Blood of the Provinces: The Roman Auxilia and the Making of Provincial Society from Augustus to the Severans

Blood of the Provinces: The Roman Auxilia and the Making of Provincial Society from Augustus to the Severans

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By (author) Ian Haynes

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  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Format: Hardback | 448 pages
  • Dimensions: 162mm x 236mm x 34mm | 860g
  • Publication date: 15 November 2013
  • Publication City/Country: Oxford
  • ISBN 10: 0199655340
  • ISBN 13: 9780199655342
  • Illustrations note: 50 in-text black and white illustrations
  • Sales rank: 492,244

Product description

Blood of the Provinces is the first fully comprehensive study of the largest part of the Roman army, the auxilia. This non-citizen force constituted more than half of Rome's celebrated armies and was often the military presence in some of its territories. Diverse in origins, character, and culture, they played an essential role in building the empire, sustaining the unequal peace celebrated as the pax Romana, and enacting the emperor's writ. Drawing upon the latest historical and archaeological research to examine recruitment, belief, daily routine, language, tactics, and dress, this volume offers an examination of the Empire and its soldiers in a radical new way. Blood of the Provinces demonstrates how the Roman state addressed a crucial and enduring challenge both on and off the battlefield - retaining control of the miscellaneous auxiliaries upon whom its very existence depended. Crucially, this was not simply achieved by pay and punishment, but also by a very particular set of cultural attributes that characterized provincial society under the Roman Empire. Focusing on the soldiers themselves, and encompassing the disparate military communities of which they were a part, it offers a vital source of information on how individuals and communities were incorporated into provincial society under the Empire, and how the character of that society evolved as a result.

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Author information

Ian Haynes is Professor of Archaeology at Newcastle University. He has worked on Roman sites in Britain, Italy, Germany, Romania, Bulgaria, and the Czech Republic, and is currently project director of excavations at Maryport, Cumbria. Professor Haynes was formerly chair of the archaeology committee of the Roman Society and is a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, and a trustee of both the Clayton Trust and the Vindolanda Trust.

Review quote

fascinating and authoritative... Essential for students of the Roman world, this book also offers plenty of interest to more general readers. Current Archaeology superb study Times Literary Supplement For those with a serious interest in the Roman army and more widely in the impact of the Roman empire on provincial populations, I have no hesitation in recommending a book that came out late last year - Ian Haynes, The Blood of the Provinces. Adrian Goldsworthy, Ancient Historian and Novelist This book is a crucial contribution not only to Roman military studies but to Roman archaeology and history more generally ... Blood of the Provinces has set the bar high for future work on the Roman military Tyler Franconi, Bryn Mawr Classical Review

Table of contents

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ; ABBREVIATIONS ; LIST OF FIGURES ; LIST OF TABLES ; 1. Introduction Blood of the Provinces ; SECTION 1: THE AUXILIA AND THE STRUCTURES OF IMPERIAL POWER ; 2. The formative years: from the Late Republic to the Death of Tiberius ; 3. Together under the name of Romans : The auxilia from Claudius to Trajan ; 4. A New Provincialism: Hadrian and the Antonine Revolutions ; 5. Shifting Fortunes: The auxilia under the Severans ; SECTION 2: THE HUMAN RESOURCE: THE RECRUITMENT OF THE AUXILIA AND ITS CONSEQUENCES ; 6. The Captive Body: Individual Recruitment ; 7. Geopolitics: How Rome selectively exploited the manpower of the provinces ; 8. Recruitment and the limits of localism ; 9. Ethnic exceptionalism? Examining special recruitment practices ; SECTION 3: A HOME FROM ROME: DAILY LIFE IN THE AUXILIA ; 10. Military Service and the Urban Experience ; 11. Incorporation through routine: the power of everyday life ; SECTION 4: THROUGH THE EYES OF BELIEVERS: RELIGION, RITUAL ACTIVITY AND CULT PRACTICE ; 12. Sacred space and sacred time in the iauxiliar ; 13. Centralising cult ; 14. Distinct cult communities within the auxilia ; SECTION 5: ARMS AND THE MEN: EQUIPMENT, TACTICS AND IDENTITY ; 15. Armoury of the Bricoleur? The disparate origins of auxiliary equipment ; 16. Status, competition and military adornment ; 17. Between Roman and Barbarian: Auxiliary soldiers on the Battlefield ; 18. Disarming ethnicity? Ethnic fighting traditions in the alae and cohortes ; SECTIION 6: PEN AND SWORD: COMMUNICATION AND CULTURAL TRANSFORMATION ; 19. The Spoken Word ; 20. The Written Word ; SECTION 7: AUXILIARY VETERANS AND THE MAKING OF PROVINCIAL SOCIETY ; 21. Veterani and other veterans ; 22. Conclusion: Embodying Rome ; BIBLIOGRAPHY ; INDEX