Ancient World: Readings in Social and Cultural HistoryPaperback
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- Publisher: Prentice Hall
- Format: Paperback | 288 pages
- Dimensions: 175mm x 229mm x 20mm | 454g
- Publication date: 25 February 2009
- Publication City/Country: Upper Saddle River
- ISBN 10: 0205691870
- ISBN 13: 9780205691876
- Edition: 4, Revised
- Edition statement: 4th Revised edition
- Sales rank: 1,601,422
For courses in Ancient History (Ancient Near East - Egypt/Mesopotamia), Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome. This collection of primary sources focusing on the social and cultural history of the Ancient Near East, Greece, and Rome is designed to encourage students to examine issues pertaining to a broad range of themes through the analysis of relevant ancient literary and non-literary texts. Covering a wide variety of social and cultural concerns---ranging from marriage, family, war, and religion, to political culture, slavery, and entertainment---the texts are arranged thematically within a general chronological framework to provide a broad overview of life in the Ancient World. Note: This volume is the companion reader to D. Brendan Nagle's The Ancient World: A Social and Cultural History, 7/e.
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D. Brendan Nagle, "University of Southern California "Stanley M. Burstein, "California State University, Los Angeles"
Back cover copy
The Ancient World Readings in Social and Cultural History Fourth Edition D. Brendan Nagle Stanley M. Burstein Ideally suited as either a companion volume to "The Ancient World: A Social and Cultural History, Seventh Edition, "or as a stand-alone volume, "The Ancient World: Readings in Social and Cultural History, Fourth Edition "provides students of ancient history with a wide selection of texts illustrating the social and cultural life of the peoples of West Asia, the Mediterranean, and Europe, from the earliest recorded time to the 7th century A.D. In the "Fourth Edition," the authors have expanded their coverage of Greek intellectual history, particularly in a new chapter (Chapter 9) devoted to the fourth century B.C.
Table of contents
Preface Chapter 1 Temples and Priests 1.1 Flood Stories 1.1.1 The Flood in The Epic of Gilgamesh 1.1.2 The Flood in Genesis 1.2 Divinity and its Limitations 1.3 The Gods in Their Temples: A Sacred Marriage Drama 1.4 Sacred Prostitution 1.5 Covenant and Consequences 1.5.1 Hear O Israel! The Shema 1.5.2 The Covenant as a Marriage Contract: Hosea 1.6 The Call of the Prophet 1.7 Prophets and Palaces: Jeremiah Confronts the King 1.8 "I Will be With Him in Trouble": Personal Religion and Piety 1.9 Empire, Exile, and Monotheism 1.9.1 The Great Hymn to the Aten 1.9.2 Yahweh: The Lord of History 1.10 Tombs and Immortality 1.10.1 Book Writing: A New Form of Immortality 1.10.2 Caught in the Act: Ancient Egyptian Tomb Robbers Chapter 2 Palaces and Kings 2.1 Loyalty to the King: The Egyptian Theory of Government 2.2 But if Pharaoh Fails ... ? 2.3 Women in Power 2.3.1 Ku Baba 2.3.2 Zakutu, Wife of Sennacherib 2.3.3 Jezebel 2.3.4 Athaliah 2.4 A Critique of Kingship: The Negative View of Samuel 2.5 War and Warfare 2.5.1 Sumerian Intercity Wars: Umma versus Lagash 2.5.2 Sargon of Akkad: The Idea of Empire 2.5.3 Egyptian Imperialism and Terror 2.5.4 Assyrian Use of Terror 2.5.5 The Fall of Jerusalem 2.5.6 The Horrors of Siege 2.5.7 POWs and MIAs 2.6 "A Palace of Cedar, Cypress, Juniper ... and Tamarisk": Builders As Well As Destroyers 2.7 An Imperial Coup D'Etat: The Behistun Inscription of Darius I 2.8 "That the Strong Might Not Oppress the Weak, and That They Should Give Justice to Orphans and Widows" 2.8.1 Hammurapi's Justice 2.8.2 "To Fill the Vast Land with a