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    The Ends of Harm: The Moral Foundations of Criminal Law (Oxford Legal Philosophy) (Paperback) By (author) Victor Tadros

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    DescriptionEvery modern democratic state imprisons thousands of offenders every year, depriving them of their liberty, causing them a great deal of psychological and sometimes physical harm. Relationships are destroyed, jobs are lost, the risk of the offender being harmed by other offenders is increased and all at great expense to the state. How can this brutal and costly enterprise be justified? Traditionally, philosophers answering this question have argued either that the punishment of wrongdoers is a good in itself (retributivism), or that it is a regrettable means to a valuable end, such as the deterrence of future wrongdoing, and thus justifiable on consequentialist grounds. This book offers a critical examination of those theories and advances a new argument for punishment's justification, calling it the 'duty view'. On this view, the permission to punish offenders is grounded in the duties that they incur in virtue of their wrongdoing. The most important duties that ground the justification of punishment are the duty to recognize that the offender has done wrong and the duty to protect others against wrongdoing. In the light of these duties the state has a permission to punish offenders to ensure that they recognize that what they have done is wrong, but also to protect others from crime. In contrast to other justifications of punishment grounded in deterrence, the duty view is developed in the light of a non-consequentialist moral theory: a theory which endorses constraints on the pursuit of the good. It is shown that it is normally wrong to harm a person as a means to pursue a greater good. However, there are exceptions to this principle in cases where the person harmed has an enforceable duty to pursue the good. The implications of this idea are explored both in the context of self-defence, and then in the context of punishment. Through the systematic exploration of the relationship between self-defence and punishment, the book makes significant progress in defending a plausible set of non-consequentialist moral principles that justify the punishment of wrongdoers, and marks a significant contribution to the philosophical literature on punishment.


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  • Full bibliographic data for The Ends of Harm

    Title
    The Ends of Harm
    Subtitle
    The Moral Foundations of Criminal Law
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Victor Tadros
    Physical properties
    Format: Paperback
    Number of pages: 400
    Width: 197 mm
    Height: 234 mm
    Thickness: 22 mm
    Weight: 608 g
    Language
    English
    ISBN
    ISBN 13: 9780199681914
    ISBN 10: 0199681910
    Classifications

    B&T Book Type: NF
    BIC E4L: LAW
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: S5.0
    BIC subject category V2: HPQ, JKV
    BISAC V2.8: LAW026000
    BIC subject category V2: HPS
    Ingram Subject Code: LE
    Libri: I-LE
    BISAC V2.8: LAW052000
    B&T General Subject: 490
    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 27720
    B&T Merchandise Category: UP
    BIC subject category V2: LAB, LNFB
    LC subject heading: , , ,
    DC22: 345.001
    LC subject heading: ,
    DC23: 345.001
    LC subject heading:
    LC classification: K5018 .T33 2013
    Ingram Theme: INDS/LAWSTD
    Publisher
    Oxford University Press
    Imprint name
    Oxford University Press
    Publication date
    16 August 2013
    Publication City/Country
    Oxford
    Author Information
    Victor Tadros, Professor of Criminal Law and Legal Theory, University of Warwick Victor Tadros is Professor of Criminal Law and Legal Theory at the University of Warwick. Prior to his appointment at Warwick he held positions at the Universities of Aberdeen and Edinburgh. He has written on criminal responsibility, criminal offences, criminal trials, the presumption of innocence, just war theory, and various aspects of moral and political philosophy. He is currently engaged in a major project on criminalization with Antony Duff, Lindsay Farmer, Sandra Marshall, and Massimo Renzo, funded by the AHRC for which he is currently writing a book entitled Wrongs and Crimes.
    Review quote
    I admire the ambition, the scope, and the ingenuity of Tadross Duty Theory of punishment. Hamish Stewart, Criminal Law and Philosophy
    Table of contents
    1. Introduction ; THE AIMS OF PUNISHMENT ; 2. Justifying Punishment ; 3. Recognition and Choice ; 4. Against Desert ; 5. The Limits of Communication ; MEANS, MOTIVATIONS, AND ENDS ; 6. Defending the Means Principle ; 7. Wrongdoing and Motivation ; PERMISSIBILITY, HARM, AND SELF-DEFENCE ; 8. Choice, Responsibility, and Permissible Harm ; 9. Conflicts and Permissibility ; 10. Mistakes and Self-Defence ; 11. Responsibility and Self-Defence ; PUNISHMENT AND THE DUTIES OF OFFENDERS ; 12. Punishment as a Remedy ; 13. State Punishment ; 14. Protection Against Punishment ; 15. Proportionate Punishment