Ancient Near Eastern History and Culture

Ancient Near Eastern History and Culture

Paperback

By (author) William H. Stiebing

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  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Format: Paperback | 416 pages
  • Dimensions: 191mm x 231mm x 20mm | 590g
  • Publication date: 17 February 2008
  • Publication City/Country: New York, NY
  • ISBN 10: 032142297X
  • ISBN 13: 9780321422972
  • Edition: 2, Revised
  • Edition statement: 2nd Revised edition
  • Illustrations note: Illustrations, maps
  • Sales rank: 493,409

Product description

This general introduction to the history and culture of the Ancient Near East, including Egypt, offers the right amount of detail for the course without being encyclopedic. Organized by the periods, kingdoms, and empires generally used in Near Eastern political history, the book interlaces social and cultural history with the political narrative. This combination allows readers to get a rounded introduction to the subject of Ancient Near Eastern history.

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Ancient Near Eastern History and CultureWilliam H. Stiebing Jr.Second Edition "Simply the best textbook currently available for the study of the Ancient Near East and Egypt. It is a well-written, intelligent, up-to-date survey that provides students with an excellent background while at the same time holding their interest."- Devin J. Steward, Emory University "Far and away the very best textbook available for a general history course on the Ancient Near East."- Glen Cooper, Brigham Young University Organized by the periods, kingdoms, and empires generally used in Near Eastern political history, this text interlaces social and cultural history with a political narrative. An emphasis on historical debates and areas of uncertainty helps students understand how evidence is used to create interpretations and that several different interpretations of history are possible. New FeaturesControversial issues are highlighted in sections titled "Debating the Evidence," making it easier for students and teachers to find and use the portions of the text devoted to scholarly arugments about the evidence for various aspects of ancient Near Eastern history.A new Chapter 4, "The Old Babylonian Period and Its Aftermath" gives more insight into this important period.More information is provided on culture and economy, especially in the sections on the Old Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian, and Neo-Babylonian periods. Visit us at www.ablongman.com/history