Plenitude of Food and Lasting Happiness: The Characteristics of a Perfect Kingship" 2.8.3 The Justice of the Pharaoh 2.8.4 "They Carry the Sheaves, but Still Go Hungry; They Tread the Winepresses, yet Suffer Thirst" 2.8.5 A Model Persian Governor: Cyrus the Younger (ca. 400 B.C.) Chapter 3 Daily Life 3.1 Marriage and Property 3.2 Marriage and Children 3.3 Laws Regarding Sex 3.4 Disputes, Litigation, Punishment 3.4.1 Runaway Slaves 3.4.2 Crime and Punishment 3.4.3 Conducting Business 3.4.4 Negligence 3.4.5 Debt 3.5 Papyrus Lansing: A Bureaucrat's View of Life 3.6 "Wash and Perfume Yourself and Put on Your Best Clothes" Chapter 4 The Origin and Spread of the Polis System 4.1 A Greek Definition of the Polis 4.2 Greek Life in the Eighth Century B.C. 1: "The Shield of Achilles" 4.3 Greek Life in the Eighth Century B.C. 2: Hesiod's Works and Days 4.4 Colonization and the Expansion of the Polis System: The Case of Cyrene 4.4.1 Herodotus' Account 4.4.2 Oath of the Colonists 4.5 Greeks and Non-Greeks in the Greek Colonies: The Foundation of Lampsacus 4.6 Greeks and Scythians in the Black Sea: Coexistence and Interaction Chapter 5 Warfare and the Polis 5.1 The Aristocratic Warrior 5.1.1 The Warrior Ideal 5.1.2 The Warrior and Society: The Drinking Song of Hybrias 5.2 The Hoplite Revolution and the Citizen Soldier 5.2.1 The Reality of Battle 5.2.2 A Good Citizen: Tellus of Athens 5.2.3 Only Farmers Can Be Good Citizens 5.3 The Hoplite Polis: Sparta 5.4 Heroic Athletics: The Chariot Race at Patroclus' Funeral Games 5.5 An Athletic Dynasty: The Diagorids of Rhodes 5.6 Athletics and the Polis: A Philosophical Critique Chapter 6 The Crisis of the Archaic Polis 6.1 Aspects of Aristocratic Life at its Peak 6.1.1 A Fine Symposium: Xenophanes 6.1.2 The Life of an Aristocrat: Alcaeus 6.1.3 When You Are "Repulsive to Boys and a Laughingstock to Women": Mimnermus on Old Age 6.1.4 A Woman's View of Aristocratic Life: Sappho's "To Anactoria" 6.2 The Crisis of the Aristocracy 1: The Laments of Theognis 6.3 Portrait of a Vulgar Upstart: Anacreon 6.4 The Crisis of the Aristocracy 2: Corinth 6.5 The Crisis of the Aristocracy 3: Athens Chapter 7 Husbands, Wives, and Slaves: The Domestic Foundations of the Polis 7.1 The Education of a Wife 7.2 The Short Sad Life of a God Woman: The Epitaph of Sokratea of Paros 7.3 If Only We Could Reproduce Without Women ...! 7.4 Slaves: The Best and Most Necessary of Possessions 7.5 "We Have Mistresses for Our Pleasure": Sex and Slavery in the Oikos 7.6 Freedom and Its Problems: The Life of Neaera 7.7 How to Become a Slave: Be in the Wrong Place at the Wrong Time 7.8 The Slave Trade: A Eunuch's Revenge Chapter 8 Empire and Democracy: The Classical Polis 8.1 The Golden Age: A Greek View 8.2 The Persian Empire and the Greek WorldView 8.2.1 Greeks Are Newcomers Compared to the Egyptians 8.2.2 All Customs Are Relative 8.3 The Athenian Empire: Origins and Structure 8.4 Imperial Democracy: A Critical View 8.5 Athens and Her Subjects: The Case of Erythrae 8.6 Imperial Democracy: A Favorable View--Pericles' Funeral Oration (Selections) 8.7 The Plague at Athens (430--429 B.C.) 8.8 War and Politics: The Case of Corcyra 8.9 "War is a Hard Master": The Melian Dialogue 8.10 Religion in the Classical Polis: The Affair of the Herms 8.11 The Demos Must Be Pure: Athenian Law on Teachers and Their Students 8.12 Defeat and Hard Times: Athens after the Peloponnesian War Chapter 9 The Fourth Century: Century of Crisis and Innovation 9.1 Death of a Gadfly: The Apology of Socrates 9.2 Social Upheaval in Greece in the Fourth Century B.C. 9.2.1 Isocrates, Panegyricus (ca. 380 B.C.) 9.2.2 Political Revolution in Argos 9.3 Plato and the Turn to Monarchy 9.3.1 The Philosopher King as Savior of Greece 9.3.2 The Training of a Philosopher: