The Arabic Hermes: From Pagan Sage to Prophet of Science

The Arabic Hermes: From Pagan Sage to Prophet of Science

Hardback Oxford Studies in Late Antiquity

By (author) Kevin Van Bladel

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  • Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
  • Format: Hardback | 296 pages
  • Dimensions: 160mm x 236mm x 28mm | 544g
  • Publication date: 10 September 2009
  • Publication City/Country: New York
  • ISBN 10: 0195376137
  • ISBN 13: 9780195376135
  • Sales rank: 803,895

Product description

This is the first major study devoted to the early Arabic reception and adaption of the figure of Hermes Trismegistus, the legendary Egyptian sage to whom were ascribed numerous works on astrology, alchemy, talismans, medicine, and philosophy. The ancient Greek Hermetica, with which the tradition begins, are products of Roman Egypt of the second and third century CE. Thereafter, in late antiquity, they found a wide readership, both among pagans and Christians. Their ongoing popularity depended on the notion that Hermes had lived in extremely ancient times, perhaps before the Deluge, and his antiquity endowed him with a pristine intellectual priority and made him attractive as an authority in religious arguments. Early Arabic literature beginning in the eighth century also includes detailed discussions of Hermes Trismegistus, both as a teacher of ancient legend and as the alleged author of works on the apocryphal sciences, especially astrology. Moreover, Hermes is imagined in Arabic as a prophet, lawgiver, and the founder of ancient religion. This book shows how the Arabic Hermes developed out of the earlier Greek and other late antique traditions into something new, which would in turn form the background to the later reception of the Greek Hermetica in the Italian Renaissance. Assembling information in Greek, Arabic, Syriac, and Coptic primary sources, The Arabic Hermes will be of great interest to scholars in many fields, including Classics, Arabic Studies, Iranian Studies, Egyptology, and Medieval Studies.

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Author information

Kevin van Bladel is Assistant Professor of Classics, University of Southern California.

Review quote

With its inclusion of sources in Arabic, middle Persian, Syriac, Latin, Greek and all the major western academic languages, van Bladels book is nothing less than a rare example of what one can call a learned study. Goran Larsson, Journal of Semitic Studies Kevin van Bladel has produces an admirable study of the Arabic Hermetic tradition Bryn Mawr Classical Review must be surely recognized as a fundamental step forward in the research on Arabic Hermetism. Matteo Martelli, Nuncius I suggest that his work has the great potential to become a classical reference book for both late antiquity and the study of Hermetism. Goran Larsson, Journal of Semitic Studies, March 2014

Table of contents

Preface ; PART I: BACKGROUND ; 1. Introduction ; 2. Hermes in Sasanian Iran ; 3. Hermes and the S-abians of Harr-an ; Appendis to Chapter 3: The Harr-anians and India ; PART II: HISTORY OF THE ARABIC HERMES ; 4. The Three Hermeses ; 5. Hermes the Prophet ; 6. Conclusion: The Making of the Arabic Hermes ; Bibliography