Archeology of the Frobisher Voyages

Archeology of the Frobisher Voyages


Edited by William W. Fitzhugh, Edited by Jacqueline S. Olin

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  • Publisher: Smithsonian Books
  • Format: Hardback | 288 pages
  • Dimensions: 220mm x 285mm x 19mm | 950g
  • Publication date: 30 June 1993
  • Publication City/Country: Washington, DC
  • ISBN 10: 1560981717
  • ISBN 13: 9781560981718
  • Illustrations note: 212ill.

Product description

The three expeditions (1576-1578) of English explorer Martin Frobisher were among the most ambitious and best documented of the early period of British colonial expansion. Sailing into the Canadian Arctic in search of the Northwest Passage to the Orient, Frobisher established the first, albeit transient, English settlement in the New World, bringing back to Europe not the route to Cathay but news of his encounters with Inuit peoples and tons of what he vainly hoped was gold ore.Archeology of the Frobisher Voyages draws from the material remains of the Frobisher site (houses, mines, workshops, and ship ways) and of local contemporary Inuit sites and Inuit oral history the fullest account yet available of this earliest New World settlement. The contributors are archeologists, historians, and ethnographers who discuss the background and history of the Frobisher voyages and previous investigations of the site, particularly that of Charles Francis Hall, an American explorer who in 1861 was led by Inuit legend to camp on Kodlunarn or "white man's" island, off the southern coast of Baffin Island.Examining artifacts collected by Hall as well as new evidence gathered in three Smithsonian Institution research trips, the contributors reassess the structures and activities of Frobisher's men and the Inuit with whom they traded and fought. One artifact - a lump of iron yielding a problematic carbon-14 date two centuries before Frobisher landed - was collected by Charles Francis Hall and given to the Smithsonian in the nineteenth century. Three more of these artifacts were collected at Kodlunarn in the 1981 research trip, and their origins remain a mystery.

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