Table of contents

List of Tables, Figures, Maps, and Documents  Preface  Acknowledgments CHAPTER 1Introduction  Studying the Ancient Near East  What Is the â Near Eastâ ?  The Nature of Historical Study  Antiquityâ s â Cluesâ   Creating a Chronology for the Ancient Near East  A Note on Chronological Terminology: b.c.e./c.e. vs. b.c./a.d. Absolute and Relative Chronology  Sources for Ancient Near Eastern Chronology Prelude: Near Eastern Prehistory  The Origins of Sedentary Life (c. 10,500â 8300 b.c.e.)  Early Agricultural Communities in Southwest Asia (c. 8300â 6000 b.c.e.)  The Development of Complex Societies in Southwest Asia (c. 6000â 3700 b.c.e.)  Early Cultures of the Nile Valley (c. 8000â 3500 b.c.e.)  Debating the Evidence: The Emergence of Social Stratification and Male DominanceCHAPTER 2The Dawn of Civilization in Western Asia  The Emergence of Mesopotamian Civilization (c. 3700â 3000 b.c.e.)  The Urban Revolution The Development of Cuneiform Writing Debating the Evidence: The Origin of the Sumerians  Other People of MesopotamiaThe Emergence of Elam The Mesopotamian Early Dynastic Period (c. 3000â 2330 b.c.e.)  An Era of Independent City States Debating the Evidence: The â Royal Tombsâ of Ur Mesopotamian Culture During the Early Dynastic Era  Religion and World View Debating the Evidence: The Sacred Marriage Ceremony The Development of Kingship Economy and Society Education, Literature, and the Arts Science, Technology, and Warfare Urbanization in Other Areas of Western Asia (c. 3300â 2300 b.c.e.)  Early Bronze Age Syria and Palestine Early Bronze Age Anatolia and Iran CHAPTER 3The First Mesopotamian Empires  The Akkadian Empire (c. 2334â 2193 b.c.e.)  65Sargon of Akkad (c. 2334â 2279 b.c.e)Sargonâ s Successors  Debating the Evidence: Divine Kingship  Administration of the Empire  Debating the Evidence: Reasons for Empireâ s Collapse The Third Dynasty of Ur (c. 2112â 2004 b.c.e.)  Urâ s Rise to Power  Shulgiâ s Reforms  The Fall of Ur  Persian Gulf and Central Asian Civilizations  Dilmun, Magan, and Meluhha  The Oxus Civilization  CHAPTER 4The Old Babylonian Period and Its Aftermath The â Interregnumâ After the Fall of Ur  (2000-1800 B.C.E.)The Assyrian Merchant Colony at KaneshThe Ascendancy of Isin and LarsaHammurabi and His Dynasty (c. 1800-1595 B.C.E.)Shamshi-Adadâ s EmpireHammurabi and His Successors  Old Babylonian Cultural Developments  LiteratureDebating the Evidence: The â Codeâ of HammurabiBabylonian Society in the â Codeâ The Hittite Old KingdomDebating the Evidence: Indo-European OriginsThe Emergence of a Hittite State  The Emergence of New Peoples  The Hurrians and the Kingdom of Mitanni   Kassite Rule in Babylonia  CHAPTER 5EGYPT TO THE END OF THE OLD KINGDOM  The Late Predynastic Era (c. 3500â 3000 b.c.e)  The Geography of Egypt and Nubia  The People of the Nile Valley  Prelude to Civilization: The Naqada II Period   The Formation of the Egyptian State (c. 3050â 2686 b.c.e.)  Debating the Evidence: The Process of Unification  The Development of Egyptian Writing  The Early Dynastic Period (Dynasties 1 and 2)   Major Elements of Egyptian Culture  Maâ at  Divine Kingship  Burial and the Afterlife  Religion and Ritual  The Old Kingdom (Dynasties 3â 6, c. 2686â 2180 b.c.e.)  Djoser and the First Pyramid  The Zenith of Royal Power: The Fourth Dynasty (c. 2613â 2498 b.c.e.)  Debating the Evidence: Dating the Great SphinxThe Latter Part of the Old Kingdom: Dynasties 5 and 6 (c. 2498â 2180 b.c.e.)  Early Egyptian Society and Culture  CHAPTER 6The Rise And Fall Of The Egyptian Middle Kingdom  The First Intermediate Period: Dynasties 7â 11a (c. 2180â 2040 b.c.e.)  Where is Maâ at?  139The Intermediate Periodâ s Effects  The Middle Kingdom: Dynasties 11bâ 13a (c. 2040â 1720 b.c.e.)  The Establishment of the Middle Kingdom  The Impressive Twelfth Dynasty  Cultural Developments During the Middle Kingdom  The Second Intermediate Period: Dynasties 13bâ 17 (c. 1720â 1540 b.c.e.)  The Onset of the Second Intermediate Period  The Kingdom of Kush (Upper Nubia)  Hyksos Rule and the Dynasty at Thebes: Dynasties 15 and 17 (c. 1650â 1540 b.c.e.)  