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    Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison (Paperback) By (author) Michel Foucault, Translated by Alan Sheridan

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    DescriptionIn the Middle Ages there were gaols and dungeons, but punishment was for the most part a spectacle. The economic changes and growing popular dissent of the 18th century made necessary a more systematic control over the individual members of society, and this in effect meant a change from punishment, which chastised the body, to reform, which touched the soul. Foucault shows the development of the Western system of prisons, police organizations, administrative and legal hierarchies for social control - and the growth of disciplinary society as a whole. He also reveals that between school, factories, barracks and hospitals all share a common organization, in which it is possible to control the use of an individual's time and space hour by hour.


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  • Full bibliographic data for Discipline and Punish

    Title
    Discipline and Punish
    Subtitle
    The Birth of the Prison
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Michel Foucault, Translated by Alan Sheridan
    Physical properties
    Format: Paperback
    Number of pages: 352
    Width: 128 mm
    Height: 194 mm
    Thickness: 22 mm
    Weight: 281 g
    Language
    English
    ISBN
    ISBN 13: 9780140137224
    ISBN 10: 014013722X
    Classifications

    BIC E4L: PSY
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: T17.9
    BIC subject category V2: JMK, JKVP, VSP
    LC subject heading: ,
    Libri: B-085
    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 24810
    Libri: B-495
    BISAC V2.8: SOC030000
    DC21: 365.643
    Thema V1.0: JKVP, VSP, JMK
    Illustrations note
    facsimiles
    Publisher
    Penguin Books Ltd
    Imprint name
    Penguin Books Ltd
    Publication date
    25 April 1991
    Publication City/Country
    London
    Author Information
    One of the leading intellectuals of the twentieth century and the most prominent thinker in post-war France, Foucault's work influenced disciplines as diverse as history, sociology, philosophy, sociology and literary criticism.
    Review text
    Regrettably, to approach Foucault's brilliant historical apercus, one must do battle with his dense and daunting use of language. Aerated abstractions fastened to minuscule details are not to the American reader's taste; the effort nonetheless is worth it. Foucault is a College de France savant who has previously probed the "archaeology" of the human sciences as well as the rhetoric of madness. Now his subject is that juncture in time, roughly 1780-1820, when punishment of crime underwent a sea change as the philosophes, the utilitarians, and other reformers argued for the abrogation of public tortures and executions and society's new means of correction, as expressed in new legal codes, became "rehabilitative" and "humane." Thus was the prison born. But the exalted claims, Foucault suggests, are wholly fraudulent. Punishment is embedded in social structures, and if today we incarcerate rather than break on the wheel, it is because this punitive mode fits industrial society just as the infliction of pain on the body was congruent with medieval power relationships. "Prison is like a rather disciplined barracks, a strict school, a dark workshop, but not qualitatively different." Worse, Foucault, no friend of the social sciences, argues that the panoply of psychiatrists, psychologists, educators, and sociologists who now serve as auxiliaries to the criminal justice system have simply inflated it. The soul which is infinite, not the body which is finite, is today the locus of punishment. Characteristic of Foucault is this reversal of elements generally regarded as humane and progressive into something cancerous and expansionist. Characteristic too, is the incisive use of original sources (albeit mostly French) and the refusal to accept conventional attitudes. A formidable exploration of a development treated, in American terms, in David Rothman's Discover), of the Asylum. (Kirkus Reviews)