Construction of Marine and Offshore Structures

Construction of Marine and Offshore Structures

Hardback

By (author) Jr. Ben C. Gerwick

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  • Publisher: CRC Press Inc
  • Format: Hardback | 840 pages
  • Dimensions: 183mm x 259mm x 48mm | 1,588g
  • Publication date: 30 March 2007
  • Publication City/Country: Bosa Roca
  • ISBN 10: 0849330521
  • ISBN 13: 9780849330520
  • Edition: 3, Revised
  • Edition statement: 3rd Revised edition
  • Illustrations note: 577 black & white illustrations, 21 black & white tables
  • Sales rank: 600,672

Product description

For two decades, Ben Gerwick's ability to capture the current state of practice and present it in a straightforward, easily digestible manner has made Construction of Marine and Offshore Structures the reference of choice for modern civil and maritime construction engineers. The third edition of this perennial bestseller continues to be the most modern and authoritative guide in the field. Based on the author's lifetime of experience, the book also incorporates relevant published information from many sources. Updated and expanded to reflect new technologies, methods, and materials, the book includes new information on topics such as liquefaction of loose sediments, scour and erosion, archaeological concerns, high-performance steel, ultra-high-performance concrete, steel H piles, and damage from sabotage and terrorism. It features coverage of LNG terminals and offshore wind and wave energy structures. Clearly, concisely, and accessibly, this book steers you away from the pitfalls and toward the successful implementation of principles that can bring your marine and offshore projects to life.