Debating the Evidence: Hyksos Relations with the Levant  Egyptian and Levantine Contacts with the Minoan Culture of Crete  CHAPTER 7EGYPTâ S POWERFUL EIGHTEENTH DYNASTY  The Beginning of the Egyptian New Kingdom (c. 1550â 1479 b.c.e.)  162The Early Eighteenth Dynasty  Debating the Evidence: The  â Royal Heiressâ Theory  Hatshepsut and Thutmose III (c. 1479â 1425 b.c.e.)  Hatshepsut Becomes King  The Sole Rule of Thutmose III  The Egyptian Empire at Its Height (c. 1425â 1350 b.c.e.)  The Reigns of Amenhotep II and Thutmose IV  Amenhotep III, â The Magnificentâ   The New Egyptian Army  Late Bronze Age Canaan (Palestine and Coastal Syria)  Relations with the Aegean Kingdoms  Akhenaton and the Amarna Period (c. 1350â 1334 b.c.e.)  Controversies of the Amarna Age  Debating the Evidence: Did Akhenaton Have a Co-Regency With His Father?  The Beginning of Amenhotep IVâ s Reign  Debating the Evidence: Akhenatonâ s Religion  Debating the Evidence: The Revolutionâ s Denouement  The End of the Eighteenth Dynasty (c. 1334â 1293 b.c.e.)  Tutankhamun and the Restoration of Amun  The Reigns of Ay and Horemheb, (c. 1325â 1293 b.c.e.)  CHAPTER 8The End of the Bronze Age  The Zenith of Hittite Power (c. 1344â 1180 b.c.e.)  Revival and Extension of the Hittite Empire  Hattiâ s Showdown With Egypt  Debating the Evidence: The Historicity of the Trojan War  Hittite Culture  Economy, Society, and Government  Religion  Languages and Literature  The Twilight of the Egyptian Empire (c.1293â 1150 b.c.e.)  The Empireâ s Final Flash of Greatness  Invasions of the Sea Peoples  The Collapse of Bronze Age Societies in the Eastern Mediterranean  The Mycenaean Kingdoms  The Demise of the Hittite Empire  The End of Egyptian Power  The Decline of Assyria and Babylonia  Debating the Evidence: What Caused the Collapse? CHAPTER 9Recovery And Transformation (c. 1100â 745 b.C.E.)  Mesopotamia and Egypt  Assyria and Babylonia  The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt  Anatolia  The Kingdom of Urartu  The Phrygian and Neo-Hittite Kingdoms  Syria  The Aramaeans  The Phoenicians  Debating the Evidence: Infant SacrificeEarly Israel  Debating the Evidence: The Emergence of Israel  The Formation of the Israelite State (The United Monarchy)  The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah  Other Small States of the Southern Levant   The Philistines  Ammon, Moab, and Edom  Small Kingdoms and Confederations in Arabia  CHAPTER 10MESOPOTAMian Supremacy  The Height of Assyrian Dominion (744â 627 b.c.e.)  Reestablishment and Expansion of Assyrian Power (744â 681 b.c.e.)  The Empire at Its Zenith (680â 627 b.c.e.)  Neo-Assyrian Society and Culture  The King, Crown Prince, and Queen  Non-Royal Social Classes  The Army  Administration of the Empire  Art, Literature, and Science  The Neo-Babylonian (or Chaldean) Empire (625â 560 b.c.e.)  Destruction of Assyria (627â 605 b.c.e.)  Formation of the Neo-Babylonian and Median Empires  The End of the Neo-Babylonian Empire  Neo-Babylonian CultureNebuchadnezzarâ s Babylon  Commerce and FinanceScholarly ActivityDebating the Evidence: The Emergence of Biblical MonotheismThe Triumph of the Reform MovementDevelopments during the Babylonian Exile    CHAPTER 11The Achaemenid Persian Empire  The Origins and Growth of the Achaemenid Empire  The Fluorescence of the Lydian Kingdom (c. 685â 547 b.c.e.)  The Creation of the Persian Empire  The Persian Empire at Its Height  Crisis and Restoration  Reorganization of the Empire  Wars With the Greeks  Persian Culture  The King and Court  The Persian Army  The Religion of Zoroaster  Persian Architecture and Art  Judah During the Persian Period  The Restoration of Judah  Debating the Evidence: The Careers of Ezra and NehemiahReligious Developments During the Persian Era  The Latter Part of the Achaemenid Persian Empire  The Continuation of Royal Power (424â 330 b.c.e.)  Conquest by Alexander the Great  CHAPTER 12The Legacy Of The Ancient Near East  Food, Drink, and Animals  Mathematics and Science  Language and Literature  Music, Art, and Architecture  Religion and Speculative Thought  NotesGlossary Chronological Chart  Index  Every chapter ends with Suggestions for Further Reading and Information (Internet Links and Books and Articles)