The Allegory of the Cave 9.4 The Achievements of Philip II: Alexander the Great's Speech at Opis (324 B.C.) 9.5 New Philosophies and New Views of the Individual: Epicureanism and Stoicism 9.5.1 Epicurus' Principal Doctrines (selections) 9.5.2 Cleanthes' Hymn to Zeus Chapter 10 The Hellenistic Age 10.1 Alexander The Great: Two Contrasting Views 10.1.1 An Idealistic View 10.1.2 A Jaundiced View of Alexander's Conquests and Their Results 10.2 Alexandria and the Colonial World of Hellenistic Egypt 10.2.1 A Hellenistic Metropolis: Alexandria in Egypt 10.2.2 Middle-Class Life in Hellenistic Alexandria 10.2.3 "Take Particular Care That No Fraud Occur": The Ideal of Honest and Efficient Administration 10.2.4 Administrative Oppression in Ptolemaic Egypt: The Amnesty of 118 B.C. 10.3 Culture Contact, Culture Clash: Religion and Society in the Hellenistic World 10.3.1 The Origin of Sarapis 10.3.2 The Praises of Isis, Mistress of the Universe and Creator of Civilization 10.3.3 How Sarapis Came to Delos: The Family of Apollonios, Priest of Sarapis 10.3.4 Culture Clash: Jewish Resistance to Hellenism and the Origins of Hanukkah 10.4 Jewish Life in the Diaspora: The Synagogue 10.4.1 The Synagogue of Alexandria 10.4.2 Moses Ordains the Sabbath Ritual 10.5 "Ptolemy is a Good Paymaster": Opportunities and Social Roles in the Hellenistic Period 10.5.1 An Athenian Boy Makes Good: The Life of Kallias, Ptolemaic Governor of Halicarnassus (Athens, 270--269 B.C.) 10.5.2 The Dangerous Life of a Soldier of Fortune 10.5.3 Recommendation for a Government Job (Egypt, 255 B.C.) 10.5.4 A Woman in Politics: Phyle, Wife of Thessalos (Priene, First Century B.C.) 10.5.5 A Woman Philosopher: The Life of Hipparchia 10.5.6 A Professional Woman: Phanostrate, Midwife and Doctor (Athens, Fourth Century B.C.) 10.5.7 A Professional Woman: The Theban Harpist Polygnota, Daughter of Socrates (Delphi, 86 B.C.) 10.5.8 The Romance of Prince Antiochus and Queen Stratonice 10.5.9 The Marriage Contract of Heracleides and Demetria (311 B.C.) Chapter 11 Political Culture of the Roman Republic 11.1 Order and Liberty: The Monarchy and the Republic 11.2 The Importance of Concord: Secession and Concession 11.3 Values That Made Rome Great 11.3.1 "All Things Went Well When We Obeyed the Gods, but Badly When We Disobeyed Them": The Speech of Camillus 11.3.2 The Glory of Rome Before All Else: Mucius Scaevola 11.3.3 "The Laws of War and Peace": The Schoolmaster of Falerii 11.3.4 Fame, Family, and Self-Promotion: The Roman Funeral 11.3.5 Money-Making, Religion, Bribery 11.4 Getting Elected: Techniques for the Candidate Chapter 12 War and Warfare 12.1 The Enemy: A Roman View 12.1.1 Celtic Ferocity 12.1.2 The Samnite Enemy 12.2 Roman Ferocity: "Decius ... Summoning and Dragging to Himself the Army Devoted Along With Him" 12.3 Steadiness of the Romans: How They Coped With Defeat 12.4 The Complexities of War: Foreign and Domestic Issues 12.5 The Sack of Carthage 12.6 The Triumphal Parade of Aemilius Paullus 12.7 War as Personal Vengeance Chapter 13 Society and Culture in the Republic 13.1 "Secret Rites Performed at Night": The Bacchanalian Conspiracy 13.2 Patricians and Plebeians: Patrons and Clients 13.3 Patria Potestas and Materna Auctoritas: The Power of Fathers and Mothers Over Their Children 13.4 Marriage: Legalities and Realities 13.5 The Rape of Chiomara 13.6 "A Wife Without a Dowry is Under Her Husband's Thumb" 13.7 "Sell Worn-Out Oxen ... Old and Sick Slaves" 13.8 Economics of Farming Chapter 14 The Roman Revolution 14.1 "Greed, Unlimited and Unrestrained, Corrupted and Destroyed Everything" 14.2 Social and Economic Conditions: The Gracchi 14.3 Politicians and Generals Out of Control 14.4 Social and Cultural Changes 14.4.1 "The Beginnings of Foreign Luxury" 14.4.2 "He Mocked all Greek Culture and Learning" 14.4.3 In Defense of Public Service 14.4.4 Cicero on the Decadence of the Roman Elite 14.5 Women of the Late Republic: Standing up to the Triumvirs 14.6 The Augustan Settlement 14.7 The Reforms of Augustus 14.8 Reaction to Augustus' Moral Reforms Chapter 15 The Roman Peace 15.1 "They Make a Desert and Call it Peace": A View of Rome from the Provinces 15.2 Foreigners in the Roman Army 15.3 The Alternative: "If the Romans Are Driven Out What Else Can There be Except Wars Among All These Nations?" 