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    1434: The Year a Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy and Ignited the Renaissance (Paperback) By (author) Gavin Menzies

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    DescriptionIn his bestselling book 1421:The Year China Discovered the World, Gavin Menzies revealed that it was the Chinese that discovered America, not Columbus. Now he presents further astonishing evidence that it was also Chinese advances in science, art, and technology that formed the basis of the European Renaissance and our modern world. In his bestselling book 1421: The Year China Discovered the World, Gavin Menzies presented controversial and compelling evidence that Chinese fleets beat Columbus, Cook and Magellan to the New World. But his research has led him to astonishing new discoveries that Chinese influence on Western culture didn't stop there. Until now, scholars have considered that the Italian Renaissance - the basis of our modern Western world - came about as a result of a re-examining the ideas of classical Greece and Rome. A stunning reappraisal of history is about to be published. Gavin Menzies makes the startling argument that a sophisticated Chinese delegation visited Italy in 1434, sparked the Renaissance, and forever changed the course of Western civilization. After that date the authority of Aristotle and Ptolemy was overturned and artistic conventions challenged, as was Arabic astronomy and cartography. Florence and Venice of the 15th century attracted traders from across the world. Menzies presents astonishing evidence that a large Chinese fleet, official ambassadors of the Emperor, arrived in Tuscany in 1434 where they met with Pope Eugenius IV in Florence. A mass of information was given by the Chinese delegation to the Pope and his entourage - concerning world maps (which Menzies argues were later given to Columbus), astronomy, mathematics, art, printing, architecture, steel manufacture, civil engineering, military machines, surveying, cartography, genetics, and more. It was this gift of knowledge that sparked the inventiveness of the Renaissance - Da Vinci's inventions, the Copernican revolution, Galileo, etc. Following 1434, Europeans embraced Chinese intellectual ideas, discoveries, and inventions, which formed the basis of European civilization just as much as Greek thought and Roman law. In short, China provided the spark that set the Renaissance ablaze.


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  • Full bibliographic data for 1434

    Title
    1434
    Subtitle
    The Year a Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy and Ignited the Renaissance
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Gavin Menzies
    Physical properties
    Format: Paperback
    Number of pages: 416
    Width: 128 mm
    Height: 194 mm
    Thickness: 34 mm
    Weight: 440 g
    Language
    English
    ISBN
    ISBN 13: 9780007269556
    ISBN 10: 0007269552
    Classifications

    BIC subject category V2: HBG, HBTM
    BIC E4L: HIS
    BIC geographical qualifier V2: 1FPC, 1DST
    BIC subject category V2: HBLC
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: T5.0
    BIC time period qualifier V2: 3H
    BIC subject category V2: JFCX
    BISAC V2.8: HIS008000
    DC22: 910.951
    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 25560
    BISAC V2.8: HIS020000, HIS037020
    BIC subject category V2: 1FPC, 3H, 1DST
    Thema V1.0: NHB, JBCC9, NHTM
    Thema geographical qualifier V1.0: 1DST
    Thema time period qualifier V1.0: 3KL
    Thema geographical qualifier V1.0: 1FPC
    Thema time period qualifier V1.0: 3K
    Illustrations note
    Illustrations
    Publisher
    HarperCollins Publishers
    Imprint name
    Harper
    Publication date
    30 April 2009
    Publication City/Country
    London
    Author Information
    The author of 1421: The Year China Discovered America, Gavin Menzies was born in 1937 and lived in China for two years before the Second World War. He joined the Royal Navy in 1953 and served in submarines from 1959 to 1970. Since leaving the Royal Navy, he has returned to China and the Far East many times and in the course of researching 1421 he has visited 120 countries, over 900 museums and libraries and every major sea port of the late Middle Ages. Menzies is married with two daughters and lives in North London.
    Review quote
    'Menzies has come up with something entirely new...it is a startling claim.' Guardian