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    1421: The Year China Discovered the World (Bantam (UK)) (Paperback) By (author) Gavin Menzies

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    DescriptionOn 8 March 1421, the largest fleet the world had ever seen set sail from China. The ships, some nearly five hundred feet long, were under the command of Emperor Zhu Di's loyal eunuch admirals. Their mission was 'to proceed all the way to the end of the earth to collect tribute from the barbarians beyond the seas' and unite the world in Confucian harmony. Their journey would last for over two years and take them around the globe but by the time they returned home, China was beginning its long, self-imposed isolation from the world it had so recently embraced. And so the great ships were left to rot and the records of their journey were destroyed. And with them, the knowledge that the Chinese had circumnavigated the globe a century before Magellan, reached America seventy years before Columbus, and Australia three hundred and fifty years before Cook...The result of fifteen years research, 1421 is Gavin Menzies' enthralling account of the voyage of the Chinese fleet, the remarkable discoveries he made and the persuasive evidence to support them: ancient maps, precise navigational knowledge, astronomy and the surviving accounts of Chinese explorers and the later European navigators as well as the traces the fleet left behind - from sunken junks to the votive offerings left by the Chinese sailors wherever they landed, giving thanks to Shao Lin, goddess of the sea. Already hailed as a classic, this is the story of an extraordinary journey of discovery that not only radically alters our understanding of world exploration but also rewrites history itself.


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  • Full bibliographic data for 1421

    Title
    1421
    Subtitle
    The Year China Discovered the World
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Gavin Menzies
    Physical properties
    Format: Paperback
    Number of pages: 656
    Width: 127 mm
    Height: 198 mm
    Thickness: 42 mm
    Weight: 565 g
    Language
    English
    ISBN
    ISBN 13: 9780553815221
    ISBN 10: 0553815229
    Classifications

    B&T Merchandise Category: GEN
    B&T Book Type: NF
    BIC subject category V2: HBTM
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: T5.2
    BIC E4L: HIS
    BIC geographical qualifier V2: 1FPC
    BIC subject category V2: RGR, HBLC
    BIC time period qualifier V2: 3H
    BIC subject category V2: HBJF
    B&T General Subject: 431
    Libri: ENGM2000
    BISAC V2.8: HIS008000
    Libri: CHIN3020
    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 25560
    LC classification: E
    BIC subject category V2: 1FPC
    BISAC V2.8: HIS029000
    Abridged Dewey: 970
    BIC subject category V2: 3H
    DC21: 910.95109024
    Libri: ENTD3000
    BIC subject category V2: HBB
    Illustrations note
    illustrations, maps
    Publisher
    Transworld Publishers Ltd
    Imprint name
    Bantam Books (Transworld Publishers a division of the Random House Group)
    Publication date
    01 March 2004
    Publication City/Country
    London
    Author Information
    Gavin Menzies (Royal Navy Submarine Commanding Officer, retired) was born in 1937 in China, where he spent the first two years of his life. He joined the Royal Navy in 1953 and served in submarines from 1959 to 1970. As a junior officer he sailed the world in the wake of Columbus, Dias, Cabral and Vasco da Gama. When in command of HMS Rorqual (1968-1970), he sailed the routes pioneered by Magellan and Captain Cook. Since leaving the Royal Navy, he has returned to China and the Far East many times, and in the course of researching 1421 he has visited 120 countries, over 900 museums and libraries and every major sea port of the late Middle Ages. Gavin Menzies is married with two daughters and lives in North London.
    Review quote
    "Menzies has come up with something entirely new... it is a startling claim" Guardian "Exhaustively researched... an intriguing and highly persuasive thesis, told with passion and energy" Evening Standard "Popular history at its best" The Times "A book as engrossing as any adventure story" Daily Mail
    Review text
    Columbus, da Gama and Captain Cook may have taken the credit for a world of discoveries, but it seems the Chinese beat them all to it by a considerable margin. At least, that is the theory of former submarine commander Gavin Menzies who has spent 15 years researching an idea that on the surface may sound far-fetched. Unlike most revisionists, however, Menzies has a mass of evidence to support his ideas, including ancient maps, large standing stones and other material treasures left along the various routes - not least a number of sunken junks. According to the book - set to become a TV documentary - a massive Chinese fleet set sail in 1421 on the orders of Emperor Zhu Di. The emperor ordered his eunuch admirals, led by Zheng He, to discover new lands and unite the whole world under the umbrella of Confucian harmony - which, reading between the lines, means they were to find some cheap markets with which China could trade. The admirals' journeys lasted more than two years, during which they discovered, mapped and explored America (70 years before Columbus), Australia (350 years before Cook), and even Antarctica. So how did knowledge of these adventures become lost? Menzies has the answer to that, too. He says that when the admirals returned home they found China in a state of turmoil - in effect, going through a civil war. All evidence of the old emperor's achievements was destroyed, the nation spurned overseas contacts and so began centuries of isolation. Menzies makes his case well, presenting an enormous amount of evidence that is difficult to contradict. He also shows how the theory addresses many previously unanswered questions about ancient maps that some have said must have come from Atlantis, others from space aliens. It seems they were more likely the work of a crowd of enterprising eunuchs. This is a stunning book, eye-opening in its revelations and lavishly illustrated throughout. A bestseller in the making. (Kirkus UK)
    Back cover copy
    On 8 March 1421, the largest fleet the world had ever seen set sail from China. The ships, some nearly five hundred feet long, were under the command of Emperor Zhu Di's loyal eunuch admirals. Their orders were 'to proceed all the way to the end of the earth'. The voyage would last for two years and by the time the fleet returned, China was beginning its long, self-imposed isolation from the world it had so recently embraced. And so the great ships were left to rot, and the records of their journey destroyed. And with them, the knowledge that the Chinese had circumnavigated the globe a century before Magellan, reached America seventy years before Columbus, and Australia three hundred and fifty years before Cook. The result of fifteen years research, 1421 is Gavin Menzies' enthralling account of this remarkable journey, of his discoveries and persuasive evidence to support them: ancient maps, precise navigational knowledge, astronomy, surviving accounts of Chinese explorers and later European navigators as well as the traces the fleet left behind - from sunken remains to votive offerings left by the Chinese sailors wherever they landed, giving thanks to Shao Lin, goddess of the sea. Revised and updated with new material - including evidence of an entire Chinese fleet wrecked on New Zealand's South Island - for this paperback edition, 1421 is a brilliant, epoch-making work of historical detection that radically alters our understanding of world exploration and rewrites history itself.