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Athanasius and Constantius: Theology and Politics in the Constantinian Empire

Athanasius and Constantius: Theology and Politics in the Constantinian Empire

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By (author) Timothy David Barnes

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  • Publisher: HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS
  • Format: Paperback | 364 pages
  • Dimensions: 162mm x 230mm x 26mm | 558g
  • Publication date: 8 June 2001
  • Publication City/Country: Cambridge, Mass
  • ISBN 10: 067400549X
  • ISBN 13: 9780674005495
  • Edition statement: Revised ed.
  • Sales rank: 779,401

Product description

Edward Gibbon described Athanasius as a man "whose character and abilities would have qualified him, far more than the degenerate sons of Constantine, for the government of a great monarchy". During his long tenure of the see from 328 to 373, the Bishop of Alexandria came into conflict with four Roman emperors - Constantine himself, his son Constantius, Julian the Apostate, and the "Arian" Valens. In this reconstruction of Athanasius's career, Timothy Barnes analyzes the nature and extent of the Bishop's power, especially as it intersected with the policies of these emperors. The life and writings of this combative figure - so central to the political struggles, theological controversies, and ecclesiastic developments of the fourth century - constitute an important chapter in the history of the early Christian church and the late Roman Empire. Barnes focuses on Athansius's long struggle with Constantius, who ruled the East from 337 to 361, a struggle amply documented in the works that Athanasius composed to defend himself against charges of treason and murder. Repeatedly condemned and deposed by church councils, the Bishop persistently resurfaced as a player to contend with in ecclesiastic and imperial politics. Barnes's work reveals that Athanasius's writings, though a significant source for this period, are riddled with deliberate misrepresentations, which historians through the ages have uncritically accepted. Untangling longstanding misconceptions, Barnes aims to reveal the Bishop's true role in the struggles within Christianity, and in the relations between the emperor and the church at a critical juncture. As this book strives to demonstrate, religious policy and ecclesiastic politics were a constant and central concern to the emperors of the fourth century - despite their absence from many historical accounts.

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Author information

Timothy D. Barnes is Professor of Classics at the University of Toronto.

Review quote

Barnes's contribution to late Roman studies has been of the first importance. He often plays the role of devil's advocate, scrutinizing our preconceptions about the period and provoking us to think again about issues of central importance...Barnes has provided us with another masterpiece of historical reconstruction. A lucid narrative is supported by appendices and notes so detailed that they take up more than one-third of the book...No review can really do Barnes's work justice and it is impossible not to admire its richness...At a time when such studies are unfashionable, it is good to know that they have a defender of remarkable calibre. -- Mark Humphries Classical Review An indispensable chart for the tricky waters of fourth-century history. [Barnes>] has written another classic. -- John F. Drinkwater The Historian

Table of contents

Preface Chronology of Athanasius' Career and Writings Abbreviations 1. Introduction 2. Bishop Alexander 3. Athanasius and Constantine: History and Apologia 4. A Journey to Cappadocia 5. Arhanasius in Rome 6. Julius and Marcellus 7. The Intervention of Constans 8. The Council of Serdica 9. Athanasius and the Martyrs of Adrianople 10. Return to Alexandria 11. The Condemnation of 349 and Its Context 12. The Usurpation of Magnentius 13. Sirmium, Ark, and Milan 14. Apologia, Polemic, and Theology 15. New Theological Controversies 16. The Homoean Creed 17. The Elder Statesman 18. The Emperor and the Church, 324-361 19. Bishops and Society 20. Epilogue Appendices 1. TheFestal Letters 2. The Composition of the Defense against the Arians 3. TheDefense before Constantius 4. The Date of On the Council of Nicaea