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The Basics of Oil Spill Cleanup

The Basics of Oil Spill Cleanup

Hardback

By (author) Merv Fingas

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  • Publisher: CRC Press Inc
  • Format: Hardback | 286 pages
  • Dimensions: 156mm x 235mm x 20mm | 706g
  • Publication date: 18 January 2013
  • Publication City/Country: Bosa Roca
  • ISBN 10: 143986246X
  • ISBN 13: 9781439862469
  • Edition: 3, Revised
  • Edition statement: 3rd Revised edition
  • Illustrations note: 184 black & white illustrations, 22 black & white tables
  • Sales rank: 1,171,455

Product description

Reflecting the rapid progress in cleanup technology since the previous edition, this revised and expanded third edition of The Basics of Oil Spill Cleanup covers current cleanup techniques, how oil spills are measured and detected, and the properties of the oil and its long-term fate in the environment. It also deals with why, how often, and where oil spills occur as well as the chemical composition and physical properties of various oil types. The chapters describe surface and remote sensing technologies used to detect and track oil slicks, and methods to contain oil on water (booms and ancillary equipment) and recover oil from the water surface (skimmers, sorbents, and manual recovery). The author discusses the use of pumps, in-situ burning, and chemical agents, such as dispersants, for oil removal. He also addresses oil-contaminated shorelines and the effects and behavior of oil on different ecosystems and the various organisms within them. Written for the general public as well as those directly involved with oil spill cleanup, this edition provides broad, up-to-date knowledge of the cleanup and control of spills.

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Author information

Merv Fingas, M.Sc., MBA, Ph.D., has worked for more than 38 years in the field of oil spill technology. He was chief of Environment Canada's Environmental Emergencies Technology Centre in Ottawa for over 30 years. He has conducted research in spill dynamics and behavior, and studies of spill treating agents, in-situ burning of oil, and oil spill chemistry and analysis. Dr. Fingas has authored or coauthored more than 800 technical reports and papers on various aspects of oil or chemical research. These include topics such as oil emulsion formation, oil evaporation, treating agent testing and use, studies of oil analysis and fingerprinting, in-situ burning of oil, oil spill remote sensing, and personal protection equipment. This is his seventh book.

Review quote

"This book is a welcomed update of the second edition ... The book provides an excellent introduction for newcomers to the field of oil spills. The book is well-written for the broad audience for which it is intended and would be very useful as a required or recommended textbook for introductory oil spill courses." -Dr. Carl E. Brown, Environment Canada "A well written book in which the subject matter is addressed in a comprehensive way and well organized for easy reference. ... The text is complemented by excellent photographs, diagrams and tables. Most importantly, the new edition is fully up-to-date, reflecting the latest developments in our knowledge of oil spill clean-up and the techniques available for mitigating the effects of oil spills." -John McMurtrie, Secretary, International Spill Control Organization Praise for Previous Editions "... presents a practical perspective and overview in dealing with on-and off-shore oil spills that can potentially affect sensitive coastal environments and habitats ... Certainly when oil spills occur, notably in a highly visible, sensitive and/or media concentrated area, such a book provides a good synopses as to the methods employed when dealing with such circumstances." -Stephen M. Testa, Testa Environmental Corporation

Table of contents

Oil Spills: Why Do They Happen and How Often? How Often Do Spills Occur? Some Oil Spill Facts Response to Oil Spills Oil Spill Contingency Plans Communication Systems Oil Spill Cooperatives Private and Government Response Organizations Cost Recovery Types of Oil and Their Properties The Composition of Oil Properties of Oil Correlation between Properties Behavior of Oil in the Environment The Importance of Behavior and Fate An Overview of Weathering Movement of Oil and Oil Spill Modeling Analysis, Detection, and Remote Sensing of Oil Spills The Importance of Analytical and Detection Technologies Sampling and Laboratory Analysis Field Analysis Detection and Surveillance Remote Sensing Containment on Water Types of Booms and Their Construction Uses of Booms Boom Failures Tow Forces Ancillary Equipment Sorbent Booms and Barriers Special Purpose Booms Oil Recovery on Water Skimmers Sorbents Manual Recovery Separation, Pumping, Decontamination, and Disposal Temporary Storage Pumps Separation Decontamination Disposal Spill-Treating Agents Dispersants Surface-Washing Agents Emulsion Breakers and Inhibitors Recovery Enhancers Solidifiers Sinking Agents Biodegradation Agents In-Situ Burning Advantages Disadvantages Ignition and What Will Burn Burn Efficiency and Rates Use of Containment Emissions from Burning Oil Summary Shoreline Cleanup and Restoration Behavior of Oil on Shorelines Environmental Effects of Oil on Shorelines Types of Shorelines and Their Sensitivity to Oil Shoreline Countermeasures Assessment Technique Shoreline Protection Measures Cleanup Methods Oil Spills on Land Behavior of Oil on Land Movement of Oil on Land Surface Movement of Oil in the Subsurface Habitats and Ecosystems Cleanup of Surface Spills Cleanup of Subsurface Spills Effects of Oil Spills on the Environment Biological Effects Aquatic Environments Land Birds Damage Assessment Restoration Net Environmental Benefits Glossary Reading for Further Information Index