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    Dying to be Men: Gender and Language in Early Christian Martyr Texts (GENDER, THEORY, AND RELIGION) (Hardback) By (author) L. Stephanie Professor Cobb

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    DescriptionAt once brave and athletic, virtuous and modest, female martyrs in the second and third centuries were depicted as self-possessed gladiators who at the same time exhibited the quintessentially "womanly" qualities of modesty, fertility, and beauty. L. Stephanie Cobb explores the double embodiment of "male" and "female" gender ideals in these figures, connecting them to Greco-Roman virtues and the construction of Christian group identities. Both male and female martyrs conducted their battles in the amphitheater, a masculine environment that enabled the divine combatants to showcase their strength, virility, and volition. These Christian martyr accounts also illustrated masculinity through the language of justice, resistance to persuasion, and-more subtly but most effectively-the juxtaposition of "unmanly" individuals (usually slaves, the old, or the young) with those at the height of male maturity and accomplishment (such as the governor or the proconsul). Imbuing female martyrs with the same strengths as their male counterparts served a vital function in Christian communities. Faced with the possibility of persecution, Christians sought to inspire both men and women to be braver than pagan and Jewish men. Yet within the community itself, traditional gender roles had to be maintained, and despite the call to be manly, Christian women were expected to remain womanly in relation to the men of their faith. Complicating our understanding of the social freedoms enjoyed by early Christian women, Cobb's investigation reveals the dual function of gendered language in martyr texts and its importance in laying claim to social power.

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  • Full bibliographic data for Dying to be Men

    Dying to be Men
    Gender and Language in Early Christian Martyr Texts
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) L. Stephanie Professor Cobb
    Physical properties
    Format: Hardback
    Number of pages: 224
    Width: 152 mm
    Height: 229 mm
    Thickness: 23 mm
    Weight: 454 g
    ISBN 13: 9780231144988
    ISBN 10: 0231144989

    B&T Book Type: NF
    BIC subject category V2: HRC
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: T6.1
    BIC E4L: REL
    BISAC Merchandising Theme: TP028
    Ingram Spring Arbor Market: Y
    Ingram Theme: RELI/CHRIST
    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 15440
    B&T General Subject: 690
    BIC subject category V2: JFSJ1
    B&T Modifier: Region of Publication: 01
    B&T Modifier: Subject Development: 01
    B&T Modifier: Geographic Designator: 05
    Ingram Theme: THEO/ACADEM
    BISAC Merchandising Theme: TP090
    Ingram Subject Code: RL
    Libri: I-RL
    BISAC V2.8: REL015000, HIS002020
    B&T Modifier: Academic Level: 02
    B&T Modifier: Subject Development: 35
    BISAC V2.8: REL070000
    Ingram Theme: CULT/MEDITR
    LC subject heading:
    B&T Merchandise Category: UP
    LC subject heading:
    BISAC V2.8: SOC028000, REL105000
    DC22: 272.1082
    LC subject heading: ,
    BISAC V2.8: REL033000
    LC subject heading:
    DC22: 272/.1082
    LC subject heading:
    LC classification: BR1609 .C64 2008
    LC subject heading:
    Thema V1.0: QRM, JBSF1, QRVP7, NHDA
    Columbia University Press
    Imprint name
    Columbia University Press
    Publication date
    08 September 2008
    Publication City/Country
    New York
    Author Information
    L. Stephanie Cobb is assistant professor of New Testament and Early Christianity in the Religion Department at Hofstra University.
    Review quote
    Dying to Be Men successfully conveys the surprising and subversive ways early Christian martyrologies appropriated the notion of masculinity... Recommended. Choice 4/1/09 Overall, Dying to be Men is a well-written and worthwhile contribution to the growing number of studies on the function of gender in early Christian texts. -- Colleen M. Conway Church History 12/2009 This book is to be commended for its lucid articulation of the question of gendered presentations in the martyr acts and its efforts to answer this question with a clear, consistent thesis. -- Taylor Petrey Biblical Theology Bulletin Vol 40
    Table of contents
    AcknowledgmentsAbbreviationsIntroduction: Constructing Identity Through Cultural Appropriation1. What Is a Christian? Constructing a Christian Identity2. Noble Athletes: Gladiatorial, Athletic, and Martial Imagery in the Martyr Acts3. Be a Man: Narrative Tools of Masculinization in Early Christian Martyr Acts4. Putting Women in Their Place: Masculinizing and Feminizing the Female MartyrConclusion: Gender and Language in Early Christian Martyr ActsBibliographyIndex