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    The Birds of Northern Melanesia: Speciation, Dispersal and Biogeography (Hardback) By (author) Ernst Mayr, By (author) Jared M. Diamond

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    DescriptionErnst Mayr is one of the principal architects of the 'neo-Darwinian synthesis', which has been the dominant perspective in 20th century evolutionary biology. Jared Diamond is one of the most wide-ranging minds in biology, and winner of the Pulitzer Prize for "Guns, Germs, and Steel". Mayr and Diamond decided in 1970 to collaborate on an authoritative monograph presenting their data and interpretations of the evolution of the birds of the Solomon and Bismark Islands. Mayr's numerous expeditions to do fieldwork in this area, beginning in 1929 and continuing through 1976, form the core of his scientific work. Diamond has made four expeditions to the region since 1970 to fill in gaps in the data.

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    The Birds of Northern Melanesia
    Speciation, Dispersal and Biogeography
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Ernst Mayr, By (author) Jared M. Diamond
    Physical properties
    Format: Hardback
    Number of pages: 548
    Width: 188 mm
    Height: 260 mm
    Thickness: 38 mm
    Weight: 1,192 g
    ISBN 13: 9780195141702
    ISBN 10: 0195141709

    B&T Book Type: NF
    BIC E4L: SCI
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: S7.1
    LC subject heading:
    B&T Modifier: Region of Publication: 03
    BIC subject category V2: PSAJ, PSVW6
    B&T General Subject: 560
    B&T Modifier: Academic Level: 01
    BIC geographical qualifier V2: 1MKL
    Ingram Subject Code: SE
    Libri: I-SE
    BISAC V2.8: SCI070000
    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 16750
    Ingram Theme: CULT/OCEANA
    B&T Merchandise Category: POD
    B&T Modifier: Geographic Designator: 11
    B&T Approval Code: A63704003
    BISAC V2.8: NAT004000, SCI027000
    DC22: 598/.09958
    LC classification: QL691.B52 M38 2001
    LC subject heading: ,
    DC22: 598.09958
    LC subject heading: ,
    DC21: 598.0995
    LC subject heading:
    BIC subject category V2: 1MKL
    Thema V1.0: WNCB, PSAJ, PSVJ
    Illustrations note
    9pp colour plates, numerous maps and tables
    Oxford University Press Inc
    Imprint name
    Oxford University Press Inc
    Publication date
    10 January 2002
    Publication City/Country
    New York
    Review quote
    Abundance of illustrations ... superb series of nine plates by Douglas Pratt that, for the first time, depict many of the forms in colour ... This definitive volume will inspire a new set of studies based on genetics and DNA, before too many of the unique island forms disappear. It will remain the ultimate work on island speciation. The Quarterly Review of Biology A unique and powerful data set with which to examine critical issues in ecology and evolution. Nature
    Table of contents
    INTRODUCTION ; PART 1: NORTHERN MELANESIA'S PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT ; 1. Geology and Geological History ; 2. Climate ; 3. Habitats and Vegetation ; 4. Terrestrial Vertebrates Other Than Birds ; PART 2: HUMAN HISTORY AND IMPACTS ; 5. Human History ; 6. Ornithological Exploration of Northern Melanesia ; 7. Exterminations of Bird Populations ; PART 3: THE NORTHERN MELANESIAN AVIFAUNA ; 8. Family Composition ; 9. Determinants of Island Species Number ; 10. Level of Endemism, Habitat Preference, and Abundance of Each Species ; 11. Overwater Dispersal Ability of Each Species ; 12. Distributional Ecology ; PART 4: COLONIZATION ROUTES ; 13. Proximate Origins of Northern Melanesian Populations ; 14. Upstream Colonization and Fuanal Dominance ; 15. Ultimate Origins of Northern Melanesian Populations ; PART 5: TAXONOMIC ANALYSIS: DIFFERENCES AMONG SPECIES ; 16. The Problem of Speciation ; 17. Stages of Geographical Speciation Among the Birds of Northern Melanesia ; 18. Absence of Geographic Variation ; 19. Geographic Variation: Subspecies ; 20. Geographic Variation: Megasubspecies ; 21. Geographic Variation: Allospecies ; 22. Completed Speciation ; 23. Hybridization ; 24. Endemic Species and Genera ; PART 6: GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS: DIFFERENCES AMONG ISLANDS ; 25. Endemism Index ; 26. Pairwise Differentiation Index ; 27. Pairwise Nonsharing Indices: Differences in Island Species Compositions ; 28. The Establishment of Geographic Isolates ; 29. Interarchipelagal Barriers ; 30. Barriers Within the Bismarcks ; 31. Barriers Within the Solomons ; 32. Speciation on Fragmented Solomon Islands ; 33. Differential Extinction and Species Occurrences on Fragmented Pleistocene Islands ; PART 7: SYNTHESIS, CONCLUSIONS, AND PROSPECTS ; 34. Conclusions about Speciation ; 35. Species Differences, Taxon Cycles, and the Evolution of Dispersal ; 36. Promising Directions for Future Research ; MAPS ; APPENDICES ; APPENDIX 1: SYSTEMATIC LIST: BREEDING LAND AND FRESHWATER NATIVE BIRDS OF NORTHERN MELANESIA ; APPENDIX 2: NONBREEDING VISITORS TO NORTHERN MELANESIA ; APPENDIX 3: INTRODUCED BIRD SPECIES IN NORTHERN MELANESIA ; APPENDIX 4: CHRONOLOGIES OF ORNITHOLOGICAL EXPLORATION ; APPENDIX 5: ATTRIBUTES OF EACH BIRD SPECIES ; APPENDIX 6: EVIDENCE OF OVERWATER DISPERSAL ABILITY OF EACH SPECIES AND ALLOSPECIES IN THE BISMARCKS AND SOLOMONS ; APPENDIX 7: DISTRIBUTIONS AND ORIGINS OF NORTHERN MELANESIAN BIRD POPULATIONS ; REFERENCES ; INDEX