The Dawn of Astronomy: A Study of Temple Worship and Mythology of the Ancient Egyptians

The Dawn of Astronomy: A Study of Temple Worship and Mythology of the Ancient Egyptians

Paperback Dover Books on Astronomy

By (author) J. Norman Lockyer, Preface by Giorgio De Santillana

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  • Publisher: Dover Publications Inc.
  • Format: Paperback | 464 pages
  • Dimensions: 137mm x 211mm x 25mm | 431g
  • Publication date: 26 May 2006
  • Publication City/Country: New York
  • ISBN 10: 0486450120
  • ISBN 13: 9780486450124
  • Sales rank: 784,272

Product description

A pioneer in the fields of astrophysics and astro-archeology, J. Norman Lockyer believed that ancient Egyptian monuments were constructed "in strict relation to the stars." In this celebrated study, he explores the relationship between astronomy and architecture in the age of the pharaohs. Lockyer addresses one of the many points already extensively investigated by Egyptologists: the chronology of the kings of Egypt. All experts are in accord regarding the identity of the first monarch, but they cannot agree upon the dates of his reign within a thousand years. The author contends that by applying a knowledge of astronomy to the actual site orientation of the region's pyramids and temples, accurate dating can be achieved. In order to accomplish this, Lockyer had to determine the level of the ancient Egyptian ideas of astronomy. Some of his inferences have been invalidated by subsequent scholarship, but many of his other conclusions stand firm and continue to provide sensational leads into contemporary understanding of archaic astronomy.

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Table of contents

1. The Worship of the Sun and the Dawn 2. The First Glimpses of Egyptian Astronomy 3. The Astronomical Basis of the Egyptian Pantheon 4. The Two Horizons 5. The Yearly Path of the Sun-God 6. The Probable Hor-Shesu Worship 7. Methods of Determining the Orientation of Temples 8. The Earliest Solar Shrines in Egypt 9. Other Similar Shrines Elsewhere 10. The Solar Temple of Amen-Ra at Karnak 11. The Age of the Temple of Amen-Ra at Karnak 12. The Stars--Their Risings and Settings 13. The Egyptian Heavens--The Zodiacs of Denderah 14. The Circumpolar Constellations: The Myth of Horus 15. Temples Directed to the Stars 16. Further Inquiries with Regard to the Stellar Temples 17. The Building Inscriptions 18. The Star Temples at Karnak 19. The Personification of Stars--The Temple of Isis at Denderah 20. The Personification of Stars (continued)--The Temple of Hathor at Denderah 21. Star-Cults 22. Star-Cults (continued)--Amen-t and Khons 23. The Egyptian Year and the Nile 24. The Years of 360 and 365 Days 25. The Vague and the Sirian Years 26. The Sothic Cycle and the Use Made of It 27. The Calendar and Its Revision 28. The Fixed Year and Festival Calendars 29. The Mythology of Isis and Osiris 30. The Temple-Stars 31. The History of Sun-worship at Annu and Thebes 32. The Early Temple and Great Pyramid Builders 33. The Cult of North as Opposed to Southern Stars 34. The Origin of Egyptian Astronomy--The Northern Schools 35. The Origin of Egyptian Astronomy (continued)--The Thebes School 36. General Conclusions as to the North and South Races 37. The Egyptian and Babylonian Ecliptic Constellations 38. The Influence of Egypt upon Temple Orientation in Greece