15.4 A Roman View of Foreign Competition 15.5 "Nations by the Thousands ... Serve the Masters of the Entire World": What Held the Roman Empire together 15.6 Making it at Rome 15.6.1 The Career of an Emperor: Septimius Severus 15.6.2 A Celt Makes Good 15.6.3 Making It in the Ranks 15.7 Provincial Administration: Hands-On Style 15.8 Getting Along Together: The Role of Citizenship 15.9 The Role of Law Chapter 16 Society and Culture in the Roman Empire 16.1 Obligations of the Rich 16.2 Imperial Obligations 16.3 Religions and Moralities 16.3.1 Civic Religion 16.3.2 The Ideology of Paganism 16.3.3 The Divine Emperor 16.3.4 Rural Religions and Superstitions 16.3.5 A Holy Man Stops a Plague at Ephesus 16.3.6 Jesus of Nazareth 16.3.7 Paul of Tarsus 16.4 Christian Practice 16.5 Pliny's Encounter With Christianity 16.6 Rabbinic Judaism 16.7 Judaism of the Diaspora 16.7.1 Prologue to the Wisdom of Jesus the Son of Sirach 16.7.2 "The Mishnah Is the Holy One's Mystery" 16.8 Divination, Astrology, Magic 16.8.1 "Will Her Lover Outlive Her?" 16.8.2 "Thumbs Down Indicates Approval" 16.9 Moral Behavior 16.9.1 Moral Relativism 16.9.2 Moral Dogmatism Chapter 17 Daily Life in the Roman Empire 17.1 Peasant Life 17.2 City Life 17.2.1 How the Urban Lower Classes Coped 17.2.2 Upper Classes: Technology and the Good Life 17.2.3 Leisure: Gymnasia, the Baths, the Circus, the Arena 17.3 Daily Life as Seen Through the Law Codes 17.3.1 "If, While Several Persons Are Playing Ball ..." 17.3.2 Bequests 17.3.3 "Wolves Carried Away Some Hogs ..." 17.4 Family Life 17.4.1 An Affectionate Paterfamilias 17.4.2 A Satirist's View of Marriage 17.4.3 A Moralist's View of Marriage 17.4.4 An Affectionate Marriage 17.4.5 An Epitaph for a Wife 17.4.6 Friendship Among Wives: A Birthday Invitation 17.4.7 Epitaphs for Children 17.4.8 Christian Marriage: Paul's View 17.4.9 Abortion and Infanticide Chapter 18 The Transformed Empire 18.1 "Now Declining Into Old Age": A Review of Roman History from a Late-Empire Viewpoint 18.2 New Founders of Rome: Diocletian and Constantine 18.3 Constantine and Christianity 18.4 The Majesty of Emperors: Desires and Realities 18.4.1 The Entry of Constantius into Rome: A.D. 357 18.4.2 The Emperor, the Truth, and Corruption 18.4.3 The Emperor and the Barbarians 18.5 Christianity, Rome, and Classical Culture 18.5.1 A Different Vision 18.5.2 Organization and Ideology 18.5.3 The Pagan Response 18.5.4 When the Shoe Was on the Other Foot 18.6 The Hellenization and Romanization of Christianity 18.6.1 Faith and Syllogisms 18.6.2 Justin Martyr: "Christianity Is the True Philosophy" 18.6.3 Monasticism 18.7 The Fall of Rome Chapter 19 Late Antiquity: The World of the Abrahamic Religions 19.1 The Conversion of a Barbarian King 19.2 Byzantine Grandeur: The Church of Holy Wisdom, Hagia Sophia 19.3 The Splendor of the Byzantine Court 19.4 Augustine's Two Cities: The City of God and the City of Man 19.5 "There are Two Powers by Which This World is Ruled" 19.6 The Quran: The Sacred Scriptures of Islam 19.6.1 The Five Pillars of Islam 9.6.2 Abraham: The First Muslim 19.6.3 The People of the Book 19.6.4 Jihad: The Sixth Pillar of Islam 19.6.5 Islamic Eschatology: The Mahdi, the Antichrist, and the Second Coming of Jesus