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Chemical Thermodynamics: for Process Simulation

Chemical Thermodynamics: for Process Simulation

Hardback

By (author) Jürgen Gmehling, By (author) Bärbel Kolbe, By (author) Michael Kleiber, By (author) Jürgen Rarey

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  • Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH
  • Format: Hardback | 760 pages
  • Dimensions: 174mm x 244mm x 40mm | 1,601g
  • Publication date: 17 April 2012
  • Publication City/Country: Weinheim
  • ISBN 10: 3527312773
  • ISBN 13: 9783527312771
  • Illustrations note: 303 schwarz-weiße Abbildungen
  • Sales rank: 507,365

Product description

"The authors of this excellent book on chemical thermodynamics have achieved something rare -- taking one of the dreariest theoretical sciences and making it accessible. This book is a treasure trove...If you are interested in detailed and accessible thermodynamics, start and finish with this book." --Chemistry in Australia, September 2012 This is the only book to apply thermodynamics to real-world process engineering problems, explaining the thermodynamics behind simulations from the view of academic and industrial authors to users of simulation programs. It comprises numerous solved examples, which simplify the understanding of the often complex calculation procedures, and discusses their advantages and disadvantages. The text also includes such special models as for formaldehyde, polymers, and associating compounds. Estimation methods for thermophysical properties and phase equilibria and thermodynamics of alternative separation processes are covered, as are new developments from recent years. For a deeper understanding additional problems are given at the end of each chapter. To solve the complex problems prepared Mathcad files, Excel files or the DDBSP Explorer version can be accessed via the Internet. While written for an advanced level, the text is easy to understand for every chemical engineer and chemist with a basic education in thermodynamics and phase equilibria, teaching students the engineering perspective of thermodynamics but also of interest to all companies active in chemistry, pharmacy, oil and gas processing, petrochemistry, refinery, food production, environmental protection and engineering.

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Author information

Jurgen Gmehling studied chemical engineering in Essen and chemistry at the University of Dortmund, where he gained his doctorate in inorganic chemistry in 1973. From 1977 to 1978 he worked with Prof. J.M. Prausnitz at the Department of Chemical Engineering in Berkeley, California, before taking up his present post as Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Oldenburg in 1989. He is also president and CEO of DDBST GmbH, Oldenburg, as well as cofounder of LTP GmbH, part of the Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg. Professor Gmehling has received various awards, such as the Arnold-Eucken Prize from the GVC, the Rossini Lecture Award 2008 from the International Association of Chemical Thermodynamics, and the Gmelin-Beilstein Denkmunze from the GDCh. His research is concentrated on the computer-aided synthesis, design and optimization of chemical processes. After graduating in chemical engineering, Barbel Kolbe completed her thesis in 1983 at the University of Dortmund in the research group led by Jurgen Gmehling, with whom she continued to work for another three years. During this time she participated in the publication of the Dechema Chemistry Data Series on VLE as well as the first edition of this book in German. Dr. Kolbe has been working for over twenty years as a senior process engineer first for Krupp Koppers GmbH and, since 1997, for ThyssenKrupp Uhde. The main focus of her research is on thermophysical properties, thermal separation technology and new processes. After graduating in mechanical engineering, Michael Kleiber worked as a scientific assistant at the TU Brunswick, where he completed his thesis in 1994. After this, he worked for the former Hoechst AG and its successors in the fields of process development, process simulation and engineering calculations, before moving to ThyssenKrupp Uhde as a Chief Development Engineer. Dr. Kleiber is a member of the German Board of Thermodynamics and contributor to several standard works on process engineering, such as the VDI Heat Atlas, Winnacker-Kuchler and Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Jurgen Rarey studied chemistry and gained his PhD in chemical engineering. He has held a permanent position at the University of Oldenburg in Prof. Gmehling's group since 1989, the same year he cofounded DDBST GmbH. For the past 20 years he has taught many courses on applied thermodynamics for chemical process simulation for external participants from industry both in Oldenburg, as well as in-house for companies from around the world. Dr. Rarey is also an honorary professor in Durban, South Africa.

