Abduction and Induction

Abduction and Induction : Essays on Their Relation and Integration

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Description

From the very beginning of their investigation of human reasoning, philosophers have identified two other forms of reasoning, besides deduction, which we now call abduction and induction. Deduction is now fairly well understood, but abduction and induction have eluded a similar level of understanding. The papers collected here address the relationship between abduction and induction and their possible integration. The approach is sometimes philosophical, sometimes that of pure logic, and some papers adopt the more task-oriented approach of AI. The book will command the attention of philosophers, logicians, AI researchers and computer scientists in general.

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Product details

  • Paperback | 328 pages
  • 154.94 x 231.14 x 20.32mm | 476.27g
  • Springer
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • English
  • Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2000
  • biography
  • 9048154332
  • 9789048154333

Review quote

'The present book ... does throw open windows towards understanding the true complexities of reasoning, by presenting abduction and induction intertwined as a fascinating case study for 'real logic'.' Johan van Benthem, University of Amsterdam

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Table of contents

Foreword. Preface. Contributing Authors. 1. Abductive and inductive reasoning: background and issues; P.A. Flach, A.C. Kakas. Part I: The philosophy of abduction and induction. 2. Smart inductive generalizations are abductions; J.R. Josephson. 3. Abduction as epistemic change: a Peircean model in Artificial Intelligence; A. Aliseda. 4. Abduction: between conceptual richness and computational complexity; S. Psillos. Part II: The logic of abduction and induction. 5. On relationships between induction and abduction: a logical point of view; B. Bessant. 6. On the logic of hypothesis generation; P.A. Flach. 7. Abduction and induction from a non-monotonic reasoning perspective; N. Lachiche. 8. Unified inference in extended syllogism; P. Wang. Part III: The integration of abduction and induction: an Artificial Intelligence perspective. 9. On the relations between abductive and inductive explanation; L. Console, L. Saitta. 10. Learning, Bayesian probability, graphical models, and abduction; D. Poole. 11. On the relation between abductive and inductive hypotheses; A. Abe. 12. Integrating abduction and induction in Machine Learning; R.J. Mooney. Part IV: The integration of abduction and induction: a Logic Programming perspective. 13. Abduction and induction combined in a metalogic framework; H. Christiansen. 14. Learning abductive and nonmonotonic logic programs; K. Inoue, H. Haneda. 15. Cooperation of abduction and induction in Logic Programming; E. Lamma, et al. 16. Abductive generalization and specialization; C. Sakama. 17. Using abduction for induction based on bottom generalization; A. Yamamoto. Bibliography. Index.

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