The Athenian Democracy in the Age of Demosthenes: Structure, Principles and IdeologyPaperback The Ancient World Series
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- Publisher: BLACKWELL PUBLISHERS
- Format: Paperback | 352 pages
- Dimensions: 152mm x 229mm x 23mm | 644g
- Publication date: 1 September 1991
- Publication City/Country: Oxford
- ISBN 10: 0631180176
- ISBN 13: 9780631180173
- Illustrations note: glossary, indexes
When democratic rule was ended by the conquering Macedonians in 322, the Athenians had evolved principles and practice of democratic ideology that became the direct inspiration of those liberal ideas cherished by the Western world in the 19th and 20th centuries. Mogens Hansen examines Athenian democracy both as a political system and as an ideology. In describing the former he distinguished between the three major decision-making organs - the Assembly, the Legislators and the Peoples Courts, and the magistrates who were responsible both for preparing the agenda for the legislature and for carrying its decisions into effect. In discussing Athenian democratic ideology Dr Hansen also makes the important distinction between the ideals held by the democrats themselves and those imputed to them by the critics of democracy, principally (and ironically, given that they would barely have survived under any other system) the philosophers. The Athenians conceived liberty both as the ability to participate in the decision-making process, and as the right to live without oppression from the state or other citizens. Equality was conceived not as an equality of nature, but as an equality of opportunity. "The Athenian Democracy in the Age of Demosthenes" is based on more than 30 years sustained research.
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Mogens Herman Hansen is Reader in Classical Philology at the University of Copenhagen. He was visiting fellow of Wolfson College, Cambridge, in 1974, of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, in 1983, and of Churchhill College, Cambridge, in 1990. His books include "Sovereignty of the People's Court in Athens" (1974), "Demography and Democracy" (1985) and the "Athenian Assembly in the Age of Demosthenes" (1987).
"The most comprehensive and detailed account of the workings of the Athenian democracy by its most authoritative and knowledgeable historian. Aristotle would have been well pleased." " Times Literary Supplement""An excellent book." "The Classical Review""Truly original works that change the focus of a well-established field of study are rare. Hansen's book is such a work." " Social & Behavioral Sciences "
Table of contents
Direct democracy in historical perspective; evidence; the Athenian Constitution down to 403 BC; Athens as city state and as democracy; the peoples of Athens; the assembly of the people; the laws and the Nomothetai; the people's court; the Magistrates; the Council of Five Hundred; the political leaders; the Council of the Areopagos; the character of Athenian Democracy.