De Anima: (On the Soul)

De Anima: (On the Soul)

Paperback Penguin Classics Language: English / Greek, Ancient (to 1453)

By (author) Aristotle, Translated by Hugh Lawson-Tancred

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  • Publisher: PENGUIN CLASSICS
  • Format: Paperback | 256 pages
  • Language: English / Greek, Ancient (to 1453)
  • Dimensions: 128mm x 192mm x 18mm | 181g
  • Publication date: 2 June 1987
  • Publication City/Country: London
  • ISBN 10: 0140444718
  • ISBN 13: 9780140444711
  • Edition statement: Reissue
  • Sales rank: 92,063

Product description

For the Pre-Socratic philosophers the soul was the source of movement and sensation, while for Plato it was the seat of being, metaphysically distinct from the body that it was forced temporarily to inhabit. Plato's student Aristotle was determined to test the truth of both these beliefs against the emerging sciences of logic and biology. His examination of the huge variety of living organisms the enormous range of their behaviour, their powers and their perceptual sophistication convinced him of the inadequacy both of a materialist reduction and of a Platonic sublimation of the soul. In De Anima, he sought to set out his theory of the soul as the ultimate reality of embodied form and produced both a masterpiece of philosophical insight and a psychology of perennially fascinating subtlety.

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Author information

Aristotle was born in 384BC. For twenty years he studied at Athens at the Academy of Plato, on whose death in 347 he left, and some time later became tutor to Alexander the Great. On Alexander's succession to the throne of Macedonia in 336, Aristotle returned to Athens and established his school and research institute, the Lyceum. After Alexander's death he was driven out of Athens and feld to Chalcis in Euboea where he died in 322. His writings profoundly affected the whole course of ancient and medieval philosophy. HUGH LAWSON-TANCRED was born in 1955 and educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford. He is a Departmental Fellow in the Department of Philosophy at Birkbeck College in the University of London. He has published extensively on Aristotle and Plato and is currently engaged in research in computational linguistics. He translates widely from the Slavonic and Scandinavian languages. His translations of Aristotle's The Art of Rhetoric and De Anima are also published in Penguin Classics. He is married with a daughter and two sons and lives in North London and Somerset.

Table of contents

De Anima (On the Soul)Foreword Introduction I. Entelechism II. The Life of Aristotle III. The Philosophical Background IV. The Development and Scope of Entelechism V. Perception, Imagination and Desire VI. Intellect VII. Entelechism in the Modern Debate VIII. Conclusion IX. The Translation Glossary On the Soul Book I The Traditional Background Chapter One: The Scope of the Work Chapter Two: Some Earlier Theories Chapter Three: Comments on Earlier Views I Chapter Four: Comments on Earlier Views II Chapter Five: General Remarks Book II The Nature of the Soul Chapter One: Soul as Form Chapter Two: The Psychic Hierarchy I Chapter Three: The Psychic Hierarchy II Nutrition Chapter Four: Methodological Remarks; Nutrition Sense-perception Chapter Five: Sensation Chapter Six: The Types of Sense-object Chapter Seven: Sight Chapter Eight: Hearing Chapter Nine: Smell Chapter Ten: Taste Chapter Eleven: Touch Chapter Twelve: Perception as the Reception of Form without Matter Book III Sense-perception Chapter One: General Problems of Perception I Chapter Two: General Problems of Perception II Imagination Chapter Three: Imagination Intellect Chapter Four: Intellect Chapter Five: Intellect; Active and Passive Chapter Six: Intellect; Simple and Complex Chapter Seven: Appendix to Sense and Mind Chapter Eight: SUmmary of Account of Sense-perception and Thought Motivation Chapter Nine: Motivation; The Division of the Soul Chapter Ten: Motivation Chapter Eleven: Appendix to Motivation Appendix: Animal Survival Chapter Thirteen: The Teleological Context I Chapter Fourteen: The Teleological Context II Notes Bibliography