Review quote

"If you are interested in detailed and accessible thermodynamics, start and finish with this book." (Chemistry in Australia, September 2012)

Back cover copy

This is the only book to apply thermodynamics to real-world process engineering problems, explaining the thermodynamics behind simulations from the view of academic and industrial authors to users of simulation programs. It comprises numerous solved examples, which simplify the understanding of the often complex calculation procedures, and discusses their advantages and disadvantages. The text also includes such special models as for formaldehyde, polymers, and associating compounds. Estimation methods for thermophysical properties and phase equilibria and thermodynamics of alternative separation processes are covered, as are new developments from recent years. For a deeper understanding additional problems are given at the end of each chapter. To solve the complex problems prepared Mathcad files, Excel files or the DDBSP Explorer version can be accessed via the Internet. While written for an advanced level, the text is easy to understand for every chemical engineer and chemist with a basic education in thermodynamics and phase equilibria, teaching students the engineering perspective of thermodynamics but also of interest to all companies active in chemistry, pharmacy, oil and gas processing, petrochemistry, refinery, food production, environmental protection and engineering.

Table of contents

INTRODUCTION PVT BEHAVIOR OF PURE COMPONENTS General Description Caloric Properties Ideal Gases Real Fluids Equations of State CORRELATION AND ESTIMATION OF PURE COMPONENT PROPERTIES Characteristic Physical Property Constants Temperature-Dependent Properties Correlation and Estimation of Transport Properties PROPERTIES OF MIXTURES Property Changes of Mixing Partial Molar Properties Gibbs-Duhem Equation Ideal Mixture of Ideal Gases Ideal Mixture of Real Fluids Excess Properties Fugacity in Mixtures Activity and Activity Coefficient Application of Equations of State to Mixtures PHASE EQUILIBRIA IN FLUID SYSTEMS Thermodynamic Fundamentals Application of Activity Coefficient Models Calculation of Vapor-Liquid Equilibria Using gE-Models Fitting of gE-Model Parameters Calculation of Vapor-Liquid Equilibria Using Equations of State Conditions for the Occurrence of Azeotropic Behavior Solubility of Gases in Liquids Liquid-Liquid Equilibria Predictive Models CALORIC PROPERTIES Caloric Equations of State Enthalpy Description in Process Simulation Programs Caloric Properties in Chemical Reactions The G-Minimization Technique ELECTROLYTE SOLUTIONS Introduction Thermodynamics of Electrolyte Solutions Activity Coefficient Models for Electrolyte Solutions Dissociation Equilibria Influence of Salts on the Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Behavior Complex Electrolyte Systems SOLID-LIQUID EQUILIBRIA Thermodynamic Relations for the Calculation of Solid-Liquid Equilibria Salt Solubility Solubility of Solids in Supercritical Fluids MEMBRANE PROCESSES Osmosis Pervaporation POLYMER THERMODYNAMICS Introduction gE-models Equations of State Influence of Polydispersity APPLICATIONS OF THERMODYNAMICS IN SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY Verification of Model Parameters Prior to Process Simulation Investigation of Azeotropic Points in Multicomponent Systems Residue Curves, Distillation Boundaries, and Distillation Regions Selection of Entrainers for Azeotropic and Extractive Distillation Selection of Solvents for Other Separation Processes Examination of the Applicability of Extractive Distillation for the Separation of Aliphatics from Aromatics ENTHALPY OF REACTION AND CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIA Enthalpy of Reaction Chemical Equilibrium Multiple Chemical Reaction Equilibria SPECIAL APPLICATIONS Formaldehyde Solutions Vapor Phase Association PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS Flash Joule-Thomson Effect Adiabatic Compression and Expansion Pressure Relief Limitations of Equilibrium Thermodynamics INTRODUCTION TO THE COLLECTION OF EXAMPLE PROBLEMS Mathcad Examples Examples Using the Dortmund Data Bank (DDB) and the Integrated Software Package DDBSP Examples Using Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Office VBA APPENDIX A Pure Component Parameters APPENDIX B Coefficients for High Precision Equations of State APPENDIX C Useful Derivations APPENDIX D Standard Thermodynamic Properties for Selected Electrolyte Compounds APPENDIX E Regression Technique for Pure Component Data APPENDIX F Regression Techniques for Binary Parameters Appendix G Ideal Gas Heat Capacity Polynomial Coefficients for Selected Compounds APPENDIX H UNIFAC Parameters APPENDIX I Modified UNIFAC Parameters APPENDIX J PSRK Parameters APPENDIX K VTPR Parameters Index