Backwards and Forwards: a Technical Manual for Reading Plays

Backwards and Forwards: a Technical Manual for Reading Plays


By (author) David Ball

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  • Publisher: Southern Illinois University Press
  • Format: Paperback | 104 pages
  • Dimensions: 135mm x 216mm x 8mm | 136g
  • Publication date: 31 December 1998
  • Publication City/Country: Carbondale
  • ISBN 10: 0809311100
  • ISBN 13: 9780809311101
  • Edition: 2
  • Edition statement: 2nd
  • Sales rank: 131,150

Product description

This guide to playreading for students and practitioners of both theater and literature complements, rather then contradicts or repeats, traditional methods of literary analysis of scripts. Ball developed his method during his work as Literary Director at the Guthrie Theater, building his guide on the crafts playwrights of every period and style use to make their plays stageworthy. The text is full of tools for students and practitioners to use as they investigate plot, character, theme, exposition, imagery, motivation/obstacle/conflict, theatricality, and the other crucial parts of the superstructure of a play. He includes guides for discovering what the playwright considers the play's most important elements, thus permitting interpretation based on the foundation of the play rather than its details. Using Hamlet as illustration, Ball assures a familiar base for illustrating script-reading techniques as well as examples of the kinds of misinterpretation readers can fall prey to by ignoring the craft of the playwright. Of immense utility to those who want to put plays on the stage (actors, directors, designers, production specialists) Backwards and Forwards is also a fine playwriting manual because the structures it describes are the primary tools of the playwright.

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Author information

David Ball is Professor of playwriting, acting, theater history, and literature at Carnegie-Mellon University and Artistic Director, Pittsburgh Metropolitan Stage Company. He has published two plays, "Assassin! "and an adaptation of "Woyzeck," and has written and directed more than one hundred plays in professional, academic, and community theaters.

Review quote

"Ball wrote ["Backwards and Forwards"]""to help people who put on plays understand how a play works... He argues that scripts represent a special kind of writing--because it is writing meant to be staged, not read-- and thus requires special reading techniques; these techniques are what he offers."--"Dramatics"