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Table of contents

INTRODUCTION General Geography Ecological Environment Legal Jurisdiction Offshore Construction Relationships and Sequences Typical Marine Structures and Contracts Interaction of Design and Construction PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF MARINE AND OFFSHORE CONSTRUCTION General Distances and Depths Hydrostatic Pressure and Buoyancy Temperature Seawater and Sea-Air Interface Chemistry Currents Waves and Swells Winds and Storms Tides and Storm Surges Rain, Snow, Fog, Spray, Atmospheric Icing, and Lightning Sea Ice and Icebergs Seismicity, Seaquakes, and Tsunamis Floods Scour Siltation and Bed Loads Sabotage and Terrorism Ship Traffic Fire and Smoke Accidental Events Global Warming GEOTECHNICAL ASPECTS: SEAFLOOR AND MARINE SOILS General Dense Sands Liquefaction of Soils Calcareous Sands Glacial Till and Boulders on Seafloor Overconsolidated Silts Subsea Permafrost and Clathrates Weak Arctic Silts and Clays Ice Scour and Pingos Methane Gas Muds and Clays Coral and Similar Biogenic Soils; Cemented Soils, Cap Rock Unconsolidated Sands Underwater Sand Dunes ("Megadunes") Bedrock Outcrops Cobbles Deep Gravel Deposits Seafloor Oozes Seafloor Instability and Slumping; Turbidity Currents Scour and Erosion Concluding Remarks ECOLOGICAL AND SOCIETAL IMPACTS OF MARINE CONSTRUCTION General Oil and Petroleum Products Toxic Chemicals Contaminated Soils Construction Wastes Turbidity Sediment Transport, Scour, and Erosion Air Pollution Marine Life: Mammals and Birds, Fish, and Other Biota Aquifers Noise Highway, Rail, Barge, and Air Traffic Protection of Existing Structures Liquefaction Safety of the Public and Third-Party Vessels Archaeological Concerns MATERIALS AND FABRICATION FOR MARINE STRUCTURES General Steel Structures for the Marine Environment Structural Concrete Hybrid Steel-Concrete Structures Plastics and Synthetic Materials, Composites Titanium Rock, Sand, and Asphaltic-Bituminous Materials MARINE AND OFFSHORE CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT General Basic Motions in a Seaway Buoyancy, Draft, and Freeboard Stability Damage Control Barges Crane Barges Offshore Derrick Barges (Fully Revolving) Semisubmersible Barges Jack-Up Construction Barges Launch Barges Catamaran Barges Dredges Pipe-Laying Barges Supply Boats Anchor-Handling Boats Towboats Drilling Vessels Crew Boats Floating Concrete Plant Tower Cranes Specialized Equipment MARINE OPERATIONS Towing Moorings and Anchors Handling Heavy Loads at Sea Personnel Transfer at Sea Underwater Intervention, Diving, Underwater Work Systems, Remote-Operated Vehicles (ROVs), and Manipulators Underwater Concreting and Grouting Offshore Surveying, Navigation, and Seafloor Surveys Temporary Buoyancy Augmentation SEAFLOOR MODIFICATIONS AND IMPROVEMENTS General Controls for Grade and Position Seafloor Dredging, Obstruction Removal, and Leveling Dredging and Removal of Hard Material and Rock Placement of Underwater Fills Consolidation and Strengthening of Weak Soils Prevention of Liquefaction Scour Protection Concluding Remarks INSTALLATION OF PILES IN MARINE AND OFFSHORE STRUCTURE General Fabrication of Tubular Steel Piles Transportation of Piling Installing Piles Methods of Increasing Penetration Insert Piles Anchoring into Rock or Hardpan Testing High Capacity Piles Steel H Piles Enhancing Stiffness and Capacity of Piles Prestressed Concrete Cylinder Piles Handling and Positioning of Piles for Offshore Terminals Drilled and Grouted Piles Cast-in-Drilled-Hole Piles, Drilled Shafts Other Installation Experience Installation in Difficult Soils Other Methods of Improving the Capacity of Driven Piles Slurry Walls, Secant Walls, and Tangent Walls Steel Sheet Piles Vibratory Pile Hammers Micropiles HARBOR, RIVER, AND ESTUARY STRUCTURES General Harbor Structures River Structures Foundations for Overwater Bridge Piers Submerged Prefabricated Tunnels (Tubes) Storm Surge Barriers Flow-Control Structures COASTAL STRUCTURES General Ocean Outfalls and Intakes Breakwaters Offshore Terminals OFFSHORE PLATFORMS: STEEL JACKETS AND PIN PILES General Fabrication of Steel Jackets Load-Out, Tie-Down, and Transport Removal of Jacket from Transport Barge; Lifting; Launching Upending of Jacket Installation on the Seafloor Pile and Conductor Installation Deck Installation Examples CONCRETE OFFSHORE PLATFORMS: GRAVITY-BASE STRUCTURES General Stages of Construction Alternative Concepts for Construction Sub-Base Construction Platform Relocation Hybrid Concrete-Steel Platforms PERMANENTLY FLOATING STRUCTURES General Fabrication of Concrete Floating Structures Concrete Properties of Special Importance to Floating Structures Construction and Launching Floating Concrete Bridges Floating Tunnels Semi-Submersibles Barges Floating Airfields Structures for Permanently Floating Service Marinas Piers for Berthing Large Ships Floating Breakwaters Mating Afloat OTHER APPLICATIONS OF MARINE AND OFFSHORE CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY General Single-Point Moorings Articulated Columns Seafloor Templates Underwater Oil Storage Vessels Cable Arrays, Moored Buoys, and Seafloor Deployment Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Offshore Export and Import Terminals for Cryogenic Gas-LNG and LPG Offshore Wind-Power Foundations Wave-Power Structures Tidal Power Stations Barrier Walls Breakwaters INSTALLATION OF SUBMARINE PIPELINES General Conventional S-Lay Barge Bottom-Pull Method Reel Barge Surface Float Controlled Underwater Flotation (Controlled Subsurface Float) Controlled Above-Bottom Pull J-Tube Method from Platform J-Lay from Barge S-Curve with Collapsible Floats Bundled Pipes Directional Drilling (Horizontal Drilling) Laying Under Ice Protection of Pipelines: Burial and Covering with Rock Support of Pipelines Cryogenic Pipelines for LNG and LPG PLASTIC AND COMPOSITE PIPELINES AND CABLES Submarine Pipelines of Composite Materials and Plastics Cable Laying TOPSIDE INSTALLATION General Module Erection Hookup Giant Modules and Transfer of Complete Deck Float-Over Deck Structures REPAIRS TO MARINE STRUCTURES General Principles Governing Repairs Repairs to Steel Structures Repairs to Corroded Steel Members Repairs to Concrete Structures Repairs to Foundations Fire Damage Pipeline Repairs STRENGTHENING EXISTING STRUCTURES General Strengthening of Offshore Platforms, Terminals, Members and Assemblies Increasing Capacity of Existing Piles for Axial Loads Increasing Lateral Capacity of Piles and Structures in Soil-Structure Interaction Penetrations Through Concrete Walls Seismic Retrofit REMOVAL AND SALVAGE Removal of Offshore Platforms Removal of Piled Structures (Terminals, Trestles, Shallow-Water Platforms) Removal of Pile-Supported Steel Platforms Removal of Concrete Gravity: Base Offshore Platforms New Developments in Salvage Techniques Removal of Harbor Structures Removal of Coastal Structures CONSTRUCTIBILITY General Construction Stages for Offshore Structures Principles of Constructibility Facilities and Methods for Fabrication Launching Assembly and Jointing Afloat Material Selection and Procedures Construction Procedures Access Tolerances Survey Control Quality Control and Assurance Safety Control of Construction: Feedback and Modification Contingency Planning Manuals On-Site Instruction Sheets Risk and Reliability Evaluation CONSTRUCTION IN THE DEEP SEA General Considerations and Phenomena for Deep-Sea Operations Techniques for Deep-Sea Construction Properties of Materials for the Deep Sea Platforms in the Deep Sea: Compliant Structures Tension-Leg Platforms (TLP's) SPARS Ship-Shaped FPSOs Deep-Water Moorings Construction Operations on the Deep Seafloor Deep-Water Pipe Laying Seafloor Well Completions Deep-Water Bridge Piers ARCTIC MARINE STRUCTURES General Sea Ice and Icebergs Atmospheric Conditions Arctic Seafloor and Geotechnics Oceanographic Ecological Considerations Logistics and Operations Earthwork in the Arctic Offshore Ice Structures Steel and Concrete Structures for the Arctic Deployment of Structures in the Arctic Installation at Site Ice Condition Surveys and Ice Management Durability Constructibility Pipeline Installation Current Arctic Developments REFERENCES INDEX