Critically: Can Someone Be Partially Paralyzed and Not Know It? Focus on Research: Studying Hemineglect. Linkages: Language Disorders and the Brain.